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Pianoforte-makers in England

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Brand Image Info Addresses
       
ABBOTT John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 1, Brill Street, Somers Town, N.W. (**1884), London
ABBOTT J. & Son  

Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1893-1906

AMBROSE, ABBOTT & Cie (*1906)

 

Dear's Place, N.W. (*1893), 25, New Gate Street, E. C. (*1906), London
ABBOTT & SMITH Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1903-10 Blackman Lane (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Leeds
ADALBERT PIANO Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914 6, Great Marlborough Street, W. (*1914), London
ADAMS G. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1909 23, High Street, Kensington(*1909), London
ADAMS William B.  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1861-1910

ADAMS & BERESFORD (**1867), Pianoforte-dealers

ADAMS A. (*1906)(*1909), Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10

 

4, Hockley (xx1861), 16-17, Ann Street (**1867), 77, Belgrave Road (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Birmingham
ADAMSON George Frederick 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904-15  

1, Nisbet Place, High Street, Homerton, N.E. (**1904), 203, Lower Clapton Road, Clapton (**1904), 51, Andrew's Road, Hackney, N.E. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

ADDISON Robert  

ADDISON & NUTTING

Upright pianoforte ca. 1860, Hezlett House, County Londonderry, Ireland, U.K.
Upright pianoforte n° 8224, Basil E. Marsch Collection, Midland, M.I., U.S.

LONDON - "R, Addison, United Kingdom, for a "Royal Albert" transposing pianoforte." The great London Exhibition 1851, p. 12

LONDON - "Mr. Addison sends a transposing pianoforte (No. 467), as also Messrs. Harwar and Towns, and Packer. Mr. Addison's principle is the most original, the others being on plans that have been adopted by different manufacturers for a long period." Crystal Palace, and its contents : being an illustrated cyclopaedia of the great exhibition of the industry of all nations, 1851, p. 202 (archive.org)

LONDON - "Commencing with British exhibitors, we find that Messrs. Addison and Co. have contributed an upright piccolo, called the “Royal Albert transposing piano-forte.” The object sought is to transpose vocal music, so as to suit voices whose compass would not allow of their executing it in the original key. For example, if a song he played on the keys as if in C, it can be made to sound either in the key of Csharp, D, E flat, B, B flat, or A,—-i. e., in any key within a range of three semitones above or below the original one. There are other contrivances for this purpose in the Exhibition; but in all these, either the key-board and action, or the strings and framing, are shifted laterally, so as to make one hammer strike different strings, according to its position. In the present, neither action nor strings are moveable. The keys may be described as divided at half their length, the front and back ends being capable of moving independently of each other, and the connection being made between them by means of a shifting lever underneath ; so that, by altering the position of this lever, the front end of the key C, for example, may he made to act on the back end of either of the keys C sharp, D, B, B flat, &c. A model of the movement accompanies the piano-forte. We cannot see that the present contrivance has much advantage over the other plans; while it is certainly more complicated and expensive, and must inevitably deteriorate the touch. The transposing piano-forte is an old contrivance, having been made by Messrs. Broadwood, under patent, thirty years ago. It has, however, never been much used, and probably never will be. It can only be of service to players of an inferior class; for to better musicians, having a proper perception of pitch, it would be torture to have the fingers playing in one key, while the ears are impressed with another." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1851, p. 28

LONDON - "487 Addison, Robert, 210 Regent Street - Patentee and Proprietor. A transposing pianoforte. This piano will transpose music five semitones higher or lower than the written key, if necessary. Its novelty consists in the key-board, hammers, and strin immoveable. The internal action cannot be shifted or deranged. To make this intelligible, the first two bars of the National Anthem have been selected, if written thus -

can, by striking the same ivory as the above notes represen, be immediately transposed into three higher and three lower keys." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 469

LONDON - "3453 NUTTING & Addison, 210, Regent-st. — A piano.
3455 Nutting & Addison, 210, Regent-st. W. — A piano-forte."
International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

 

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1824-67

ADDISON & BEALE (**1824), Musoc Sellers and publishers

CRAMER, ADDISON & BEALE (**1839), see also CRAMER and BEALE

1842 - "Tuesday, June 14. Partnerships dissolved. [...] R. Addison, J. Steward, and T. F. Beale, pianoforte manufacturers; so fur as regards K. Addison." Circular to Bankers, 24/06/1842, p. 409

ADDISON & Co (??)

COVENTRY, BARNETT, ADDISON & NUTTING (x1850), see also COVENTRY Charles, BARNETT Robert and NUTTING

ADDISSON & NUTTING (*1862), see also NUTTING

Patent of 1845 : "To Robert Addison, of Regent-street, London, piano-forte manufacturer, for improvements in piano-fortes,— being a foreign communication. — Sealed 23rd June." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1846, p. 66

Patent of 1854 : "8th may 1854 - George Thomas, casemaker to Messrs. Nutting, Addison, and Co., of Ornsburg-street, Regent's Park, Middlesex, pianoforte-manufacturers. Improvements in the construction of the framework of upright pianofortes." The Commissioners of Patents' Journal, 1857, p. 980

"ADDISON AND BEALE, MUSIC SELLERS AND PUBLISHERS, Beg leave to acquaint the Nobility and Gentry and their Friends, that they have removed from 120, NEW BOND STREET, to more extensive premises 201, REGENT STREET, corner of Conduit Street, where they trust through unremitting attention to merit their future patronage and support. June 25th." The Harmonicon, 07/1824, p. 268

"PANOFORTES for SALE or HIRE, selected from the Stock of the most eminent makers by Mr. Lindsay s' A liberal Discount allowed. ADDISUN and CO., 210, Regent-street.
HARMONIUMS for SALE or HIRE, selected by Mr. Lemmens from the Stock of Debain, he, Alexandre, and Evans. A liberal Discount allowed. R. All ISON and CO., 210, Regent-street.
ADDISON and CO.'S PIANOFORTE and HARMONIUM Rooms, 210, Regent-street, w." The Illustrated London News, Volume 50, 09/03/1867, p. 234

Prize medal London, 1851 | Exhibitors list London, 1862

 

120, Regent Street (before (1824), 201, Regent Street (**1824), Regent Street (**1839)(**1846)(x1850), 210, Regent Street (**1851)(*1858)(*1862)(***1867), London
ADLAM John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1790-93 40, King Street, Soho (1790), London
AGATE  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1882-1909

AGATE & PRITCHARD (**1882)(**1884)

AGATE & Co (*1893)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

 

 

68, Gracechurch Street, E.C. (**1882)(**1884), 183, Church Street, Stoke Newington, N. (**1882)(*1893), 300, Regent Street, W. (*1893), 18, Poland Street, W. (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London

 

AGGIO George H.  

LONDON - "488 Aggio, George H., Colchester - Designer and Manufacturer. Pianoforte, fitted up in plate-glass case, and gold carvings, with embroidered cutrain front." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 469

 
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1851-1925

AGGIO & Son (ca. 1925)

Exhibitors list London, 1851

 

Colchester
AGGIO Henry  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1910

AGGIO & Sons (**1882)

AGGI Henry (**1884)

AGGIO Henry & Sons (**1891)(**1895)

AGGIO & Son (*1909)(*1910)

 

393, Edgware Road, W. (**1882), 15, York buildings, Adelphi, W.C. (**1884), 324, Gray's Inn Road, W.C.(**1891)(**1895)(*1909), 324, Head Street (*1910), London
AITKEN William

 

Upright pianoforte ca. 1840, Museu de la Música, Barcelona Spain

 
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 18??

 

Liverpool
AJELLO Giuliano & Sons  

 

BRANDS

DULCETTE
MICHELLE

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker and Organ Builder' and pianoforte dealers since 1863

AJELLO Giuliano (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)

AJELLO  & Sons (*1895)(*1910)

AJELLO Giuliano & Sons (**1895)(*1914)

AJELLO B. & Sons (*1897)(*1903)

AJELLO Giuliano & Sons Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

SEE ALSO ...

AJELLO in Palermo (Italy) around 1844

 

11 & 104, Park Street, Camden Town, N. W. (**1882), 40-42, Gloucester Street (**1884), 1 to 10, Ranelagh Mews, Park Street, Camden Town, N.W. (**1884), 28, Bishop's Road, Paddington, W. (**1882)(**1884), 104, Park Street, Camden Town, N. W. (**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)(*1914)(*1915), 285, Upper Street, N. (*1914)(*1915),  London
AKERMAN William H. H.  

LONDON - "Mr. Akerman, of Bridgewater, exhibits an upright cottage, called a “lyric grand,” from its back being formed like a lyre; it has three strings to each note, placed obliquely." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1851, p. 29

LONDON - "490 Akerman, Wiliam H. H., Bridgewater, Somerset - Inventor and Manufacturer. Pianoforte, with new improvement; a bevel action for the dampers, applicable to all kinds; intended to give precision of touch by the certain rising of the key. It preserves also the dampers by gentle instead of jerking movement. Ocatve action at leasure, to use the octave of the key struck." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 469

 
'Inventor and Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1848-51

Exhibitors list London, 1851

Fore Street (**1848), Bridgewater, Somerset
AKEROYD Miss El. J. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893 136, Cemetery Road (*1893), Sheffield
ALBERICI Benedetto  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884

 

49, Warner Street, Clerkenwell, E.C. (**1884), London
 

ALBION PIANOFORTE [MANUFACTORY] Co

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1871

 

249, Kingsland Road, N.E.  (**1884)(**1891)(*1914), 249-251, Kingsland Road, E. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
ALDRICH John  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1909

 

 

St. Peters Road, Kingsland, N. (*1893), 7, Brunswick Street, Hackney Road, E. (**1882)(**1891)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), London

 

ALDRICH Richard  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842-52

 

33, Windmill Street, Finsbury (x1842)(**1852), London
ALDRIDGE W. H.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1833

 

Regent Street (**1833), London
ALEXANDER G. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895-1909 128, Rusholme Road (*1895)(*1906)(*1909), Manchester
ALGER & Co  

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1895-1910

 

7, Monsell Road, Finnsburg, P. N. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
ALLAT David  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841

 

9, Holleywell (**1841), London
ALLEN Alfred  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15

 

17, Arthur Mews, Caledonian Road, N. (*1914)(*1915), London
ALLEN & ALLEN  

"Allen & Allen, Patent Pianoforte Makers, with Metallic Plate and all the Modern Improvements, for extreme climates, 50, Tottenham-court-road." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 3 (archive.org)

 

 

'Patent Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1851-57

 

50, Tottenham Court Road (y1851)(**1852)(y1854)(y1857), London
ALLEN & CAUNTER  

'Pianoforte-makers' since 1894

 

The Grange Park Road (*1910), London
ALLEN E. F. & Sons  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900

 

Wolverhampton
ALLEN F. G.  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895-1909

 

Georgiana Street, Camden Town (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), London
ALLEN Mrs. Mary Ann  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-84

 

8, Douglas Street, Deptford, S.E. (**1882)(**1884), London
ALLEN Robert  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-97

 

42, de Beauvoir, Crescent, N. (**1891)(*1895)(*1897), London
ALLEN William

 

 

Allen and Thom's Grand Bracing System, Pianos and their Makers, Alfred Dolge, 1911, p. 81 (Archive.com)

 

Patent of 1820 : "JAMES THORN, of Wells Street, Street Mary le Bonne. Middlesex. Piano-forte-maker, and WILLIAM ALLEN, of Castle-street, in the same parish, Piano forte-maker; for an improvement in pianofortes. Dated January 13, 1820." The European Magazine, and London Review, Volume 77, 1820, p. 565

Patent of 1831 : "To WILLIAM ALLEN, of Catherine-street, Strand, in the county of Middlesex, piano-forte maker, for his having found out or discovered certain improvements upon piano-fortes. - [Sealed 20th July, 1831.]" Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the Progress, 1837, p. 235 - and -  "Notice of a patent granted to William Allen, London, Piano Forte Maker, for improvements in Piano Fortes. Dated the 20th July, 1831.
Since the introduction of cast iron frames for piano fortes, considerable expense has been incurred in drilling the holes for, and fitting in, the pins, by which the strings are brought to any required degree of tightness, and considerable difficulty has been experienced in making the tightening pins fit into the holes, so as to turn with facility, and at the same time to preserve their position, and the required tension of the strings. These objections to the cast iron frames Mr. Allen has remedied, simply by casting the two dovetailed grooves along that end of the frame where the tightening pins are to be inserted, and driving pieces of wood of a corresponding shape to fill up the dove-tailed grooves, and to receive the turning pins. It is evident that by this ingenious and simple contrivance, the expense of manufacture will be diminished, and the instruments will be improved." Journal of the Franklin Institute, 1832, p. 186

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1820-37

THOM James & ALLEN William (*1820), see THORN James

ALLEN William (*1832)(*1837)


(continuation)

Patent of 1831 : "To William Allen, of Catherine Street, Strand, in the county of Middlesex, piano forte maker, for his having found out and discovered certain improvements upon piano fortes.—20th July, 2 months." The London journal of arts and sciences and repertory of patent inventions ..., William Newton, 1831, p. 357

Patent of 1832 : "William Allen, Catharine-st., Strand, in the County of Middlesex, piano-forte maker, for certain improvements upon piano-fortes." The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year, Volume 73, 1832, p. 451

SEE ALSO ...

PIANO CONTROVERSY 1851

Castle Street, Middlesex  (*1820), 11, Sutton Street, Soho (x1825), Catherine Street, Strand, Middlesex (*1831)(*1832)(*1837), London
ALLEN William & Henry  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884

 

17, Percy Street, Tootenham Court Road, W. (**1884), London
ALLEN William S. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1901-04 27, Ferndale Road, Clapham, S.W. (**1901)(**1904), London
ALLIANCE 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1923  London 
ALLINGHAM 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 London
ALLISON & ALLISON 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1851-56 75, Dean Street, Soho (xx1851)(**1852)(**1856), London
ALLISON, ALLISON & Co  

"ALLISON and ALLISON, PATENT PIANOFORTE MANUFACTURERS, 69 and 71, Regent-street, removed from Wardour-street and Dean-street. PIANOFORTES of the best, for SALE, HIRE, or EXPORTATION. Instruments having been out on hire (nearly equal to new), to be sold at a considerable reduction. Secondhand Pianofortes by various milkers at low prices.
ALLISON and ALLISON beg to solicit an Inspection of their STOCK of PIANOFORTES, manufactured after the most approved designs of modern and antique furniture, in Spanish Mahogany, Rosewood, French Walnut-tree, &c, at their old-established Warerooms, 75, Dean-street, Soho.
BOUDOIR PIANOFORTES. —ALLISON and ALLISON beg to announce to their friends and the public that, to meet a demand, now becoming very general, for a cheaper kind of instrument than they have hitherto been in the habit of making, and from a wish to place within the reach of all a really good and sound one, they now manufacture the above Pianofortes with the same care and attention which has secured to them such extensive patronage. In Mahogany, Walnut-tree, Rosewood, Sec, at prices varying from 25 to 27 guineas each.
" The Critic : A Record of Literature, Art, Music, Science, and the ..., 15/11/1851, p. 530

 

'Patent Pianoforte-manufactory' ca. 1842-58

Succeeded by ENNEVER


(continuation)

"ALLISON & ALLISON beg to solicit an inspction of their stock of PIANOFORTES, manufactured after the most approved designs, of modern and antique furniture, in Spanish mahogany, rosewood, French walnuttree, &c, from 25 guineas upwards, at their warerooms, 75, Dean-street, Soho." Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry, 1851, p. 362

"PIANOFORTES. — Allison and Allison have the best description, in rosewood, from 26 guineas. — 75, Dean-street, Soho." The Musical World, 06/09/1856, p. 561

49, Wardour Street (x1842), 69-71, Regent Street (xxx1851), 69, Regent Street (**1852)(*1858), 1, Little Vine Street, Piccadilly (**1852)(*1858), London
ALLISON Arthur & Co  

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882-1910  

Apollo Works, Leighton Road, Kentish Town, N.W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), 10, Charlton King's Road, N.W. (**1891), 104, Torriano Avenue, N.W. (**1891), Apollo Works (*1910), London

 

ALLISON Arthur & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1837-59

See his sons Ralph and Arthur.

London
ALLISON PIANOS Ltd.

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15 Leighton Road, Kentish Town, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), 10, Charlton Kings Road, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London
 

ALLISON Ralph

 

 

Image of a pianoforte in an advertisement of 1851, The catholic directory and ecclesiastical register: for the year 1851, p. 20

 

 

Carved oak Piano, on the Exhibition London 1862 and Dublin 1865, Cassell's Illustrated Exhibitor : Containing about Three Hundred, 1862, p. 104 - and -  The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international, 1865, p. 241

 

 

 

 

 

Images of 'Model of Patent Grand Escapement Check Action', by an advertisement, Cassell's Illustrated Exhibitor: Containing about Three Hundred, 1862, p. 284

 

 

Upright pianoforte ca. 1860, Ringve Museum, Trondheim, Norway

LONDON - "483 Allison, Ralph, 108 Wardour Street, Soho, and 34 Brook Street, New Road - Manufacturer. A walnut-tree cottage pianoforte, with carved figures, and inlaid with flowers in woods of natural colours, chack repetition action, &c." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 466

DUBLIN - "648 Allison, R. 108 Wardour St-London, Manufacturer and Proprietor — Exhibited by J. Scates, 26 College Gn. Dublin. - Bichord grand pianoforte in rosewood; Microchordon, pianofortes of rosewood and walnut tree." Official Catalogue of the Great Industrial Exhibition, in connection with the Royal Dublin Society, 1853, p. 60-61 and The Irish Industrial Exhibition of 1853, p. 257

LONDON - "3360 Allison, R. A Sons, Wardour-st. W. — Oak piano, temp. Charles I. and model." International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

LONDON - "Messrs. R. ALLISON and Sons (3360) exhibit a high upright in a gorgmusly-Mrved oak case, and two smaller uprights, and various models of actions. They have Honourable Mention for gmlncss and cheapness." Reports by the Juries on the subjects in the thirty-six classes into which ..., 1862, p. 148

LONDON - "Our next illustration shows the beautiful carved oak piano exhibited by Messrs. Allison and Sons, of Wardour Street. This elegant and finely-toned instrument is designed in the prevailing style of Charles I., when the stiff and formal ornament of Elizabeth had given place to a more graceful and flowing outline.
The entire design is made in accordance with the purpose of the instrument—namely, the production of musical sounds. Kneeling angels, playing upon harps, form the brackets for the support of the key board. Busts of Jubul, Miriam, and David, with carved portraits of Handel, Haydn, and Mozart, on enriched panels, form the ends; the cheeks having busts of singing angels, surrounded with richly-carved foliage. The lower portion of the front has three perforated panels, enriched with'armoniiil tarings, and the monogram of the owner, and is divided by two earyatide figures. The upper part is supported on each side by angels, cut in full relief, playing upon harps. Above are female figures, holding scrolls of music, which show the commencement of "Gloria in Excelsis." The centre is divided into three panels by richly-carved semi-detached pillars beneath circular arches, the centre key of which is a bust of Her Majesty. The panels themselves are all richly carved, and in the centre is St. Cecilia playing upon a hand organ. In the side panels are angels holding scrolls in their hands, with the legend, "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace." In the spandrils of these two side compartments are portraits, carved in full relief, of eight of the various British warblers, the nightingale, skylark, treelark, robin, linnet, blackcap, bullfinch, and goldfinch. The spandrils of the arches contain cherubim. The cornice is also elaborately pierced, so that every means has been taken to insure the full emission of sound. The lower frieze is of foliage, with small birds, and monogram intertwined. The large upper one is a choir of twentyseven angels, each playing upon a different musical instrument, from the earliest known example down to the most modern. The nameboard is richly chased with ornamental devices, and the monogram of the owner is again introduced in relief. "Wherever mouldings are required, they have been elaborately ornamented. The interior of the instrument has by no means been neglected, for three strings have been placed to each note, and the blow given by a new patent check escapement action. We understand that the value of this instrument is three hundred and fifty guineas. Messrs. Allison also exhibit a fine pianoforte, in walnut-tree and gilt mouldings, with carved pillar truss, and the new patent check action. They likewise show their "Improved London Model" pianoforte in rosewood. This is one of their ordinary instruments, suitable for the school-room and boudoir. In the fret-front there are no fewer than 675 holes, and it has the patented back and wrest plank, with registered key board. The price of such a piece of music is, we believe, £30; and for general practice no better piano is needed. A very curious and complicated affair is a piano. Its interior, to an uneducated eye, is a world of strings, and pedals, and strangelooking mechanism. The strings, stretched to the full amount of tension, give, we are told, a "pressure of several tons;" yet such is the ingenious arrangement of the machine, that the whole is brought into instant action by the slightest touch of a lady's finger. Of the relative merits of the various beautiful instruments shown on the British side, it is quite impossible to pronounce any opinion; but if their interior arrangements are as good as their exterior embellishments—and the power of musical sound constantly heard in the Exhibition warrants this belief — why, then, we may well conclude that there is assembled at South Kensington a collection of the finest instruments in the world. The strange names by which some of the pianos arc known will surely puzzle a non-professional visitor. For instance, we find one cottage-piano described as "tubulated," another as "equipollent," and a third as fitted with an anti-blocking hopper; while a "grand" is called a microchordou, and a "square" an "iron clipper plated," with propeller action. But all these have doubtless their peculiar excellences."
Cassell's Illustrated Exhibitor : Containing about Three Hundred, 1862, p. 104

PARIS - "The pianos exhibited by Mr. Ralph Alison and Sons are small instruments, and the most noteworthy appears to me to be that styled the "Royal London Model." Its advantages consist in its cheapness (which is attributable to the fact that it is entirely made by machinery), and a patent action, or rather an action original so far as regards upright instruments. In this piano the escapement takes place (as in the grand piano) from the butt of the hammer, and a crisp touch is obtained which is rarely found in instruments of its class. Its price is 23l., and I consider this piano very remarkable as a combination of cheapness and excellence." Reports on the Paris Universal Exhibition, 1867, Volume 2, p. 199

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1850

ALLISON Ralph (**1852)

ALLISON Ralph & Son (ca. 1860)

ALLISON & ALLISON (**1882)(**1891)

ALLISON Ralph & Sons (**1884)

ALLISON Ralph & Sons Ltd. (**1862)(**1882)(*1893)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)

ALLISON & Sons (*1910)

They made 29000 pianos in 1900. (1)


(continuation)

DUBLIN - "Lovers of music could not fail, upon entering the music or concert hall, to be attracted by the delicate tunes of a most ingenious and well-constructed musical instrument exhibited by Messrs. Imhof and Mukle, called an "orchestrion." This grand instrument was shown near the entrance to the musical court of the Exhibition, and was one of the most striking examples of the capabilities of mechanism for producing perfect music. On this wonderful instrument innumerable different effects, variations, and shades of tone can be produced; and the mechanism is so perfect that its action is instantaneous and free from noise. The instrument in itself is most durable, and so built as to be equally suitable either for the heat of Calcutta or the frost of Siberia. The barrels can be easily and conveniently removed from the front, and the orchestrion does not, therefore, require more space than its width. The deepest notes are placed in the centre of the instrument, so that the tuner can tune each pipe from sides without disturbing any portion. The speed can be regulated by an additional fly so as to give detailed effects to the music performing. Self-acting instruments have been constructed for centuries past, but have always borne the impression of the general knowledge of mechanism and music of the time being. Instead of simplicity of action, the most complicated and awkward designs were used, and, therefore, would have better been termed motionless, instead of self-acting instruments; but self-acting instruments are as sure to act as Orchestrion. [...] 320 Allison, R. & Sons, 108 Wardour st. Oxford st. W. and Werrington St. St. Pancras, N.W. — Pianofortes, models, &c." The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international, 1865, p. 239-241

"PATENT PIANOFORTE MANUFACTORY - 106, Wardour-Street, Soho. - Manufactory, 34, Brook-street, New-road, London.
RALPH ALLISON begs to call the attention of the Musical Public to his stock of Pianofortes, with the Double Check Repetition Action, which for Volume of Tone, Elasticity of Touch, durability of Workmanship, and elegance of Style, are not surpassed by any House in the Trade.
A varied assortment of Pianofortes, in Mahogany, Rose and Zebra Wood, Oak, and French Walnut-tree,for sale, hire, and exportation, at moderate prices.
A Warranty given with each Instrument, and exchanged within six months, if not approved.
Pianofortes manufactured expressly for exportation to all parts of the globe.
RALPH ALLISON, 106, WARDOUR-STREET, OXFORD-STREET, LONDON." The catholic directory and ecclesiastical register: for the year 1851, p. 20

"Allison, II., Manufacturer of the Pocket Double-check Repeater Action Pianofortes, prepared expressly for Exportation, 106, Wardour-street, Soho." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 3 (archive.org)

"RALPH ALLISON AND SONS, MANUFACTURERS OF PIANOFORTES, IN ALL STYLES TO OKDER, PRICE LIST OF PIANOFORTES KEPT IN STOCK.

COTTAGES.
Height, 4 Feet 11 Inches.
1. 7-octave, Ivory-fronted Keys, metallic Plate, simple action - Walnut 60 Guineas - Rosewood 55 guineas
3. Ditto ditto Check Action - Walnut 65 Guineas - Rosewood 60 Guineas
5. Ditto Shell Door, richly carved, Check repeating Action - Walnut 70 Guineas - Rosewood 65 Guineas
6. Ditto Elizabethan style, with panelled ends and trusses - Walnut 95 Guineas - Rosewood 90 Guineas

SEMI-COTTAGES.
Height, 4 Feet 6 Inches.
7. 6 1/2-octave, Albert Fall, simple action, Ivory-fronted Keys 10. Ditto ditto, Check Repeater Action Walnut 50 Guineas - Rosewood 45 guineas
10. Ditto ditto, Chack Repeater Action - Walnut 55 Guineas - Rosewood 50 guineas
11. Ditto, New Design, elegantly carved Trusses on Plinth, Check Repeater Action - Walnut 70 Guineas - Rosewood 65 guineas

MICROCHORDONS.
Height, 4 Feet 1 Inch.
13. 6|-octave, New Design, Sconces, registered Keys, simple Action - Walnut 60 Guineas - Rosewood 55 Guineas
16. Ditto, Check Repeater Action - Walnut 50 Guineas - Rosewood 45 Guineas
17. Ditto, New Design, Swan-neck Fall, fret-cut Desk - Walnut 50 Guineas - Rosewood 45 Guineas
The same with Bracket, Truss, and Check Action - Walnut 60 Guineas - Rosewood 55 Guineas

- METALLIC PLATE FOR ALL STRINGS.

LONDON Model
18. Height 2 Feet 10 Inches.
6 1/4-octave, Registered Keys, Patent Back - Walnut 35 Guineas - Rosewood 30 Guineas

PICCOLO
19. Height 4 Feet.
61/2-octave, Registered Keys, Patent Back - Walnut 40 Guineas - Rosewood 35 Guineas
"The Perfection of Pianoforte making consists not in a complication of appliances, however beautiful, but in rigid simplicity."

Model of Patent Grand Escapement Check action [See images on the left side], Applied to the Pianofortes Manufactured and Exhibited by RALPH ALLISON AND SONS, 108, Wardour Street W., The international Exhibition 1862.
The Petentees claim for their Action an effect which it is impossible to obtain from the Hopper Action, that is, a good, firm blow; because, as soon as the Hopper is put in motion, it begins to escape from under the Lever before it has properly carried the Hammer up to the String." Cassell's Illustrated Exhibitor: Containing about Three Hundred, 1862, p. 284

Exhibitors list London, 1851 | Exhibitors list Dublin, 1853 | Exhibitors list London, 1862 | Exhibitors list Dublin, 1865 | Exhibitors list Paris, 1867

106, Wardour Street, Soho (***1851), Manufactory : 34, Brook Street, New Road (***1851), 108, Wardour Street Oxford Street , Soho, W. (**1851)(**1852)(*1862)(**1862)(*1865)(*1867), 34, Brook Street, New Road (**1851)(**1852), 3, Werrington Sreet, St. Pancras (*1862)(*1865)(**1882), Stibbington Street, N.W. (**1882), 108-109-110, Wardour Street, Oxford Street, W.  (before 1882), 167-169-171, Wardour Street, Oxford Street, W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), Prebend Street (*1910), London
ALLISON Robert & Co

 

 

Allison Registered Cottage Pianoforte, on the Exhibition London, 1851, Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 466

 

ALLISON Robert & Thomas

Upright pianoforte n° 2136, Present owners unknown
Upright pianoforte n° 3398, Gemeentemuseum, Den Haag, The Nederlands

LONDON - "An upright piccolo, by Messrs. Robert Allison and Co., has this peculiarity, viz., that the colors of the keys, instead of being arranged in the ordinary progression, are divided in the following manner : —

C Grey
C sharp White
D Grey
D sharp White
E Grey
F White
F sharp Grey
G White
G sharp Grey
A White
A sharp Grey
B White
C Grey

and so on, repeated throughout the instrument. It thus forms what is called a “ diapason (Query diatonic?) scale indicator 3” and its use is to indicate to learners the notes necessary to form the diatonic major, or minor scale, in any given key. The rule is, commencing with the key note and ascending : —
To form the major scale, take three successive keys of the same color, and four of the other color.
To form the minor scale, take two keys of the same color, and five of the other.
It is almost needless to add, that this coutrivance is more curious than useful, and cannot be intended to apply to pianofortes generally."
Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1851, p. 29-30

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1850

ALLISON Robert & Thomas (ca. 1840-48)

ALLISON Robert & Sons (*1865)


(continuation)

LONDON - "480 Allison, Robert, 69 Regent street - Manufacturer. Walnut-wood registered cottage pianoforte - the keys of the finger-board being alternated in colour, to show all the scales, major and minor, according to a single rule for each mood, founded on the place of the semi-tonic interval, which reders the seven notes to be touched for an octave of each of the other eleven scales, as evident as the scale of C. [This pianoforte is shown in the left border]." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 465

Exhibitors list London, 1851

69, Regent street (**1851), London
ALLISON Thomas 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1790-1813 London
ALLISON Thomas & ALLISON  

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1841-58

ALLISON Mary, widow and successor (1858)

And afterwards succeeded by ENNEVER W.J. & Co (1863)

 

29, Berners Street, Oxford Street (**1841), 49, Wardour Street, Soho (**1841), 75, Dean Street, Soho (*1858), London
ALLPASS & Co Ltd.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1900

 

Leeds
ALLPRESS Henry  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842

1842 - "Insolvent debtors [...]Henry Allpress, formerly of No. 18, Princes-street, Red Lion-square, and late of No. 10, Hernes-street, Pentonville, Middlesex, Journeyman Piano Forte Maker." The London Gazette, 01/07/1842, p. 1832

 

London
ALLSOPP IVORY H.  

"Pianofortes. - H. ALLSOPP IVORY (assisted by Mr. James Stewart, 26 years patentee and constructor to Messrs. Collard and Collard) begs to solocit a trial of his Piano-fortes, finished with Stewart's patent hopper, which entirely prvents blocking, and at the same time imparts greater elasticity and power to the touch. Lists and sheets of designs forwarded post-free. 275, Euston-road, London, near the London and North Western and Great Northern Stations." The Musical Times, 01/02/1860, p. 1 (archive.org)

 

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1860

See also IVORY and James STEWART

275, Euston Road (*1860), London
ALLSOPP J. W.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1833

 

 (**1833), Nottingham
ALLUM Thomas 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842 Upper Rosoman Street, Clerkenwell (x1842), London
ALMAN L. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1836 27, Bath Street (x1836), Bristol
AMBRIDGE Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1890

AMBRIDGE H. & Son (*1914)(*1915)

Fountayne Road, Broad Lane, South Tottenham, N. (*1914)(*1915), London
AMBROSE C. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842 47, Seymour Street, Euston Square (x1842), London
AMOS & Son Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1901 61, Anersley Road, S.E. (**1901), London
AMYL 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 Birmingham
ANDERSON Andrew

1848 - "EDWARD GOULBURN, Esq, one of Her Majesty's Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy, bearing date the 17th day of November 1847, awarded and issued forth against Andrew Anderson, of No. 83, Great Titchfield-street, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Maker, will sit on the 5th day of February next, at one o'clock in the afternoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, in Basinghall-street, in the city of London, in order to Audit the Accounts of the Assignees of the estate and effects of the said bankrupt under the said Fiat, pursuant to the Acts of Parliament made and now in force relating to bankrupts." The London Gazette for the year 1848, p. 148

1848 - "EDWARD GOULBURN, Esq. one of Her Majesty's Commissioners authorized to act under a Fiat in Bankruptcy awarded and issued forth against Andrew Anderson, of No. 83, Great Titchfield-street, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Maker, will sit on the 5th day of February next, at one of the clock in the afternoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, Basinghall-street, in the city of London (by adjournment from the 8th of January instant), in order to take the Last Examination of the said bankrupt; when and where he is required to surrender himself, and make a full discovery and disclosure of his estate and effects, and finish his examination." The London Gazette for the year 1848, p. 181

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842-48

Bankrupt in 1847.

1848 - "HEREAS the Court, authorized to act in the prosecution of a Fiat in Bankruptcy issued and now in prosecution against Andrew Anderson, of No. 83, Great Titchfield-street, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte Maker, bearing date the 17th of November 1847, has, on the application of the said bankrupt, appointed a public sitting under such Fiat to be held before, Edward Goulburn, Esq. one of Her Majesty's Commissioners of the Court of Bankruptcy, on the 3d day of March next, at one o'clock in the afternoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, in Basinghall-street, in the city of London, for the allowance of the Certificate of the said bankrupt's conformity to the laws in force at the time of issuing such Fiat, according to the form and subject to the provisions of the Statute, passed in the Parliament holden in the fifth and sixth years of the reign of Her present Majesty, intituled “An Act for the amendment of the law of bankruptcy;” this is to give notice, that such Court will sit, at the time and place above mentioned, for the purpose aforesaid, when and where any of the creditors of the said bankrupt may be heard against the allowance of such, Certificate, and the same will be allowed, unless cause be then and there shewn to the contrary, or such other order will be made therein as the justice of the case may require." The London Gazette for the year 1848, p. 530

 

10, Cirencester Place, Fitzroy Square (x1842), 83, Great Titchfield Street, Middlesex (*1843)(1847)(*1848), London
ANDERSON Jane or Joanna  

'Grand and Square Piano-Forte-Maker' ca. 1806-08

ANDERSON & Co (untill 1808)

Bankrupt in 1808 : "The commissioners in a Commission of Bankrupt, bearing Date, the 7th of May 1808, awarded and ifued forth against Joanna Anderson, of Dean-Street, Soho ; of Piano-Forte-Maker, Dealer and chapman (trading under the Firm of Anderson and company) intend to meet on, the 30th Day of April instant, at Twelve of the Clock at Noon, at Guildhall, London, in order to make a Dividend of the Estate and Effects of the said Bankrupt; when and where the Creditors, who have not already proved their Debts, are to come prepared to prove the fame, or they will be excluded the Benefit of the said Dividend. And a Claims not theri proved will be disallowed." The London Gazette, 02/04/1811, p. 615 - and - The European Magazine, and London Review, Volume 53,1808, p. 488

 

[62], Dean Street, Soho (*1807)(*1808), London
ANDERSON Robert Rust  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1855

1855 - "Robert Anderson Rust, Regent-st, Portland-place, Middlesex, pianoforte maker: in the Debtors Prison for London and Middlesea." The Jurist, 1855, p. 155

 

Regent Street, Portland Place, Middlesex (**1855), London
ANDERSON William  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1835-58

"The Matters of the PETITIONS and Schedules of the PRISONER hereinafter named (the same having been filed in the Court) are appointed to be heard at the Court-House, in Portugal Street, Lincoln’s-Inn-Fields, on Monday the 7th day of December 1835, at Nine o’Clock in the Forenoon. [...]William Anderson, formerly of No. 1, William Street, Manchester-Square, afterwards of No. 49, Wigmore-Street, Cavendish Square, and late of No. 111, Albany-Street, Regent's-Park, all in Middlesex, Piano Forte-Maker, and lately out of business." The London Gazette, 13/11/1835, p. 2123

 

34, Great Ormonde Street (*1858), London
ANDERSON William Henry

 

Patent of 1861 : "1807. Benjamin Johnson, of Surrey-place, Kennington-park, and William Henry Anderson, of Stockwell-place, for pianofortes.— Dated July 18, 1861." The Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements, 1862, p. 168

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1861

JOHNSON & ANDERSON (***1862), see also JOHNSON

 

Stockwell Place (***1862), London
ANDREWOS W.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1910

 

3, Crampton Street (*1910), Bradford
APPELMAN Adam 'Pianoforte-maker' before 1804 (3) Saint Marylebone, Middlesex, (1804)(3), London
ARCHER W. F.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1875-1910

ARCHER & Sons (*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

 

62, South Castle Street, W. (*1875), 41-49, Lord Street (*1906)(*1909), 73, Lord Street (*1910), Liverpool
ARDING & HOBBS Ltd. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1916-19 15-17, St. John's Road, Clapham Junction, S.W. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
ARISTOS PLAYER PIANO Co 'Player-pianoforte-maker' ca. 1917 5, Urswick Road, Homerton, N.E. (*1917), London
ARLE H. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1904 135, Rendlesham Road, Lower Clapham, N.W. (**1904), London
ARNALL H. B. & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' (date ?) London
ARNOLD George Brindley 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1895  

13, Langley Lane, South Lambeth Road, S.W. (**1895), London

 

ARNOLD H.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895-1910

ARNOLD F. H. (*1903)(*1906)(*1910)

 

550, B. Holloway Road, N. (*1895), 83, William Street (*1895)(*1897), 262, Eccesall Road (*1903)(*1906)(*1910), Sheffield
ARNOLD John 'Pianoforte-makers' since 1880

ARNOLD J. & Co (??)

 

New Wharf Road, Wharfdale Road, Kings Cross (*1893), 550b, Holloway Road, N.W. (**1891)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903), 558-560, b. Holloway Road, N. (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London

 

ARNSBY Frederick 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1916-19 113, Cottenham Road, Upper Holloway, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
ARROWSMITH Brothers 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1893 5, High Street, Hampstead, N.W. (*1893), 59, Archway Road, Highgate, N. (*1893), London
ASCHERBERG E.  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1915

ASCHERBERG E. & Co (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)

ASHERBERG, SIGWOOD & Crew (*1910)

ASHERBERG, HOPWOOD & CREW Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

 

 

71, Queen Street, E.C. (**1882), 19, Baker Steet, Portman Square, W. (**1884), 211, Regent Street (*1893), 46, Berners Street, W. (**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), 16, Mortimer Street, W. (*1910)(*1914)(*1915), 16, Wells Mews, Oxford Street, W. (*1914), London

 

ASHDOWN  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10

 

19, Hanover Square, W. (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
ASHENHURST John Talbot  

Patent of 1853 : "658. John Talbot Ashenhurst, of Upper John-street, Fitzroy-square, in the county of Middlesex, Pianoforte-maker, for Improvements in pianofortes.—Dated March 17, 1853. Sealed November 14, 1853." The Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements ..., 1853, p. 476

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1853   Upper John Street, Fitzroysquare, Middlesex (*1853), London
ASHTON Josiah 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904 Scholefield Buildings, Scholefield Road, Horsney Rise, N. (**1904), London
ASHTON William Henry   'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-84 97, Burdett Road, E. (**1882)(**1884), London
ASTER Henry  

Square pianoforte 1800-25, Penobscot Marine Museum, Searsport, M.E., U.S.

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1806-08 London
ASTOR George  

Square pianoforte ca. 1784-98, Metropolian Museum of Art, New York, N.Y., U.S.
Square pianoforte ca. 1800, nameboard, The Schureck Piano Collection, Berowra Heights, NSW, Australia

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1778-1800

Brother of John Jacob ASTOR, just below.

 

26, Wych Street (*1794), 79, Cornhill (1800), London
ASTOR John Jacob  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1778

He was a flute maker from Germany, but moved to U.S, and became an instrument dealer.

 

London
ASTOR George Peter & Comp.

(1752 - 1813)

 

ASTOR Georg

Square pianoforte n° 1491 ca. 1798-1800, Ron Shaffer, Schenectady, N.Y., U.S.

ASTOR & CO

Square pianoforte ca. 1807, Radbon Collection, Germany
Square pianoforte n° 1909 ca. 1810, owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 1900 ca. 1810, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, M.D., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 2752 ca. 1811, Museum odf Fine Arts, Boston, M.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 2839 ca. 1811, Yale Collection od Musical Instruments, New Haven, C.T., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 3018 ca. 1811-12, The Schubert Club, St. Paul, M.N., U.S.

Square pianoforte n° 3125 ca. 1811-12, Bill Polhill Collection, Staunton, V.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte  n° 3243 ca. 1811-12, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., U.S.

Square pianoforte n° 3488 ca. 1812-15, Meier Collection, Cooperstown, M.E., U.S.
Square pianoforte ca. 1815, Stratford Historical Society, Stratford, U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 5894 ca. 1825, Yale Collection od Musical Instruments, New Haven, C.T., U.S.
etc. etc. etc.

ASTOR & HORWOOD

Square pianoforte n° 270, Swedish Museum of Performing Arts, Stockholm, Sweden
Square pianoforte ca. 1810, Present owners unknown
Square pianoforte n° 414 (?) ca. 1815, Phillips School, Lake Erie College, Painesville, O.H., U.S.

Square pianoforte n° 4967 ca. 1818,
Swedish Museum of Performing Arts, Stockholm, Sweden
Square pianoforte n° 4975 ca. 1818, Cité de la Musique, Paris, France
Square pianoforte ca. 1820, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, Canada
Square pianoforte n° 5134 ca. 1815-20, James Knox Polk Home, Columbia, T.N., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 5231 ca. 1815-20, Scripps College, Departement of Music, Claremont, C.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 5268 ca. 1815-20, Marlowe A. Sigal Collection, Newton Center, M.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 5370 ca. 1820, Musikinstrumenten-Museum, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Square pianoforte n° 5498 ca. 1815-16, New Bern Historical Society New Bern, N.C., U.S.
Square pianoforte ca. 1820, St. Aldate's, Faculty of Music, Oxford, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 5505 ca. 1820, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg, Bayern, Germany

Square Pianoforte n° 5881 ca. 1815-22, The National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., U.S.

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1807-31

His widow succeeded him in 1815.

GEROCK, ASTOR & Co (1815-22), see also GEROCK

ASTOR & Co (*1822)(x1825)

ASTOR & HORWOOD (1814-18), see HORWOOD

"Dissolutions of partnership from june 27 to saturday july 25, 1818
[...] Astor E., and Horwood, G. Cornhill, musical-instrument manufucturers." The European Magazine, and London Review, 1818, p. 81

ASTOR & WEBB (18??)

Succeeded by GUNTHER and   Robert WOLF

FIRE

"20 July 1822 [...] Same day. - Astor and Co. musical-instrument makers, in Tottenham-street, were entirely consumed by fire." Monthly Magazine, Or, British Register, Volume 54, 1822, p. 85 - and - "20.—Saturday evening a fire broke out in the premises of Mr. Astor, piano-forte manufacturer, Tottenham Street, Tottenhamcourt Road. It was supposed to have been occasioned by a lighted candle communicating with some of the shavings. The fire for some time raged with much fury, but, by the timely arrival of some engines, and a speedy supply of water, many of the adjoining premises were saved, particularly a coach manufactory at the back, which was but slightly injured. Some small tenements were destroyed, but the fire having broken out so early in the evening prevented much mischief, and probably saved some lives." The New Annual Register, Or, General Repository of History, Politics, Arts ..., 07/1823, p. 68

 

Cornhill (xx1814)(xx1818), 79, Cornhill (**1822)(x1825), Tottenham Street, Tottenhamcourt Road (xx1823), London
ASTOR W. H.  

'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1823-25

Bankrupt in 1823, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 14, 1823, p. 367

ASTOR & LUCAS (x1825)

 

Sun Street, Bishopsgate Street (*1823), 62n Sun Street, Bishopsgate (x1825), London
ATLAS Mus. Ca. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1903-010 103, Meadow Street (*1903)(*1906)(*1910), Sheffield
ATKINS Henry  

"H. ATKINS, From Allison and Allison London. Late with messrs. Sabin & Tolkien, Music Sellers, Birmingham. Pianoforte & Harmonium Maker. - 33, Islington Row, Five Ways, Birmingham." Corporation general and trades directory of Birmingham ... and Wolverhampton, 1861, p. 53

 

'Pianoforte & harmonium-maker' ca. 1861-62

Worked before by ALLISON & ALLISON London, on this page

33, Islington Row, Five Ways (xx1861)(xx1862), Birmingham
ATKINS John  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874

 

Chestnut Road, Tottenham  (**1874), London
AUGENER  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1872-1910

AUGENER & Co (*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

Exhibitors List London, 1872

 

New Burlington Street, W. (*1906), 199, Regent Street, W. (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
AVERY John  

'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1790

Bankrupt in 18th december 1790, A list of bankrupts ... from Jan. 1, 1786, to June 24, 1806

 

Charles Street, Westminster (1790), London
AVILL Elisabeth  

1871 - "NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between the undersigned, Elizabeth Avill and Charles Isaac Smart, in the trade or business of Piano Forte Manufacturers, carried on at Nos. 14 and 15, Holywell-row, Shoreditch, in the county of Middlesex, under the style and firm of Avill and Smart, was this day dissolved by mutual consent; and that the said trade or business will for the future be carried on by the said Charles Isaac Smart and William Avill, under the style or firm of Avill and Smart. All debts owing by the late partnership will be paidand all debts due will be received by the said Charles Isaac Smart and William Avill. — Witness our hands this 22nd day of June, 1871. Elizabeth Avill. Charles Isaac Smart." The London Gazette, 30/06/1871, p. 3025 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1870-95

AVILL & SMART untill 1871

Established in 1815 (**1891)(**1895)

Succeeded by Charles SMART

 

[14-15], Holywell Row, Shoreditch, E.C. (*1870)(**1871), Tabernacle Square, Finsbury, E.C. (**1882), Apollo Works, Tabernacle Square, Finsbury, E.C. (**1884), Wood Street, Finsbury, E.C., Apollo Works, 75-85, Tabernacle Street, Short Street (**1891)(**1895), Glover Street (**1895), Singer Street, Finsbury, E.C. (**1895) (**1891), London

 

 

 

(*1794): 'Kent's Directory for the Year 1794. Cities of London and Westminster, & Borough of Southwark', 1794 (londonancestor.com)

(*1807): 'The Post office London directory', 1807, p. 9 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1808): 'The European Magazine, and London Review', Volume 53,1808, p. 488

(xx1814): 'The London Gazette', 21/06/1814, p. 1287

(xx1818): 'The European Magazine, and London Review', 1818, p. 81

(*1820): 'The European Magazine, and London Review, Volume 77, 1820, p. 565

(**1822): 'History, Directory & Gazetteer, of the County of York: With Select Lists of ...', 1822, p. 34

(*1823): 'Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine', Volume 14, 1823, p. 367

(xx1823): 'The New Annual Register, Or, General Repository of History, Politics, Arts ...', 07/1823, p. 6

(**1824): 'The Harmonicon', 07/1824, p. 268

(x1825): 'Pigot & Co.'s new commercial directory of Scotland for 1825', p. 907-908-914 (digital.nls.uk)

(*1831): 'The London journal of arts and sciences and repertory of patent inventions ..., William Newton', 1831, p. 357

(*1832): 'The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year 1832', Volume 73, 1832, p. 451

(**1833): 'Louis Spohr's Grand Violin School: From the Original German', 1833, p. 12-13

(x1836): 'Mathews's Annual Bristol Directory and Commercial List: Being an Entire ...', 1836, p. 233

(*1837): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the Progress', 1837, p. 235

(**1839): 'The Musical World, A Weekley Record of Musical Science Literature and ...', 1839, p. 48

(**1841): 'Post Office London Directory', 1841, p. 807 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(x1842): 'Robson's London Directory', 1842, p. 1598 -1599(archive.org)

(*1843): 'The Post Office London Directory', 1843

(*1846): 'Slater's National Commercial Directory of Ireland', 1846

(**1846): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences', 1846, p. 66

(*1848): 'The London Gazette for the year 1848', p. 181+148

(**1848): 'Hunt & Co.'s directory & topography for the cities of Exeter and Bristol, etc', 1848, p. 15

(x1850): 'The London Gazette', 08/10/1850, p. 2674

(**1851): 'Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851', p. 465-469

(***1851): 'The catholic directory and ecclesiastical register: for the year 1851', p. 20

(xx1851): 'Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry', 1851, p. 362

(xxx1851): 'The Critic : A Record of Literature, Art, Music, Science, and the ...', 15/11/1851, p. 530

(y1851): 'The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1851, p. 3 (archive.org)

(**1852): 'Post Office London Directory', 1852 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1853): 'The Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements ...', 1853, p. 476

(y1854): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1854, p. 6 (archive.org)

(**1855): 'The Jurist', 1855, p. 155

(**1856): 'The Musical World', 06/09/1856, p. 561

(y1857): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1857, p. 2 (archive.org)

(*1858): 'Annuaire-almanach du commerce, de l'industrie, de la magistrature et de l'administration : ou almanach des 500.000 adresses de Paris, des départements et des pays étrangers : Firmin Didot et Bottin réunis', 1858, p. 2249

(*1860): 'The Musical Times', 01/02/1860, p. 1 (archive.org)

(xx1861): 'Corporation general and trades directory of Birmingham ... and Wolverhampton', 1861, p. 500

(*1862): 'International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department', 1862, p. 54

(**1862): 'Cassell's Illustrated Exhibitor: Containing about Three Hundred...', 1862, p. 284

(***1862): The Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements', 1862, p. 168

(xx1862): 'Business Directory of Birmingham', 1862, p. 157 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1865): 'The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international exhibition', 1865, p. 241

(*1867): 'Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867: Catalogue of the British Section, Great Britain. Imperial commission', Paris, 1967, p. 87-88

(**1867): 'Post Office Directory of Birmingham', 1867, p. 371

(***1867): 'The Illustrated London News', Volume 50, 09/03/1867, p. 234

(**1870): 'The 'Handbook' to the manufacturers & exporters of Great Britain', 1870, p. 367

(**1871): 'The London Gazette', 30/06/1871, p. 3025 (TheGazette.co.uk)

(*1872): 'Journal of the Society of Arts', Volume 20, 1872, p. 889

(**1874): 'Post Office Directory of Middlesex', 1874, p. 501 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1875): 'The Commercial directory of Liverpool, and shipping guide', 1875, Aberdeen p. 434, Dewsbury p. 656, London p. 608, Coventry p. 582, Bradford p. 567, Liverpool p. 274

(**1882): 'Post Office London Directory', 1882, p. 412 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1884): 'Business Directory of London', 1884, p. 618-619 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1891): 'Post Office London Trades Directory', 1891, p. 480-481 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1893): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1893, p. 656-664 (Gallica)

(*1895): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1895, p. 717-718 (Gallica)

(**1895): 'Post Office London Directory, 1895, p. 2038-2039 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1897): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1897, p. 834-841 (Gallica)

 

 

(**1901): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1901, p. 1050-1051 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1903): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1903, p. 1103-1110 (Gallica)

(**1904) : 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1904, p. 1129-1130 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1906): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique', 1906, p. 1091-1100 (Gallica)

(*1909): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1909, p. 1105-1113 (Gallica)

(*1910): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1910, p. 1144-1153 (Gallica)

(*1914): 'Post Office London Directory', 1914, p. 1837-1838 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1915): 'Post Office London Directory', 1915, p. 1796-1797

(*1916): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1916, p. 606 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1917): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1917, p. 592-593 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1918): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1918, p. 571-572 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1919): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1919, p. 555 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(1): 'Histoire de piano de 1700 à 1950', Mario Pizzi, 1983

(2): 'Makers of the Piano 1700-1820' and 'Makers of the Piano 1820-1860', Martha Novak Clinkscale, 1993

(3): Will of Adam Appelman, Piano Forte Maker of Saint Marylebone, Middlesex, Nationalarchives.gov.uk

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