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Pianoforte-makers in England

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Brand Image Info Addresses
       
KADETTE  

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1900

Pianos made by Sydney ZENDER & Co

 

London
KALER Thomas H. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 h. Salem (*1874), Woburn
 

KALTWASSER Augustus

 

 

Patent of 1857 : "466. Augustus Kaltwasser, of Grove-street, Camden-town, pianoforte-maker. An improvement in the action of horizontal pianofortes." The Mechanics' Magazine, 1857, p. 261

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1857

 

 Grove Street, Camden-town (*1857), London
KANGHANS Justus 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841 20, Wardour Street, Soho (**1841), London
KARN D. W. & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895 3, Newman Street, W. (**1895), London
KARNOCK & Co Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1900 Luton
KÄSTNER & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1903  

London

& Germany since 1920

 

KAUFFMAN Andrew 'Musical Instrument maker' ca. 1822 4, Angel Court, Skinner Street (**1822), London
KEARSING William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1825  

12, Howland Street (x1825), London

 

KEITH Charles 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1825  

33,  Rochester Row (x1825), London

 

 

KEITH Robert & William

(1767 - 1846)

 

SEE ALSO ...

Voir KEITH, PROWSE & Cie in Paris, France

 

 

'Pianoforte-makers' and publishers ca. 1825-1914

KEITH Robert & William (x1825)

KEITH, PROWSE & Co (*1831)(*1842)(1844)(**1852)(*1872)(**1882)(**1895)(*1906)(*1907)(*1909)(*1910)

KEITH, PROWSE & Co Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

Exhibitors list London, 1872

 

 

131, Cheapside (x1825)(*1831), 91, Aldersgate Street (x1825),  148, Fenchurch Street, E.C. (**1891)(**1895), 48, Cheapside, E.C. (*1842)(**1852)(**1882)(**1891)(**1895)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)(*1915), 13, Grand Hotel Buildings, Charing Cross, W.C. (**1882), 3, Grand Hotel Buildings, W.C. (**1895)(*1914)(*1915), 48, Victoria Street, Westminster, S.W. (**1895), 4, First Avenue Hotel Buildings, High Holborn, W.C. (**1895)(*1914)(*1915), 1, Prince's Buildings, Coventry Street, W. (**1895), 48, Cheapside, E.C.  (*1907), 16, New Bond Street, W. (*1914), 47, Kensington High Street, W. (*1914)(*1915), 1, Angel Court, E.C. (*1914)(*1915), 31, Coventry Street, W. (*1914)(*1915), 148, Fenchurch Street, E.C. (*1914)(*1915), 83, Brompton Road, S.W. (*1914)(*1915), 46, King William Street, E.C. (*1914)(*1915), 167, Finchley Road, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), 42, Poland Street, W. (*1914)(*1915), 38, Berners Street, W. (*1914)(*1915), 162, New Bond Street, W. (*1915), 45, Aldwych, W.C. (*1915), 42, Victoria Street, S.W. (*1915), London

Paris, France

 

KELLY Charles  

"Important Quarterly sale - 67 Pianoforte, by Erard, Broadwood, Collard, Hopkinson, Nutting, Allison, and other first-class London Makers/ Walnut full compass Grand, by Holthansen, &c.; 3 Double action Harps by Erard, Dodd, &c.; Bound and Sheet Music; stock of first class Brass Band Instruments; Working Machines, Tools, and Stock of Mr. R. Chidley, Harmonium and Concertina Maker; and a variety of goods connected with the Musical Profession.
Mr. C. Kelly will sell by auction, at his Rooms, 11, Charles-street, Berners-street, Oxford-street, on wednesday, 2nd January Inst., at one o'clock to the minute. 67 pianofortes and Stock, as above, being the Quarterly Sale of unredeemed pledges from various pawnbrokers, Stock of Brass Instruments, Bankrupt's Stock, of Mans. of Eastbourne, &c. - May be viewed monday untill time of sale. Catalogues of the auctioneer, as above, or forwarded on application : at the solocitors, Messrs. Harrison, Lewis, and Co., 8, Old Jewry; or Mr. F. Lucas, 34, George-street, Mansion House." The Musical Times, Volume 12, 01/01/1867, p. 443

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' and harmoniums, since 1824

KELLY & LYON (*1851)(**1852), see also LYON [LION]

1851 - "Notice is hereby given, that the Partnership hitherto carried on by us the undersigned, Charles Kelly and Frederick Galliard Lyon, of the High-street, Kensington, in the county of Middlesex, Pianoforte Makers, has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. All debts due from the firm are to be paid by, and all monies due to be received by, the said Charles Kelly.—Witness their hands this 26th day of April 1851. Charles Kelly. Frederick Galliard Lyon." The London Gazette, 06/05/1851, p. 1204 - see also LYON

KELLY & Co (*1875)

KELLY Charles (**1882)

KELLY & Co (**1884)(**1891)

DUBLIN - "306 Kelly, C. 10 and 11 Charles st. Berners st. London, W.—Pianofortes and harmoniums." The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international exhibition, 1865, p. 241

Exhibitors list London, 1862 | Exhibitors list Dublin, 1865

 

High Street, Kensington (*1851), 11, Charles Street, Middlesex (*1862), 10 -11, Charles Street, Berners Street (*1865), 11, Charles Street, Berners Street, Oxford Street (*1867)(*1875), 68, Westbourne Grove, W. (**1882), 14-16, Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square, W. (**1884)(**1891), London
KELLY & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882 14-16, Mortimers Street, W. (**1882), London
KELMANN 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 London
KEMBLE

 

BRANDS

MINSE
MINX
NEW WINSOR
PEMBLETT John
RENN
SCHMIDT-FLOHR
VENABLES Charles

 

'Pianoforte & Organ -manufacterer' since 1911

KEMBLE & Co (*1917)(*1919)

In 1950 : 81700 pianos.
In 1980 : 197980 pianos. (1)

They were the successors of BRINSMEAD, CHAPPEL, COLLARD & COLLARD, CRAMER, MOORE & MOORE, ROGERS EUNGBLUT & Co, B. SQUIRE and TEMPLE

97b, Carysfort Road, Stoke Newington, N. (*1917)(*1918)(*1919),  Bletchley Bucks Milton Keynes - London
KEMMLER Charles  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-1915

KEMMLER Charles & Co (**1891)(**1895)

KEMMLER & Co (*1895)(*1906)(*1907)(*1910)

KEMMLER, BÉNARD & Co (*1914)

KEMMLER, BÉNARD & Co Ltd. (*1915)

 

16, Brook Street, Bond Street, W. (**1895), 61[E], Abbey Road (**1891)(*1895), 26, Wigmore Street, W. (*1906)(*1907)(*1910)(*1914)(*1915), 12, Gee's Court, Oxford Street, W. (*1914)(*1915), London
KEMP John Charles Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1904 195, Lower Clapton, N.E. (**1904), London
KEMP Robert Alexander  

Patent of 1864 : "Kemp. 12th April 1864. - 912. Robert Alexander Kemp, of Dudly Grove, Paddington, W., for an invention for Improvements in apparatus or instruments employed for assisting or aiding in the tuning of pianofortes and other keyed musical instruments. Provisional protection only." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents, 1865, p. 65

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1864 Dudly Grove, Paddington, W. (**1865), London
KENDON William Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904-17 20, Simpson Street, Battersea, S.W. (**1904)(*1916)(*1917), London
KENNEDY Thomas  

"The Stock of Musical Instruments of Mr. Kennedy, of Oxford-street, (retiring from business,) Musical Library, Sec.
Messrs. PUTTICK & SIMPSON, Auctioneers of Music and Literary Property, will sell by Auction, at their Great Room, 191, Piccadilly, about the middle of May, a portion of the stock, of the well known Musical Instrument Maker, Mr. Kennedy of Oxford-street, consisting of Violins, Violoncellos, Double Basses, &c, of his own manufacture, and some Foreign Instruments j also, Pianofortes, by Allison and others ; Harps, by Delvean, Erard, &c. ; and a capital Library of Music, including some Antiquarian Works, original editions of Madrigals, Sec. Catalogues will be sent on application.
*Small parcels of Music and Musical Instruments can be consigned to Messrs. P. & S., to be included in their sales of Musical Property." The Musical Times, 01/05/1849, p. 65

 

'Musical Instrument maker' ca. 1818-49

 

364, Oxford Street (**1818)(**1822)(x1849), London
KENNAY James  

"PIANOFORTES, At KENNAY & CO.'s, 15, Berners Street, Oxford St. - Every description of Piccolo, Cottage, and Cabinet Pianofortes, of the b materials and the lowest prices. Established upward of 40 years. - A variety of Second-hand instruments always on Sale. Instruments taken in exchange. KENNAY & Co., 15, Berners Street, Oxford Street." The Musical World, Volume 22, 1847, p. 675

 

'Pianoforte-makers' since 1807 ?

KENNAY James & Co (**1841)

KENNAY James (x1842)

KENNAY & Co (*1847)

KENNAY James & Co (**1852)

1, Crescent, Hackney Road (**1841)(x1842), 15, Berners Street, Oxford Street (*1847), 1, Hackney Road, Crescent (**1852), London
KENNING George Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 16, Great Queen Street (*1906)(*1907)(*1910), London
KENNY Stanley 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 49, Burdett Road, E. (**1884), London
KENT & COOPER  

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1890-1900 Everil Street (*1890), 32, Market Street (?), Nottingham
KENT H. G. & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904 168, Marlborough Road, Upper Holloway, N. (**1904), London
KEOGH Frederick  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1870-95

Established in 1870.

Bankrupt in 1891 : "Frederick Keogh, 88 Church Road, Islington, and residing at 41 Dresden Road, both in Middlesex." The Edinburgh Gazette, 14/07/1891, p. 761

2a, Almorah Road, Islington, N. (**1891), 88, Church Road, Islington, N. (**1884)(**1891)(x1891)(*1893)(**1895), London
KERSWELL Richard G. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1901-04 96, High Street, Lewisham, S.E. (**1901)(**1904), London
KESSELS & Co  

SEE ALSO ...

KESSELS in Tilburg, in the Netherlands

 

 

BRAND

Pianos made by LESWEIN

 

57, Berners Street, W. (*1915), London

Tilburg, The Netherlands

KESSLER 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 London
KHUDER J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 London
KILVERT James Smith 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1915 72, Queens' Road, Bayswater, W. (**1882)(**1891)(*1893), 72 & 88, Queens' Road, Bayswater, W. (**1895)(*1914)(*1915), London
KIMBALL Ozro 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 h. Linden (*1874), Woburn
KIND Carl  

LONDON - "3417 Kind, C. 60, George's-grove, Holloway. —Model of a grand pianoforte action: new invention." International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

Patent of 1860 : "2325. "Carl Kind, of No. 50, George Grove, Holloway, in the County of Middlesex, Piano-forte Maker, for an invention for Improvements in pianofortes." Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents, 1861, p. 153

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1860-62

Exhibitors List London, 1862

50, George's Grove (*1861), 60, George's Grove (*1862), Holloway
KING Brothers  

'Pianoforte-makers' since 1874

KING Brothers (**1904)

KING Brothers Ltd. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)

 

8-10, Nisbet Place, High Street, Homerton, N.E. (**1904), Tresham Avenue, Hackney, N.E. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
KING FRANKLAND  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15

KING FRANKLAND (*1914)

KING FRANKLAND & Co (*1915)

 

 

10, Swiss Terrace, Belsize Road, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

KING John Lovett 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1870  

86, Upper Street, Islington, N. (**1870), Highbury Corner, St. Paul 's Road, Islington, N. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(**1895)(*1906)(*1907)(*1910), London

 

KIPPAX J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1855 Market Place, East Retford (xx1855), Nottingham
KIPPS William  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1884-1919

KIPPS William (**1884)

KIPPS William & Son (**1904)

KIPPS William & Sons (*1914)(*1915)(*1918)(*1919)

 

361, New Cross Road, S.E. (**1884), 10, Springbank Road, Lewisham, S.E. (**1904), 361, New Cross Road, S.E. (*1914)(*1915), 20, Sunderland Road, Forest Hill, S.E. (*1918)(*1919), London
KIRK Wheatley

 

Patent of 1836 : "Wheatley Kirk, of Commercial-street, Leeds, music-seller and manufacturer of piano-fortes, for certain improvements in pianofortes. May 14 ; six months." The pianoforte, its origin, progress, and construction, Edward F. Rimbault, 1860, p. 155 - or - "A.D. 1836, May 14. — N° 7094. KIRK, Wheatley. — Improvements in pianofortes. The invention consists primarily, fundamentally, and chiefly in the introduction of a double sounding board, and a complete metallic frame or support. The patentee rests his claim to originality on a new application and an invention, because as in the old system of manufacturing pianofortes "there was not a possibility of introducing a double sounding board for want of space,he substitutes a metallic frame for the ordinary wooden supports, props, or uprights, thereby leaving the interior entirely or sufficiently free for the insertion of a double sounding board. The sounding board is enclosed on all sides, similar to a violin, and in the form of a case. It is uniform in its thickness or depth of unoccupied space. It is free and independent of any direct and attached connexion with the frame into which it fits, thereby being in a state of release from the injurious effects to which the sounding boards on the old construction are subjected by the immense pull of the strings. Three apertures are cut in the sound board shown in the drawing for the same purpose as the sound holes in the violin." Patents for Inventions: Abridgments of Specifications Relating to Paints, 1871, p. 123

 

 

'Music-seller and manufacturer of piano-fortes' ca. 1837

Bankrupt in 13 june 1837, The Bankrupt Directory: Being a Complete Register of All the Bankrupts, with ..., 1843, p. 243

1845 - "William FULLER BOTELER, Esq. one of Her Majesty's Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy, bearing date the 1st day of June 1837, awarded and issued forth against Wheatley Kirk, of Leeds, in the county of York, Piano Forte Manufacturer and Innkeeper, Dealer and Chapman, will sit on the 6th day of August next, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon precisely, at the District Court of Bankruptcy, in the Commercialbuildings, in Leeds aforesaid (heretofore adjourned sine die), in order to take the Last Examination of the said bankrupt; when and where he is required to surrender himself, and make a full discovery and disclosure of his estate and effects, and finish his examination; and the creditors may be heard against his passing his last examination." The London Gazette, 1845, p. 21

Commercial-street (1835), Woodhouse Lane (1837), Leeds
KIRKLAND James

(? - 1794)

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1780-90

 

London
KIRKLAND James  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841

 

4, Albert Street, Bedford Square (**1841), London
KIRKMAN Abraham
| KICRKMAN

(? - 1794)

 

 

Square pianoforte n° 15 of 1775, hammerfluegel.info

 

Nameboard of a square pianoforte of 1775, hammerfluegel.info

KIRKMAN Jacob & Abraham

Square pianoforte n° 15 of 1775, hammerfluegel.info
Square pianoforte ca. 1778, The Schureck Piano Collection, Berowra Heights, NSW, Australia

 

 

'Grand Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1778-90, nephew and associate of Jacob KIRKMAN, see below.

His son Josef KIRKMAN was his associate in 1789, and later successor.

 

London
KIRKMAN Frederick
| KICRKMAN
 

"FREDERICK KIRKMAN, Son of the late Mr. JOSEPH KIRKMAN, of No. 19, Broad Street, Golden Square. Grand Piano-Forte Maker to his Majesty, begs leave most respectfully to Inform the Nobility, Gentry, and his Friends, that he has succeeded to the Business of his late Father. He intends to continue the same on the Old Premises as above, which have been in the possession of his Family for upwards of a Century, and invites an Inspection of his choice Assortment of Instruments of every Description, ready for immediate Sale." The London Literary Gazette and Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, Etc, 03/07/1830, p. 438

 

 

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1830

Son of Joseph KIRKMAN, see below.

19, Broad Street, Golden Squarel (*1830), London
KIRKMAN J.
| KICRKMAN
 

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1823

 

13, Charles Street, Middlesex, Hospital (*1823), London
KIRKMAN Jacob
| KIRCKMAN | KIRCHMANN

(1710 - 1792)

 

'Grand Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1780-90, see also Abraham KIRKMAN, just above

'KIRCHMAN' was born in Bischwiller, in the Alsace, France on 07/03/1710. He has studied by Herman TABEL, married in 1738 with the widow of TABEL. He associated with his nephew Abraham KIRKMAN in 1772. The son of Abraham KIRKMAN, Josef KIRKMAN was his associate and later his successor. Later absorbed by CHAPPEL. (1)

 

London
KIRKMAN James
| KICRKMAN
 

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1841-43

 

4, Alfred Street, Bedford Square (**1841)(*1843), London
KIRKMAN Joseph Grant
| John KIRCKMAN  | KIRCHMAN

(1711 - 1792)

 

 

 

'Grand Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1800-16, son of Abraham KIRKMAN, see above. (1)

"M. en W. STODART maken enkel groote, geen kleine Piano Forto’s. BROADWOOD en Son maken groote en kleine ; insgelijks Jos. KIRKMAN, edoch niet van de waarde der vorige; nog eenige andere leveren Fabriekwerken." Nieuwste reize door Engeland, Schotland en Ierland, voornamentlijk ..., Philipp Andreas Nemnich, 1809, p. 287

KIRKMAN Joseph Junior (1822)

 

London
 

KIRKMAN Joseph & Son
| KIRCKMANN

 

 

Miniature Grand Pianoforte, The Crystal Palace, and its contents : being an illustrated cyclopaedia of the great exhibition of the industry of all nations, 1851, p. 201 (archive.org)

 

 

"Concert Grand Pianoforte, with seven octaves, A to A, under-dampers, repetition action, and all the latest improvements, in solid rosewood case, elaborately carved. The case of this instrument was carved at Madras, East Indies : the designs and working drawings were sent from England by J. KIRKMAN & SON; the case was made, and the carvings executed, by the native workmen in the most correct manner. As a specimen of native Indian skilled labour it is interesting, as showing the ready capability of the native carvers to apply the art in which they excel to any purpose that may be required. The top of this pianoforte is made out of a solid piece of rosewood, without a joint; it is 5 feet wide, and even in India it is rare to meet with rosewood of such large dimensions. The piano is exhibited in the Indian Department." The International Exhibition of 1862, p. 109

 

 

"Patent Improved Semi-Cottage Pianoforte, with seven octaves, A to A, and all the latest improvements, in ebony case richly carved and gilt." The International Exhibition of 1862, p. 110

 

 

"Concert Grand Pianoforte, with seven octaves, A to A, repeating action, and underdampers, with new and improved up and down bearing bridges to preserve the sounding board in perfect aquilibrium, and prevent its sinking; in English pollard oak case richly carved and gilt." The International Exhibition of 1862, p. 110

 

 

"Patent Improved Trichord Semi-Cottage Pianoforte, with seven octaves, A tot A; single action, English model, and all the latest improvements, in walnut, tulip-wood, and ebony case." The International Exhibition of 1862, p. 111

 

 

"Oblique Grand Pianoforte, with seven octaves, A to A; grand check action, and under-dampers, with improved sounding board, in Amboyna-wood case carved and gilt." The International Exhibition of 1862, p. 111

 

 

Upright pianoforte ca. 1855, hammerfluegel.info

 

Nameplate of an upright pianoforte ca. 1855, hammerfluegel.info

Grand Pianoforte ca. 1798, The Mobbs Keyboard Collection, Golden Bay, New Zealand
Square pianoforte of 1800, Collection of Susanna Piolanti, Italy

Grand pianoforte ca. 1815-18, Powerhouse Museum Collection, Sydney, Australia
Upright pianoforte ca. 1855, hammerfluegel.info

TITLE

To her Majesty and H. R. Highness The Prince Regent (*1817)

IMAGE

DRAWING : View of the south side of Soho Square, showing the building of J. Kirkman & Son, Piano Forte Makers ca. 1880 (britishmuseum.org)

Patent of 1816 : "JOHN KIRKMAN, of Broad-street, St. James's, Westminster ; for a method of applying an octave stop to piano-fortes. Oct. 14, 1816." Annals of Philosophy, Volume 10, Thomas Thomson, Richard Phillips, Edward William Brayley, 1817, p. 73 - or - "Oct. 14, 1816. Joseph Kirkman. Two strings in unison and one with separate bridges tuned to the octave above, are struck by one hammer, forming an octave stop."  The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 201 (archive.org)

Patent of 1843 : "Joseph Kirkman, Junior, of Soho-square, piano-forte manufacturer, for improvements in the action of piano-fortes. — Sealed 19th January — 6 months for inrolment." The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent Inventions, 1843, p. 77

 

LONDON - "Messrs. Kirkman and Son contribute a grand, 7 octaves, A to A, and a bichord (“ fonda”) grand, 6 3/4 octaves, C to A, of the usual construction; also a low upright, 6 3/4 octaves, C to A, with three strings to each note, placed obliquely, and having also metallic bracing-bars in front of the sound-board.

The same firm also exhibits a model of a bichord grand, perfect in its construction in every respect. It has a compass of 6 3/4 octaves, C to G, and every note sounds the same pitch as the full-sized instrument. It has metallic bracing and string-plate, upward bearing, grand check-action, pedals, and all modern improvements. The following table of dimensions of this model and the real instrument will shew its comparative size.

  Dimens. of ordinary Bichord Grand. Dimens. of Messrs. Kirkmans' Model.
 

FT.  -  IN.

FT. -  IN.

Outside length 7 - 0 4 - 1
width 4 - 3 2 - 10
Height from the ground to top of instr. 3 - 2 1 - 8 1/2
Length of key-board 3 - 7 1/2 2 - 2 1/2
each octave 0 - 6 1/2 0 - 3 15/16
Depth of the keys from front to back 0 - 5 3/8 0 - 3 1/2

The tone of this lilliputian instrument is wonderful for its size, and the workmanship throughout is perfect." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1851, p. 35

LONDON - "But the greatest attraction in this department appears to be the miniature model grand of Messrs. Kirkman. The art and science of pianoforte-making seems to be concentrated in tl'is little instrument : and were it not there to speak for itself, no one would believe it possible to produce such clear, full, and sparkling tones in so small a compass, while no difficulty seems to be avoided, having 6 3/4 octaves and all the modern improvements. [...] Another improvement, also by Messrs. Kirkman, is tlie addition of metal bracings to their oblique pianofortes, and the introduction of drilled metal studs and the harmonic bar fir tiic improvement of the upper notes, so often defective in this class of instruments." The Crystal Palace, and its contents : being an illustrated cyclopaedia of the great exhibition of the industry of all nations, 1851, p. 42 (archive.org)

LONDON - "The oblique pianoforte, in ebony and gold, in the Italian style, with well-designed carved frets, &c., by Messrs. Kirkman,is a graceful and elegant instrument." Crystal Palace, and its contents : being an illustrated cyclopaedia of the great exhibition of the industry of all nations, 1851, p. 202 (archive.org)

LONDON - "467 Kirkman, Joseph, & Son, 3 Soho Square, and 9 Dean Street—Manufacturers. Miniature model of a grand pianoforte, six and threequarter octaves, metal braces, and drilled bridges. Seven octave, full grand pianoforte, with repetition action, in rosewood case. The fonda semi-grand pianoforte, in walnut case. Oblique piccolo pianoforte." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 464

DUBLIN - "699 Kirkman, J. & Son, London, Inv. and Manu, Mackintosh & Co. Exhibitors.—Pianofortes of various styles and descriptions." Official Catalogue of the Great Industrial Exhibition, in connection with the Royal Dublin Society, 1853, p. 61

LONDON - "3418 Kirkman J. & Son, 3, Soho-sq. — Pianofortes." International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1816-1903

KIRKMAN Joseph (*1816)(*1817)(*1818)(**1818)(*1820)(*1823)(x1825)(*1830)

KIRKMAN Joseph [junior] & Son (x1842)(***1843), see just below

(*1851)(**1852)(*1858)(*1862)(*1865)(**1874)(**1884)(*1893)(*1897)

Fire in the manufactory in 10/08/1853. (5)

Succeeded by COLLARD & COLLARD in 1896.

In 1900 they already did made 48000 pianos. (1)


(continuation)

LONDON - "Having already referred generally to the musical instruments in the Exhibition, it is not necessary to dilate upon the excellence of the pianos exhibited by Messrs. Kirkman and Son, of Solio Square; we introduce an illustration in order to show the beauty of the case merely—its exquisite tone is well known to all who had the pleasure of hearing it played upon. The Oblique Grand was exhibited in the Indian Department. It was seven octaves, from A to A, with undcrdampers, repetition action, and all the latest improvements. The rosewood case of this fine instrument was elaborately carved at Madras. The designs and working drawings were sent from England by J. Kirkman and Son; the case was made, and the carvings executed, by the native workmen in the most correct manner. As a specimen of the native Indian skilled labour it is interesting, as showing the ready capability of the native carvers to apply the art in which they excel to any purpose that may be required. The top of this pianoforte is made out of a solid piece of rosewood, without a joint; it is five feet wide, and even in India it is rare to meet with rosewood of such large dimensions." Cassell's Illustrated Exhibitor: Containing about Three Hundred, 1862, p. 272

LONDON - "Messrs. Kirkman and Son (3418), one of the oldest houses in the trade, exhibit a concert grand. in a handsome case, carved at Madras by Indian workmen; three other grands, and four upright pianos, exhibiting difi'erent varieties of manufacture. They also show a new method of mounting the string of the grand on the back bridge. They receive a Medal for beauty of tone and general excellence of construction." Reports by the Juries on the subjects in the thirty-six classes into which ..., 1862, p. 148

LONDON - "Messrs. Kirkman in one of their grand pianofortes had a new bridge to prevent the sinking of the sounding-board, which is applied in a very scientific and thoroughly mechanical manner, and for certain classes of pianofortes must be a valuable improvement." The International exhibition. The industry, science, & art of the age, 1863, p. 150

DUBLIN - "314 Kirkman, J. & Son 3 Soho sq. London, W. — Pianoforte." The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international exhibition, 1865, p. 241

PARIS - "Messrs. Kirkman exhibit two full grands, a "boudoir" grand," and a "piccolo ;" and too much praise can scarcely ""ksti'u*1, De awarded to this firm for the altogether admirable speciJiewts. mens which they have now placed before the public. From English their full grand at 175 guineas, down to the piccolo at 48 pianos. guineas, the instruments are, one and all, excellent." Reports on the Paris Universal Exhibition, 1867, Volume 2, p. 199

LONDON - "In Room No. 13 are three instruments by Messrs. Kirkman. One is a full-sized concert grand, one a boudoir grand, and one a semi-grand. It appears that Messrs. Kirkman have made great advancement in the manufacture of piano fortes. Metal frame-works have been generally adopted by the trade; they are of cast and wrought-iron. The cast-iron frames are made in one or two pieces. Uncertainties surround the operation of casting, as the iron, when cooling, is apt to shrink unevenly or to curl, all of which incidents are inimical to the true fitting of the action and strings afterwards. Messrs. Kirkman, appreciating the importance of these facts, have adopted steel as the material for the frames of their best and most expressive pianos. As may be well known, steel is much lighter, harder, and more capable of precise mechanical manipulation than cast or wrought iron. The advantages arising from employing this material are therefore apparent. The tone of this instrument is powerful, round, and even, while the action is well balanced, and enables the performer to obtain (as perfectly as any interposed mechanism will allow) nuances of expression as varied as the violinist produces out of his violin. And here may be interposed that a greater perfection of mechanical fitting and of strength could be obtained if Messrs. Kirkman were to employ some new kind of steel invented by Sir Joseph Whitworth, who has entirely got rid of the air-holes which occur in steel castings. The semigrand piano is made upon a similar mode of construction as the grand. The boudoir grand is less expensive. The frame-work is of cast-iron. All the internal mechanism is thoroughly well executed. Resembling the arrangement adopted on the Continent, the bass strings, to obtain the greatest length of string, are strung obliquely above the strings of the alto and treble clefs of the piano. This arrangement is not satisfactory, since it generally affects the tone of the tenor clef, and unless some compensation is effected in the disposition of the sounding board, by which a kind of reaction may be created, a twangyness of tone is noticeable. Messrs. Kirkman are to be congratulated on having surmounted this difficulty, since the tone of their boudoir grand piano is throughout even and pleasant. The action of each of these three instruments is a “repetition” one, though, for the matter of that, a well-constructed action with a medium escapement and good check, provides, to an average pianist, the means of producing that repetition, which the soi-disant “repetition” action professes to do for the beginner or indolent performer." Journal of the Royal Society of Arts, 1872, p. 890-891

"PIANO-FORTE SALOON. - JOSEPH KIRKMAN, Eldest Son and only Apprentice of Joseph Kirkman, late of Broad Street, deceased, respectfully acquaints the Nobility, Gentry, and his Friends, that he has opened a spacious Saloon, 3, SOHO Square, next door to the Bazaar, for the sale of every description of Piano-forte, where he hopes to merit the support so liberally bestowed upon his late Father. There is at present a Splendid Assortment, not only of his own manufacture, but of every Maker of Eminence in London at Manufacturer's prices. Instruments of every description exchanged." The Harmonicon, Volumes 4-10, William Ayrton, 09/1830, p. 279

 

Prize medal London, 1851 | Exhibitors list Dublin, 1853 | Exhibitors list London, 1862 | Exhibitors list Dublin, 1865 | Exhibitors list Paris, 1867 | Exhibitors list London, 1872

SEE ALSO ...

PIANO CONTROVERSY 1851

INFO EXTRA

KIRKMAN on Wikipedia

Broad Street, St. James's, Westminster (*1817), 19, Broad Street, Carnaby Market [Golden Square] (P1800)(*1816)(*1817)(*1818)(**1818)(*1820)(*1823)(x1825), 3, Soho Square (*1830)(*1843), 9, Dean Street, Soho, W. (**1851)(**1852)(*1858)(**1882)(**1884), 3, Soho Square (**1841)(x1842)(***1843)(**1851)(**1852)(*1858)(*1862)(*1865)(*1867), factory : Dufour's Place, Broad Street, Golden Square (x1842)(**1852), Cambridge Road, Hammersmith, W. (**1874), Bradmore Works, Hammersmith, W. (**1882), 3 [& 9], Soho Square, W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903), 12a, George Street (late of 3, Soho Square, W.), Hanover Square, W. (**1895), London
KIRKMAN Joseph Junior
| KICRKMAN
 

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1825

 

6, Frith Street, Soho (x1825), London
KITCHEN V. I.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893-1906

KITCHEN A. Mrs. (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

 

407, Oxford Road (*1893)(*1895)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Manchester
KLEIN Henry & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1895 84, Oxford Street, W. (**1895), London
KLINKER H. & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891 16-17, Fore Street, E.C. (**1891), London
KLINKER Hermann  

'Pianoforte-importer' ca. 1891-1915

KLINKER Hermann & Co Ltd. (*1915)

 

13, Fore Street, E.C. (**1891), 15-16-17, Fore Street, E.C. (*1915), London
KLITZ Charles John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884-1915 26, Hanway Street, Oxford Street, W.C. (**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(**1895)(*1914)(*1915), London
KNAGGS Stephen Landé
| Laudé
'Pianoforte-maker' since 1882-1909  

3, Park Street, Islington, N. (**1884), Works : Park Street, Islington, N. (**1884), 17 a, Park Street, Islington, N. (**1882)(**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1907)(*1909), London

 

KNAPTON & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' since 1896 London
KNAUSS & Sons 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1891 103, New Bond Street, W. (**1891), London
KNIGHT Alfred

 

BRAND

'Pianoforte-brand' since 1990 made by STROUD PIANO Co

And since 1993 made by WHELPDALE, MAXWELL & CODD.

 

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1936

Made already 64930 pianos in 1980. (1)

 

Loughton, Essex

Woodchester, Stroud

KNOLL Charles Louis  

"KNOLL & CO., PIANOFORTE MANUFACTURERS, 187, Tottenham Court-road, London, beg to call the attention of Nobility, Gentry, Professors. Sec, to their
THREE UNISON OBLIQUE PIANOFORTE
, Compass. 7 octaves, which is admitted to be equal to Three Unison Horizontal Grand, and more powerful and brillianttoned than any Cottage or Boudoir Pianoforte offered to the Public. It is built with iron bars, metallic plate, superior double action, and improved soft pedal, which avoids the shifting of the action, so that the tone, although soft, is not feeb'e. This instruments are of elegant construction, and are diked ani fluted behind, and so finished th it they may be placed in the centre or in any part of the drawing-room.
TWO UNISON OBLIQUE PIANOFORTE. Compass. 6 7/8 octaves, of the same construction, and with the same action as the above.
SEVEN OCTAVE COTTAGE PIANOFOBTE, With double action and improved soft pedal. Ditto, 6 7/8 octaves.
PICCOLO PIANOFORTES, Compass, 7 and 6 7/8 octaves, with C. Knoll's newly-invented double action and improved soft pedal. As to the quality of the material and workmanship of this Pianoforte, C. Knoll begs to refer to his long pFactical experience, acquired during a period of twenty years in the first and best Manufactories, as Foreman, Finisher, and Regulator; also to his having Finished the Grand Pianoforte exhibited by Messrs. Erabd at the Great Exhibition in 1851; and prepared all the Models of Actions submitted by Messrs. E«akd to the examination of the Jurors on that occasion, as well as superintended all the important branches in the manufacturing of their instruments. — Established 1852." The Musical Times, Volume 9, 01/02/1860, p. 198

 

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1852

KNOLL C. A. & Co (*1862)

KNOLL Charles Louis (**1863)

LONDON - "3419 Knoll, C. A Co. 187, Tottenham-ct.rd. W.—Grand and other pianofortes." International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

LONDON - "Mr. Knoll showed a handsomely inlaid Oblique Piano, with the peculiarity of the strings being at the back of the instrument, and the hammers also striking at the back. This is accomplished by an ingenious system of levers, something similar to that employed by organ-builders, where the keys are at a distance from the instrument. With this plan properly carried out, it would be quite possible for a performer to play in one room while the piano is in another." The International exhibition. The industry, science, & art of the age, 1862, p. 150

LONDON - "Messrs. KNOLL and Co. (3419) exhibit several uprights. One in a handsome inlaid case, on a singularly oomphcated principle, with the strings and striking action at the back. They are awarded Honourable Mention for power of tone." Reports by the Juries on the subjects in the thirty-six classes into which ..., 1862, p. 148

Patent of 1862 : "Knoll. 26th February 1862. - 526. Charles Louis KNOLL, of 187, Tottenham Court Road, in the County of Middlesex, for an invention for Improvements in piano-fortes. Letters Patent sealed." Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents, 1863, p. 38

Exhibitors List London, 1862

187, Tottenham Court, Road W.(**1860)(*1862)(**1863), London
KIRKWOOD  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900

 

London
KNOTT Henry  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1870-93

KNOTT H. (**1870)

KNOTT Henry & Son (**1882)(**1884)

KNOTT & Son (*1893)

 

111, Pentonville Road, N. (**1870)(**1882)(**1884)(*1893), London
KNOWLES John  

Patent of 1858 : "2819. Robert Lloyd Burrowes and John Knowles [Junior, of the same place, Mine Surveyor], of St. Helen's, Lancashire, for the construction of pianofortes and organs. — Dated December 9, 1858." The Repertory of patent inventions, 1859, p. 78 and read more : Mechanic's Magazine, 29/07/1859, p. 77

 

'Mine Surveyor' ca. 1858 St. Helen's, Lancashire
KOHLER Elizabeth  

'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1808

 

89, St. James's Street (*1808), London
KOLLMAN Georges Augustus
| COLLMAN

 

"G. A. KOLLMANN'S NEW PATENT PIANOFORTES.
THE novel features which characterize Mr. G. Kollmann's Horizontal Grand, Horizontal Square, Upright Grand, and Upright Semigrand PianoFortes, consist not merely in Improvements of One, or several of the various parts of which the Instrument is composed, while the Principles according to which it has hitherto been formed are retained, but in the application of superior Principles of such a nature, that these Pianofortes receive a new and improved construction in all their departments, obtaining by simple means the best results, namely in — Quality And Quantity Op Tone —Standing In Tune — Facility of Tuning — Good Touch — External Form — And General Durability.
The new qualities of the Horizontal Grand Pianoforte, may be briefly described as follows : —
1. The Hammers and Mechanism are placed Above the String, so that the Hammers Strike Down on the Strings Towards the Bridge and Soundboard. It is by this mode of action alone, that tone of the finest quality and greatest power is produced. In the usual Grand Pianofortes the Mechanism is placed Under the Strings, and the Hammers strike them Upwards, Away from the Bridge and Soundboard.
2. The Stringing and Soundboard have qualities by which the Quantity of tone in the Instrument is increased.
3. The entire Plan of Tuning is New, and rendered a mathematical operation, regulated with Ease and Certainty, by means of Screw power. Hence the Pianoforte can be tuned with exactness and facility. It stands firm in tune, and the strings can be renewed as often as may be desirable, without the mode of fixing them being lessened in security. i. The Mechanism is Simple, and acts with the least possible friction and resistance. The results of this arrangement are : 1. A good and easy touch, enabling the performer to produce every variety of expression and execution with facility — 2. Durability of the action's original state. 3. New features of Outline of the Pianoforte, by which it is rendered more Convenient and Elegant. The four Classes, of Mr. Kollmann's new Pianofortes, possess the qualities of the Horizontal Grand, therefore, although varying in form and dimensions, they all have the Grand Pianoforte Tone.
The above Pianofortes are to be seen at No. 21, Old Bond Street.
Class.

1. Horizontal Grand Pianoforte, of 6 1/2 octaves, in Rosewood, with massive Ornaments and feet of new design, &c. carved in solid Rosewood.
2. The above Pianoforte in every respect, but of Mahogany.
3. Ditto Rosewood without extra ornament.
4. Ditto Mahogany.
5. Horizontal Square Pianoforte of 6 1/2octaves, three strings to each note, in Rosewood Case, ornamented, and with solid Rosewood feet, lyre, &c. The same Mechanism as in the Grand Pianoforte.
6. Ditto in Rosewood, Plainer.
7. Ditto in Mahogany.
8. Ditto Ditto with two strings to each note.
9. Upright Grand Pianoforte, 6 1/2 octaves, in every point the same as No. 1, in Rosewood. The elevation ot new design, with massive feet and ornaments of solid Rosewood.
10. Ditto in Rosewood, without ornaments.
11. Ditto in Mahogany.
12. Upright Semigrand Pianoforte, 6 1/2 octaves, in Rosewood, with solid plinths and feet, three strings to each note, and the same mechanism as in the Grand Pianoforte.
13. Ditto Ditto in Mahogany with two strings to each note."
The Musical World a weekly record of Musical Science, Literature, and ..., 1838, p. 296

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1838-43

Bankrupt on 28 february 1840, The Bankrupt Directory: Being a Complete Register of All the Bankrupts, with ..., George Elwick, 1843, p. 245

Patent of 1825 : "G. A. Collman, of the Friary, St. James's palace ; for improvements in the mechanism and general construction of piano fortes. - Feb. 1825." Annual Register, Volume 67, Edmund Burke, 1826, p. 270 - more information : Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, Volume 12, 1826, p. 139 - "Feb, 6, 1825. — G. A. KOLLMAN. Down-striking grand-action and larger sounding-board." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 203 (archive.org)

Patent of 1839 : "To George Augustus Kollman, of the Friary, St. James's Palace, in the county of Middlesex, professor of music, in pursuance of a report of the Judicial Committee of her Majesty's Privy Council, of an extension of former Letters Patent for the term of seven years, from the 26th February, inst., for his invention of certain improvements in the mechanism and general construction of pianofortes. - Sealed 23d February." The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent ..., 1839, p. 65 - and - The London Gazette, 20/03/1840, p. 710

 


(continuation)

"Mr. G. Kollman's Pianofortes. — The first Pianoforte was a simple instrument, the happy improvement on the harpsichord which suggested itself to the fertile mind of Gottlieb Schroeder rather more than a century ago. Many improvements have since been effected, for some of which, performers have been indebted to scientific men in no wise connected with the profession; thus the covering the base strings with wire, we owe to the suggestion of a literary gentleman attached to the British Museum; and we doubt not that pianists are equally indebted in a similar way for many other valuable additions to the mechanism of this delightful instrument. The imperfection of the pianoforte exists in the fact, that its strings are not immediately acted on by the finger, or in other words, the mechanism attached to the ivory note is but inadequately adapted to obey the every varying and delicate impulses which agitate the mind of a finished performer and well educated musician. Much however has been effected; and much more appears to be attempting, a result which may probably be ascribed in some measure to the visits of the wonder-working professors of the new school of pianoforte composition — Thalberg and Doehler. The music now written for the instrument, demands great power of tone — and of that quality which will travel through a large and crowded room; a simultaneous grasp of distant intervals, and a rapid enunciation of each note. Mr. Kollman, by his invention, professes to have added improvements in regard to each of these attributes. He states that he has gained the finest quality, and the great power of tone by certain peculiarities in the sound boardssion, and affording the utmost scope to a facile execution. By a novel arrangemant of the screws, Mr. Kollman reports himself to have arrived at a purer intonation, and this attained by the simplest means. On Monday a numerous audience assembled in the Hanover Square Kooms to witness an exhibition of the advantages which these instruments are understood to possess. Mr- Kollman performed on the occasion a sonata of his own composition, a concerto and grand trio by Beethoven, and (with Miss Hippon) the adagio and finale in Hummel's duet in A flat. He was assisted by Mrs. Bishop, Miss Birch, and Miss F. Woodham, vocalists; by Messrs. Blagrove, Hauseman, and others, instrumentalists. We shall inspect and try for ourselves Mr. Kollman's inventions; and shall then announce our opinion of their merits. At present, it will be seen, we entirely withhold any expression either of approbation or the contrary." The Musical World a weekly record of Musical Science, Literature, and ..., 1838, p. 137

 

21, Old Bond Street (*1838), Friary, St. James's Place (*1826)(*1839), 67, St. Martin's Lane (xx1840)(**1841)(*1843), London
 

 

(*1808): 'Post Office Annual Directory', 1808, p. 172 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1816): 'The Post office London directory', 1816, p. 194 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1817): 'The Post office London directory', 1817, p. (Kirkman) 192 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1818): 'Johnstone's London Commercial Guide, and Street Directory; on a New and More ...', 1818, p. 118

(**1818): 'The Poll Book, for Electing Two Representatives in Parliament for the City and Liberty of Westminster', 1818

(*1820): 'The Post Office London directory', 1820, p. 205 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(**1822): 'History, Directory & Gazetteer, of the County of York: With Select Lists of ...', 1822, p. 34

(*1823): 'Kent's Original London Directory', 1823

(x1825): 'Pigot & Co.'s new commercial directory of Scotland for 1825', p. 907-908 (digital.nls.uk)

(*1826): 'Annual Register', Volume 67, Edmund Burke, 1826, p. 270

(*1830): 'The Harmonicon', Volumes 4-10, William Ayrton, 09/1830, p. 279

(**1830): 'The London Literary Gazette and Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, Etc.', 03/07/1830, p. 438

(*1831): 'The Harmonicon', 05/1831, p. 311

(*1837): 'Pigot and co.'s national commercial directory of the whole of Scotland', 1837, Aberdeen p. 186, Edinburgh p. 98, Liverpool p. 78, Leeds p. 54

(*1838): 'The Musical World a weekly record of Musical Science, Literature, and ...', 1838, p. 296

(*1839): 'The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent ...', 1839, p. 65

(xx1840): 'The London Gazette', 20/03/1840, p. 710

(**1841): 'Post Office London Directory', 1841, p. 807

(*1842): 'The Musical World', Volume 17, 1842, p. 216

(x1842): 'Robson's London Directory', 1842, p. 1598 -1599(archive.org)

(*1843): 'The Post Office London Directory', 1843

(**1843): 'The Bankrupt Directory: Being a Complete Register of All the Bankrupts, with ...', George Elwick, 1843, p. 245

(***1843): 'The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent Inventions', 1843, p. 77

(*1847): 'The Musical World', Volume 22, 1847, p. 675

(x1849): 'The Musical Time's, 01/05/1849, p. 65

(*1851): 'The London Gazette', 06/05/1851, p. 1204

(**1851): 'Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851', p. 464

(**1852): 'Post Office London Directory', 1852 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1853): 'Catalogue of the Great Industrial Exhibition, in connection with the Royal Dublin Society', 1853, p. 61

(xx1855): 'Post Office Directory of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire', 1855, p. 188

(*1857): 'The Mechanics' Magazine', 1857, p. 261

(*1858): 'Annuaire-almanach du commerce, de l'industrie, de la magistrature et de l'administration : ou almanach des 500.000 adresses de Paris, des départements et des pays étrangers : Firmin Didot et Bottin réunis', 1858, p. 2249

(*1860): 'The pianoforte, its origin, progress, and construction', Edward F. Rimbault, 1860, p. 155

(**1860): 'The Musical Times', Volume 9, 01/02/1860, p. 198

(*1861): 'Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents', 1861, p. 153

(*1862): 'International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department', 1862, p. 54

(**1863): 'Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents', 1863, p. 38+150

(*1865): 'The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international exhibition', 1865, p. 241

(**1865): 'Chronological index of patents applied for and patents', 1865, p. 65

(*1867): 'The Musical Times', Volume 12, 01/01/1867, p. 443

(**1870): 'The 'Handbook' to the manufacturers & exporters of Great Britain', 1870, p. 367

(*1872): 'Journal of the Society of Arts', Volume 20, 1872, p. 889

(*1874): 'The Woburn Directory', 1874

(**1874): 'Post Office Directory of Middlesex', 1874, p. 501 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1875): 'The Musical Times', 01/05/1875, p. 67

(**1882): 'Post Office London Directory', 1882, p. 412 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1884): 'Business Directory of London', 1884, p. 618-619 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1890): 'The Musical Times and Singing-class Circular', 1890, p. 554

(**1891): 'Post Office London Trades Directory', 1891, p. 480-481 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(x1891): 'The Edinburgh Gazette', 14/07/1891, p. 761

(*1893): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1893, p. 656-664 (Gallica)

(*1895): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1895, p. 717-718 (Gallica)

(**1895): 'Post Office London Directory, 1895, p. 2038-2039 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1897): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1897, p. 834-841 (Gallica)

 

 

(**1901): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1901, p. 1050-1051 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1903): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1903, p. 1103-1110 (Gallica)

(**1904) : 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1904, p. 1129-1130 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1906): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique', 1906, p. 1091-1100 (Gallica)

(*1907): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1907, p. 1094-1104 (Gallica)

(*1909): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1909, p. 1105-1113 (Gallica)

(*1910): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1910, p. 1144-1153 (Gallica)

(*1914): 'Post Office London Directory', 1914, p. 1837-1838 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1915): 'Post Office London Directory', 1915, p. 1796-1797 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1916): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1916, p. 606 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1917): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1917, p. 592-593 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1918): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1918, p. 571-572 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1919): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1919, p. 555 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(1): 'Histoire de piano de 1700 à 1950', Mario Pizzi, 1983

(2): 'Makers of the Piano 1700-1820' and 'Makers of the Piano 1820-1860', Martha Novak Clinkscale, 1993

(5) : Haydn's Dictionary of Dates: Relating to All Ages and Nations, for Universal ..., 1871, p. 299

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