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Pianoforte-makers in England

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Brand Image Info Addresses
       
LA CABRA  

Patent of 1856 : "2611. Joseph La Cabra, of Albany-street, for improvements in the action of piano-fortes." The London journal of arts and sciences (and repertory of patent inventions, 1856, p. 381

 
'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1855 Albany Street (***1856), London
LACEY J. & Sons 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1900 Enfield, London
LAFLEUR & Son Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 16, Green Street, Leicester Square (*1906)(*1910), London
LAMBERT Francis Burwood  

 

'Pianoforte-makers' since 1881  

11, Whitfield Street, Fitzroy Square, W. (**1891), Cressy Road, [Fleet Road], [Hampstead, N.W.] (*1895)(*1897)(*1914)(*1915), London

 

LAMBERT Thomas

 

 

Image of a patent of 1843, The London journal of arts and sciences and repertory of patent inventions ..., 1844, p. 477

 

Patent of 1842 : "THOMAS LAMBERT, of Regent's-park, musical instrument maker, for improvements in the action of cabinet piano-fortes. - Jan. 15." Repertory of patent inventions and other discoveries and ..., Volume 17, 1842, p. 127

Patent of 1843 : "To James Stewart, of Gloucester Crescent, Gloucester Gate, St. Pancras, piano-forte maker, and Thomas Lambert, of Albanystreet, St. Pancras, piano-forte maker, for improvements in the action of piano-fortes.—Sealed 29th April—6 months for inrolment." The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent Inventions, 1843, p. 412, see also James STEWART - or - "A.D. 1843, April 29. — N° 9716. STEWART, James, and LAMBERT, Thomas. — Improvements in the action of pianofortes. The first three improvements relate to the production in upright pianofortes of a good repeat and improvement in the tones.
1. The drawings represent a repeating check action cabinet pianoforte. The action is composed principally of a lever to the under part of which the top of the sticker is attached, a crank mounted on the lever, a check, a spring, and an escapement. When the key is pressed down the crank rises and throws the hammer to the string; at the same time a horizontal arm of the crank comes in contact with a button of the escapement, bringing the crank out of a notch in the hammer butt. At the same time a spring acting on the hammer butt brings back the hammer and its check.
2. An improved constructi on for upright pianofortes : — The improvement consists in a new combination of an elongated under hammer, with a block attached to the front of the back sticker, a wire spring attached to the front of the back sticker, and a block at the extremity of the latter extending under the former block.
3. A piece of wood faced with leather is attached to the fly of the jack, and from the under hammer is projected a wire spring with a block of wood at its extremity, which hangs down before the first-mentioned block. By means of the two blocks coming in contact the hammer is kept near the strings.
4. A mode of constructing grand square pianofortes : — By elongating the under surface of the under hammer head to an inclined plane it rests upon the jack at various points according to the force of the blow struck. The heel of the upper hammer is hollowed out and the upper surface of the under hammer made convex, a combination of form which increases the momentum of the hammer as it rises to the string.
5. In square pianofortes without a check we apply the im"proved form of the under hammer and the heel of the upper hammer as above described, by which means we obtain an improvement in the touch." Patents for Inventions: Abridgments of Specifications Relating to Paints, 1871, p. 142

Patent of 1852 : "To Thomas Lambert, of Hampstead-road, pianoforte-manufacturer. For certain improvements in pianofortes. Patent dated January 27, 1852." Mechanics' Magazine and Journal of Science, Arts, and Manufactures, Volume 57, 1852, p. 118

Patent of 1855 : "983. Thomas Lambert, of Harrington-square, for improvements in piano-fortes." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1855, p. 50

SEE ALSO ...

LAMBERT. G. in Le Havre, France

 

 

'Musical Instrument Maker' (**1842); 'Pianoforte-maker' (**1843)

STEWART & LAMBERT (**1843), see also STEWART James

LAMBERT & CO (x1851)

LAMBERT F. B. (*1893)(*1903)(*1909)(*1910), successor

LONDON - "In the mediaeval court, Messrs. Lambert and Co. exhibit an upright cottage, for its decorative qualities. The white keys are inlaid with an ornamental device, and the sharps are of tortoiseshell. We have already stated an objection to this kind of decoration." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1851, p. 35

"GREAT DECORATIVR AND MUSICAL ATTRACTION. - LAMBERT'S PRIZE PIANOFORTE. — To be Disposed of by Ticket, 220 Subscribers at One Guinea each, the splendid CARVED and GILT COTTAGE PIANOFORTE, exhibited by Messrs. Lambert and Co. in the Crystal Palace. - This Piano — so universally admired at the time as a unique and highly-wrought specimen of art, and which, after a lengthened examination by the Jury, among whom were Sir H. R. Bishop, Sir G. Smart, &c, gained the only Prize-Medal awarded to a Cottage Pianoforte, among the large number exhibited — has since been regilt and more highly decorated; and will, it is believed, be found the most beautiful instrument ever produced. It is constructed on the "Patent Repeater-Action" principle (of which Mr. Lambert was the inventor), and has been pronounced, by competent authorities, to be one of the most successful instances of the application of that principle.
Tickets, price One Guinea each; and any person taking Ten Tickets, or procuring Ten Subscribers, will be presented with an additional Ticket as a bonus. Tickets forwarded on the receipt of a Post-Office Order, made payable to Messrs. Lambert and Co., 17, Portman Street, Portman Square, at the Office, Old Cavendish Street. The Piano may be seen at the Makers' Rooms, as above." Publishers' circular and booksellers' record, 15/10/1852, p. 364

"LAMBERT And Co., PATENT PIANOFORTE MANUFACTURERS, Warehouses, 314, Oxford-street, two doors from entrance to Hanover-square. Lambert and Co.'s Pianos have become so celebrated, both at home and abroad, that they need only call the attention of all who wish for a first-rate Pianoforte to their late improvements in the "Patent Repetition Check Action" Pianofortes and "Patent Regulating Hoppers." These instruments are warranted, for touch, tone, and durability, as not to be surpassed, if equalled, by any maker in London; while the cost is much under other first-rate houses. They have only to be tried to be approved, and are especially adapted for export. Lists supplied gratis. The "Check Action" advertised by other houses was Mr. Lambert's solo invention, but is now greatly improved, and am only be applied by him in its perfection. It is necessary to mention this, as disappointment has often been the consequents of applying to other parties, "We recommend these instruments from personal experience of their character, and a knowledge of the admirable principles upon which they are constructed, the my best materials and worlmanship alone being employed." — Court Journal Pianofortes let on hire, tuned, and repaired, also taken in exchange. Alexandre's Harmoniums from Six guineas upwards, of which a list may be had on application." The Musical World, Volume 35, 21/03/1857, p. 192

Prize medal London, 1851

Regent's Park (**1842), Albanystreet, St. Pancras (**1843), Hamstead Road (*1852), 17, Portman Street, Portman Square (*1852), Harrington Square (**1855), 314, Oxford Street (x1857), 11, Whitfield Street, Tottenham Court Road, W.C. (*1893), Cressy Road, Fleet Road (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
LAMIS  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1872

Exhibitors list London, 1872

 

London
LANCASTER Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893-1910 72, Hunslet Road (*1893), 263, Hunslet Road (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Leeds
LANCASTER Charles 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 82, Mildmay Park, N. (**1884), London
LANCASTER E. J.  Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895-1909 157, Oriel Road, Bootle (*1895)(*1906)(*1909), Liverpool
LANDRETH John  

Patent of 1787 : "March 31, 1787. — JOHN Landreth. (1) Centring the jack in square piano with cork. (2) The same, or some woolly substance manufactured after the manner of a hat, is introduced in the upright pianoforte." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 195 (archive.org)

 
'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1787 London ?
LANE William Henry  

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1904-19

'From Broadwood & Sons'

211, South Lambeth Road, S.W. (**1904)(*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
LANGE H. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1909 13-14, Camomile Street, E.C. (*1909), London
LANGHAM Jackson Henry Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1904-19 204a, Battersea Park Road, S.W. (**1901)(**1904), 429, Battersea Park Road, S.W. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
LANGHAUS Justus  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1840

Insolvent debtor, in debtors prison in 1840, The London Gazette, 15/05/1840, p. 1220

 

20, Wardour Street, Soho, Middlesex (xx1840), London
LARG & Sons 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1914 16, New Oxford Street, W.C. (*1909), London
LARKINS Matthew 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-1910

LARKINS Matthew & Sons (**1895)

13, New North Road, Hoxton Ch., N. (**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
LARWAY J. H. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 14, Wels Street, W. (*1906)(*1910), London
LATCHFORD Frederick Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1916-18 48, Windsor Road, Hollyway, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918), London
LATHAM J.

 

"LATHAM, J., Wholesale and Export Pianoforte Manufacturer, 28, Howland-street, Fitzroy-square." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 8 (archive.org)

 

'Wholesale and export Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1850-57 28, Howland Street, Fitzroy Square (*1850)(y1851)(y1854)(y1857), London
LATOUR Francis Tatton

(? - 1845)

 

NECROLOGY

"Mr. Latour. —  Last week, in Paris, died, at an advanced age, Mr. Latour, once a popular teacher of and writer for the pianoforte; also pianist to the Prince Regent, and for some years partner with Mr. Chappell, music publisher, New Bond Street. Mr. Latour had realized a handsome fortune, which, however, was greatly reduced of late, owing to imprudent speculations." The Musical World, 08/05/1845, p. 220

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker', composer, pianiste and publisher ca. 1811-26

CHAPPELL & LATOUR (**1820), see also CHAPPELL

 

Bond Street (**1820), 50, Bond Street (**1826), London
LAURENCE Alex & Sons  

'Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1864

End : ca. 1927

 

Leicester
LAURENCE & NASH  

'Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1982

End : 1991

 

Ortley
LAURINAT & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895 41, Berners Street, W. (**1895), London
LAURENT C. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893

See also  F. MESNAGE

London
LAW George A. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 bd. Mrs. E. H. Law (*1874), Woburn
LAWRENCE Claude William Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1918-19 78, Leathwaite Road, Battersea Rise, S.W. (*1918)(*1919), London
LAWRENCE & Co  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1896-1917

LAWRENCE & Co (**1896)

LAWRENCE E. & Co (**1901)(**1904)(*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)

 

Rye Lane, Peckham, S.E. (**1896), 227, Rye Lane, Peckham, S.E. (**1901)(**1904)(*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
LAWRENCE John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-95 9, Barnsbury Street, Islington, N. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(**1895), London
LAWRENCE William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1849-57 3, Bailgate (*1849), 258, High Street (*1857), Lincoln
LAWSON Henry  

1827 - "Pursuant to a Decree of the High Court of Chancery, made in a cause Bachhoffner v. Bachhoffner, the Creditors of William Bachhoffner and Henry Lawson, late of John-Street, Tottenham-Court-Road, in the County of Middlesex, Piano-Forte-Makers (under the trusts of an indenture of the 12th day of January 1813, in the pleadings in the said cause mentioned), are, by their Solicitors, forthwith to come in and prove their debts before John Edmund Dowdeswell, Esq. one of the Masters of the said Court, at his Office, in Southampton-Buildings, Chancery-Lane, London, or in default thereof they will be excluded the benefit of the said Decree." The London Gazette, 1827, p. 248

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1796-1827

BACHHOFFNER William & LAWSON Henry (**1827), see also BACHHOFFNER William

Bankrupt in 15 november 1796, The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure, 1796, p. 382 - and -  A list of bankrupts ... from Jan. 1, 1786, to June 24, 1806, p. 92

Edward Street, Soho (*1796), John Street, Fitzroy Square (*1803), 5, Nassau Street, Middlesex Hospital (**1822), 15, Nassau Street, Middlesex Hospital (x1825), John Street, Tottenham Court Road, Middlesex (**1827), London
LAWSON Joseph 'Musical Instrument maker' ca. 1822 198, Tottenham Court Road (**1822), London
LAYTON Edward

 

"LAYTON, E., Patent Pianoforte Manufacturer, 121, St. John-street, Clerkenwell, and 18, Goulden-terrace, Islington." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 8 (archive.org)

 
'Patent Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1850-84 121, St. John Street, Clerkenwell (*1850)(y1851)(**1852)(y1854)(y1857), 18, Goulden Terrace Islington (*1850)(y1851)(y1854)(y1857), 309, Upper Street, N. (**1882)(**1884), [Islington Place], Cloudesley Road, N. (**1882)(**1884), Church Street, Islington, N. (**1882), London
LEA W.  Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895-1909 50, Church Street (*1895)(*1906)(*1909), Liverpool
LEACH F. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893 157, Westgate (*1893), Birmingham
LEACH J.  

"J. Leach - Piano-Forte and Music Seller, Teacher of Piano-Forte, Organ, and Singing. Piano-Fortes Tuned & Old ones taken in exchange. Top of Westgate, Bradford." Lunds' Bradford Directory; comprising the names, occupation, places of ..., 1856, p. 45

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1856 Top of Westgate (*1856), Bradford
LEAKEY John Arundel  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1910

LEAKEY & CO (**1882)

LEAKEY John Arundel (**1891)(**1895)

LEAKEY J. & CO (*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

 

183, Offord Road, N. (**1882), Lion Pf. Works, 10, Balmoral Grove, Brewery Road, Caledonian Road, N. (**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(**1895), 18, Balmoral gro Brewery Road, Caledonian Road(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London

 

LE BLOND F.  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1850 ?

 

 

London

 

LE BLOND William

(ca. 1735 - 1808)

 

Square pianoforte ca. 1789, Musikinstrumenten Museum, Berlin, Germany
PSquare pianoforte 'G. Le Blond London' ca. 1789, Private Collection
Square pianoforte ca. 1792,  Gruuthusemuseum, Brugge, Belgium

 

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1800

Worked probably only in France, but used "London" mentionned on his pianofortes only for commercial reasons.

SEE ALSO ...

  LE BLOND in Dunkerque, France 

 

 

London ?

Dunkerque, France

 

LEE Alfred M. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 48, Globe Road, E. (**1884), London
LEE Charles Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 61, Burlington Street (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Manchester
LEE E. J. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893 341, Glossop Road (*1893), Sheffield
LEE James Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-1910 13, Hall Street, City Road, E.C. (**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
LEEMAN Frederick 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1890 3, Warwick Place, Bedford Row (**1852), 4, Cleveland Street, Fitzroy Square (**1852), London
LEER Albert 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15 Hanover Road, Hanover Street, Islington, N. (*1914)(*1915), London
LEGG John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-93 40, Robert Street, Hampstead Road, N.W. (**1882)(**1884), 13, Robert Street, Hampstead Road, N.W. (*1893), London
LEGGOTT Thomas & Co Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1845-46 35, Upperhead Row (*1845)(*1846), Leeds
LEONARD & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1906-10 311, Oxford Street, W. (*1906)(*1910), London
LE PLASTRIER Fraser 'Pianoforte- and cabinet-maker' ca. 1852 18, Cursitor Street (**1852), London
LESLIE, KING & Co  

Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers since 1900

 

London
LESWEIN  

'Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1920

End : ca. 1962

BRANDS

CLASSIC
GRANDE
HEALY
LESWEIN
REGENT

 

London
LETHBRIDGE Thomas  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1818-25

 

2, Upper John Street, Golden Square (*1818)(x1825), London
LEUKFELD Ludewig Augustus
| LIEUKFIELD | Lendevig

(? - 1810)

 

Nameplate of a square piano n° 314, hammerfluegel.info

Click on the photo to enlarge

Square pianoforte ca. 1790, Sold by Sotheby's, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte ca. 1805, Monart Piano Collection, Ireland, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 314, (>more photos), hammerfluegel.info

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1790-1811

NECROLOGY

"Deaths. Nov. 30 [...] Mr. A. Leukfeld, of Mill-hill, Hendon, and Tottenham-street." The Gentleman's Magazine (London, England), Volume 108, 1810, p. 662 - and - "DIED. [...] In Tottenham-street, Fitzroy-square, Mr. Augustus Leukfeld, well known as one of the must eminent piano-forte manufacturers of the present day." The Monthly Magazine, 1810, p. 572

"Court of Chancery, bearing date the 2d day of August 1814, made in two several Causes, Gordon against Bartram and Bartran against Gordon, the Creditors of Lendevig August Leukfeld, late of Tottenham-Street, in the Parish of St. Pancras, in the County of Middlesex, Piano-Forte-Maker, deceased, the testator in the said Decree named (who died on or about the 22d day of November 1810), are forthwith to come in and prove their debts before Sir John Simeon, Bart. one of the Masters of the said Court, at his Chambers, in Southampton-Build. ings, Chancery-Lane, London, or in default thereof they will be excluded the benefit of the said Decree." The London Gazette, 09/02/1822, p. 245

27, Tottenham Street (*1808), Mill-hill, Hendon (*1810), Tottenham Street, in the Parish of St. Pancras (*1810), London
LEVESQUE  

"Messrs. Levesque, Edmeads, and Co., Pianoforte Manufacturers, 40, Cheapside, respectfully inform their friends and the public, that in addition to their establishment at Pitfield-street, Hoxton, they have taken the above premises, where they intend supplying, cither for sale or hire, the same description of instrument that has gained them so liberal a share of public and professional patronage during the last sixteen years. Instruments tuned, repaired, and taken in exchange. Second-hand instruments by various makers.
N.B. An assortment of concertinas, new and second-hand, for sale or hire." The Musical Times, 01/11/1848, p. 65

"Levesque, Edmeades, & Co., Patent Pianoforte Makers. 40, Cheapside." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 8 (archive.org)


 

'Patent Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-55

LEVESQUE Mrs. E. (**1841)

LEVESQUE E. (x1842)

LEVESQUE, EDMEADES & Co (x1848)(*1850)(**1852), see also EDMEADES

PARIS - "1993 Levesque, Edmeades et Cie, à Londres, A. — Piano.
1993 Levesque, Edmeades, and Company, 40 Cheapside, London. Pianofortes."
Paris universal exhibition, 1855, p. 70

Exhibitors list Paris, 1855

8, Haberdasher's Walk, Hoxton (**1841)(x1842)(**1852), Pitfield Street, Hoxton (x1848), 40, Cheapside (x1848)(*1850)(y1851)(**1852)(*1855), London

 

LEWIS Charles  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1828-29

 

14, Shaw's Brow (**1828), 15, Shaw's Brow (**1829),  Liverpool
LEWIS C. J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895-1909 3, Jeffrey's place, Pr. Street (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), London
 

LEWIS, HOUSTON & CO

 

'Pianoforte-maker' (date ?)

Successor of BLAND John

London
LEWIS J. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1836 14, Upper Arcade (x1836), Bristol
 

LEWIS Thomas Christopher

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1866

Patent of 1866 : "Lewis. 11th September 1866. - 2335. Thomas Christopher Lewis, of Brixton, in the County of Surrey, Pianoforte Maker, for an invention for Improvements in the construction of pianofortes. Provisional protection only." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents, 1867, p. 162

 

Brixton, in the County of Surrey
 

LEWIS William

 

 

"Patent Piano Fortes, WITH EXTRA ADDITIONAL KEYS, MANUFACTURED BY W. LEWIS, NO. 76, ST. MARTIN'S LANE.
W. LEWIS has the honour to inform the Musical World, that he has on Sale Horizontal Grand, Cabinet, and Cottage Piano Fortes, with his new improvements, which render them superior to all others. These improvements consist in the Instrument being strung with a tempered steel wire, and in a simple apparatus for fixing on the wire and for tuning.
In other Piano Fortes the wire used is an iron mire imported from Germany — that used by W. Lewis (for which a Patent has been obtained) is made in this country from the purest cast steel, properly hardened and tempered. It is well known that the tone produced from steel is purer and more liquid than that from iron, and accordingly the Piano Fortes manufactured by W. Lewis will be found to possess a remarkably pure tone. This is not the only advantage that steel wire possesses: from its extreme tenacity, W. Lewis is enabled to add seven additional Notes to the Treble, increasing the compass from FF (the highest notes in other Pianos) to CCC. These notes are extremely brilliant, and may be introduced with great advantage in duets, &c. and will no doubt soon become general.
The method of tuning is by means of a screw, and combines great facility with extreme precision. It is so superior to the common mode,; that a lady, or even a child, can tune the instrument with the most perfect ease. This will be found an improvement of no small importance, particularly in the Country, where good tuners are rarely met with, or must be sought at a considerable distance.
The superiority of the wire used by W. Lewis has induced him to make Cottage Pianos with one string only to each note' They are admirably adapted for small rooms, or as an accompaniment to the voice. The power of these Pianos is far greater than might be supposed from one string, and in purity and sweetness of tone they surpass all others. The price of these little exceeds that of a good Square Piano.
All the Piano Fortes manufactured by W. Lewis are of the best workmanship, and warranted to stand well in tune, the wire being much less affected by a change of climate than the ordinary wire.
It will naturally be supposed that these instruments are more expensive than others; such is not, however, the case, no charge mhateverbeing made for the above improvements." Chess Problems: Being a Selection of Original Positions,to which are Added ..., 1827, p. 101

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' 1827-29

Bankrupt in 24 October 1828, The Bankrupt Directory: Being a Complete Register of All the Bankrupts, with ..., 1843, p. 256


(continuation)

"NEW PATENT HORIZONTAL GRAND, CABINET- AND COTTAGE
PIANO-FORTES, Manufactured by W. LEWIS, 103, St. MARTIN'S LANE.
W. LEWIS has the honour to inform the Nobility, Gentry, and the Public, that he has yeccntly made considerable improvements in the Manufacture of Piano-fortes, which he begs leavo to submit to their notice.
These improvements consist in using a tempered Steel Wire (for which a Patent has been obtained) instead of the German Iron Wire used by other makers; the advantages of the Patent Wire over that in common use, consist in giving a purer and more liquid tone, standing better in tune, and being less acted upon by changes in the weather.
The common method of tuning Piano-fortes is laborious and difficult to be acquired; W. L. has applied to his a new mode, which combines what has so long been wished for, extreme facility with the greatest precision: such, indeed, is the ease with which they are tuned, that a Lady, or even a Child, will find no difficulty in'tuning these Pianos. This advantage will be most particularly felt in the Country, where good Tunerg are rare, and must often be procured from a considerable distance.
The method of fixing on a Wire is also new and very easy, and as it always moves in a straight line, it very rarely breaks or produces false tunes.
The superior quality of Tone and tenacity of the Patent Wire has enabled W. L. to add Seven additional Treble Notes to his Pianos, extending the Compass to
Seven Octaves; these extra notes have a peculiar quality and brilliancy of Tone. The superior quality of Tone and tenacity of the Patent Wire has enabled W. L. to add Seven additional Treble Notes to his Pianos, extending the Compass to Seven Octaves; these extra notes have a peculiar quality and brilliancy of Tone.
It will naturally be supposed that these Instruments are more expensive than others : much is not, however, the case, as W. L. makes no Additional Charge whatever for the above-mentioned Improvements." The Harmonicon, Volumes 4-10, 03/1828, p. 150

"PATENT SEVEN-OCTAVE PIANO-FORTES, WITH THE NEW METHOD OF TUNING. W. LEWIS begs leave to inform the Musical World, that being about to quit his present residence. No. 113, St. Martin's Lane, he offers his Stock of HORIZONTAL, GRAND, CABINET, and COTTAGE PIANO-FORTES, at extremely Low Prices, for Ready Money. These Instruments can be Tuned with the greatest ease and precision, will continue longer in Tune than any others, and are at the least equal in Touch and Tone to those of the most esteemed Makers." The Harmonicon, Volumes 4-10, 01/1829, p. 201

 

76, Saint Martins Lane (*1827), 103, Saint Martins Lane (*1828), 113, Saint Martin's Lane (*1829), London
LIDDINGTON Charles 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842 38, Newman Street, Oxford Street (x1842), London
 

LIDEL Joseph

 

 

Images of the patent of 1836, The London journal of arts and sciences, 1837, p. 395

 

 

Patent of 1836 : "To Joseph Lidel, of Arundel-street, Panton-square, in the county of Middlesex, professor of music, for certain improvements in piano-fortes, being a communication from a foreigner residing abroad.—Sealed 17th February —6 months for inrolment." The London journal of arts and sciences and repertory of patent inventions ..., 1836, p. 70 - More info about this patent : The London journal of arts and sciences, 1837, p. 134-141

 

'Professor of Music' ca. 1836

Images of the patent of 1836, The London journal of arts and sciences, 1837, p. 395

Arundel Street, Panton Square, Middlesex (*1836), London
LINCOLN LYMAN W. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 h. Railroad (*1874), Woburn
LINDSEY Frederick Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1914-15 2, Ellington Street, Liverpool Road, N. (*1914)(*1915), London
LING James 'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1848 High Street (**1848), Taunton
LINSTEAD George  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-93

He was also manager in 1882 of the COBDEN PIANOFORTE & HARMONIUM Co in London.

 

297, Upper Street, N. (**1891), 2, Oseney Crescent, Camden Road, N.W. (*1893), London
LINTER William  

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1848 Triangle Place (**1848), Teignmouth
LIPP Richard & Sohn  

German 'Pianoforte-maker' from Stuttgart since 1831.

But brand taken over by BENTLEY in 1971.

In 2001 Succeeded by WHELPDALE, MAXWELL & CODD

 

13, Hamsell Street, E.C. (**1895), 56? Berners Street (*1914), London
LISSACK Aaron & Co  

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15 185, Commercial Road, East, E. (*1914)(*1915), London
LITHERLAND Peter  

Patent of 1800 : "July 31, 1800. — Peter Litherland. A method of keeping [pianos, etc.] in tune by means of" helical and other springs." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 198

Patent of 1802 : "March 24, 1802. — Peter Litherland. Helical, spiral, or straight springs, for keeping the strings to their tension and the piano in tune." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 199 (archive.org)

 
'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1800-02 London ?
LITTLE Charles Edward 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1878

LITTLE C. E. & Sons (??)

 

6, Chalgrove Road, Morning Lane, Hackney, E. (**1884)(*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)((*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 496, Old Kent Road, S.E. (*1914)(*1915), 328, Essex Road, N. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

LIVINGSTONE & COOK 'Pianoforte-makers' since 1897 London
LOBLE Oscar
| LOBL
'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15 34, Hamsel Street, E.C. (*1914), 10, Bradford Avenue, E.C. (*1915), London
LOCK Horace Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1914-15 168, North End Road, W. (*1914)(*1915), London
LOCKE E. C.  

DUBLIN - "307 Locke, E. C. 36 Great Ducie st. Manchester. —Pianoforte; Peri campanula, or fairy bells, for solos or accompaniment; fairy pianettes (self-acting)." The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international exhibition, 1865, p. 241

 
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1865-97

LOCKE & Son[s] (*1893)(*1895)(*1897)

Patent of 1862 : "LOCKE. CLARK. 8th November 1862. - 3020, GEORGE LEWIS LOCKE, of Hampstead New Road, and JAMEs CLARK, of High Street, both in Kentish Town, in the County of Middlesex, Pianoforte Makers, for an invention for Improvements in the motive mechanism of pianofortes. Provisional protection only." Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents, 1863, p. 206

Exhibitors list Dublin, 1865

36, Great Ducie Street (*1865), 9-10, Palatine Buildings Victoria Street (*1895)(*1897), Manchester
LOCKE George Lewis

 

Patent of 1862 : "LOCKE. CLARK. 8th November 1862. - 3020, GEORGE LEWIS LOCKE, of Hampstead New Road, and JAMES CLARK, of High Street, both in Kentish Town, in the County of Middlesex, Pianoforte Makers, for an invention for Improvements in the motive mechanism of pianofortes. Provisional protection only." Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents, 1863, p. 206

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1863

LOCKE & CLARCK (**1863)

Hampstead New Road, Kentish Town (**1863), Middlesex, London
LOCKE John & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852 5, Charles Street, Drury Lane (**1852), London
LOESCHMAN David  

Patent of 1809 : "LOESCHMAN'S Improved Scale, and Instruments of Music. Some time previous to the year 1809, Mr. David Loeschman, piano-forte maker, of Newman Street, London, set about contriving more convenient modes of carrying into effect the improvements in piano-fortes, as to extending their scale, which the late Dr. Robert Smith, of Cambridge, had attempted, and partially accomplished on his harpsichord, some years prior to 1758; and he has described them in the 2d edition of his Harmonics, and in a pamphlet soon after published, as a postscript to it. Mr. Loeschman having succeeded in his attempts, he took out a patent, dated 26th July 1809, for his improvements on piano-fortes and organs, which made them capable of a scale of 24 sounds in each octave, without requiring any additional finger keys to the 12 in each octave before in use, and without requiring the use of the hand for moving any of the stops during performance, as Dr. Smith's instruments for 21 sounds did; these latter changes being now effected by means of pedals or levers, to be pressed by the feet whenever changes of sound become necessary during the performance or otherwise." Second American edition of the new Edinburgh encyclopædia, 1819, p. 110

Patent of 1811 : "IX. Description of the Drawings of Mr. Loeschman's Patent Harmonic Piano-Forte. [...][...]" Philosophical Magazine, Volume 38, Alexander Tilloch, 1811, p. 47-51 or "Mr. David Loeschman's (Newman-street) for improvements in the musical scales of keyed instruments with fixed tones." The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year 1811, Volume 53, Edmund Burke, 1812, p. 267

Patent of 1822 : "2161. David Loescham, Middlesex, musical-instrument-maker, and Jas. Allwright, Little Newport-street, Middlesex, cheesemonger, for an improved keyed musical instrument, comprising in itself many qualities never hitherto produced in one instrument, and possessmg those qualities in clearness of sound, quality, distinctness, forte piano, delicacy of touch, and shake on the keys or notes, by increasing to forte and decreasing to piano, at the will of the performer; communicated by a foreigner.—Jan. 14." English patents, 1847, p. 155

 

 

'Grand & Square Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1807-25

LOESCHMAN D. & Co (x1825)

"To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine,

Sir, The liberality which first induced you to afford me an opportunity of submitting to an impartial public, through the medium of your highly valuable publication, my claim to be considered the actual inventor of the improvements on the piano-forte, for which Mr. Loeschman obtained a patent, will, I trust, he extended, to allow me, for a moment, to trespass further on the patience of your numerous readers, whilst I briefly offer a few remarks on the conduct of the two gentlemen Mr. L. mentioned in his reply to mine of February last.
In these Mr. L. made a feeble attempt: to invalidate my statements, and to remove the impression they were calculated to make on the public mind, by endoavouring to establish two points.
-
First, that he was under no obligation whatever for any assistance from me in the construction of his instrument, either scientific, original, or mechanical; for, at the period when he first requested my attention, “though he had not one completed, yet he had many in hand with six pedals.”
Secondly, That all the scientific knowledge I pretended to have afforded him, as something exclusively my own, was to he found in Kercher’s and Dr. Smith’s Harmonics; though be omitted to inform your readers at what; part of either of those authors' works, the knowledge in question is to be found; and stating that, “it was from repeated interviews with an Honourable Gentleman and Dr. Kemp, he was induced and enabled to perfect his invention.”
My circumstantial refutation of all these particulars, by a full detail, of facts, dates, and an explicit statement of the information I actually aflforded Mr.
Loeschman, through, your kind indulgence, appeared in your Magazine for June last. And I flatter myself, I must have Fully substantiated my claim, and satisfied your readers of the veracity of all my respective statements. And, so conclusive, so unanswerable were these statements, that Mr. Loeschman has never since ventured the slightest animadversion on any one of my Charges or observations.
That Mr. Loeschman should introduce the name of Dr. Kemp, and allude to an Honourable Gentleman, in the hope of prejudicing the public by their united respectability against crediting my single assertion, is not at all surprising; but, that these gentlemen should seem by their tacit acquiescence to give currency to his misrepresentations, is Parlicularly, as soon as I had read Mr. Loeschman’s answer to my statements, and found their names implicated as supporting his misrepresentations, I waited upon Dr. Kemp and requested a few minutes‘ conversation with him; But received for answer, " he was so much engaged, he could not see me.” In consequence, I connnunicatcd my business by letter, requesting he would have the goodness to inform me what instructions he had afforded Mr. L. in the construction of his six-pedal instrument, and at what time. Though this was at the beginning of April, I have never yet received any answer.
About the same time, I also addressed a letter to the Honourable George Pomeroy, the gentleman to whom Mr. Loeschman alludes. It was delivered at his residence to a person who promised to give it him the moment he returned. The contents was similar to the one addressed to Dr. Kemp, but I have not been favoured with any reply.
I, therefore, thus publicly call upon the Hon. George Pomeroy and Dr. Kemp, either to disavow all participation in Mr. Loesclnnan's misrepresentations, or to substantiate by indubitable evidencé, that, previous to October 1308, they furnished Mr. Loesclnnan with the precise instructions which enabled him to construct his “six-pedal patent pianoforte.” Thomas Grenville
No. 24, Store-street, Dec. 2, 1812." The Monthly Magazine, Volume 35, 01/02/1812, p. 25-26

 

82, Newman Street, Oxford Street (*1807)(1809)(*1812)(*1814)(*1818)(*1820)(*1823)(x1825), London
LONDON MUSIC Co  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1914-15

 

54, Queen Street, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London
LONDON MUSIC PUBLISHING Co  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1891-95

Manager director : Thomas WARD (**1891)(**1895)

 

7, Great Marlborugh Street, W. (**1891)(**1895), London
LONDON MUSIC AGENCY Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 5, Clerkenwell Road, E. (*1906), Hutton Garden (*1910), London
LONDON PIANO EXCHANGE Ltd. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1914-15 6, Ramillies Place, W. (*1914)(*1915), London
LONDON PIANOFORTE Co 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1864

Managed by GEARY John (ca. 1870)

LONDON PIANOFORTE Co Ltd. (**1884)

End : 1928

 

79-81-83, Castle Road, Kentish Town, N. W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), 12, Kings Road (*1910), 14, Holmes Road, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), 81a, Leighton Road, N.W. (*1914), London

Ninston Street (*1903)(*1906), Sheffield

 

LONGMAN George & BATES Charles Theodore  

"LONGMAN AND BATES, ORGAN AND PIANO-FORTE MANUFACTURERS, 6, LUDGATE HILL,
Solicit the Nobility, Gentry, and the Public, to an inspection of their
IMPROVED SELF-PERFORMING CABINET PIANO-FORTES, possessing a greater extent of compass and power than has hitherto been attempted, with the addition of the Swell, giving that beautiful expression, to the piano, crescendo, and.forte passages, which is only heard from thescientific hand and taste of the Professor, which only a few years since it was supposed imp'ossiblc to accomplish by.mechanism. They perform a variety of pieces, with a precision and brilliancy of execution, and in a grandeur of style that lias excited the admiration of amateurs, and obtained the unqualified approbation of Professors of the higliest musical celebrity, particularly when accompanied by a player. Performers on the Piano-forte will find this a most desirable instrument, comprising, independent of its Self-performing Properties, an Elegant CABINET PIANO-FORTE, on the most appropriate principles, which, for richness of tone, and delicacy of touch, stands unrivalled. For QUADRILLE PARTIES, ASSEMBLY or BALL ROOMS, and in all situations where a performer is not present, it proves a valuable acquisition.
Cabinet Piano-fortes of the most superior description, in plain and elegant cases; improved Square Piano-fortes, with circular corners; Spanish Guitars, with the machine head; small finger Organs for private use; Second hand Organs for CHURCHES and CHAPELS, &c, from
£30.; Cabinet Pliino-fortes, from £20.; Square ditto from £10.
An ORGAN for CHURCH or CHAPEL, in an elegant OAK CASE, 16 feet high, 9 feet wide, long octaves, GG to P* in alt., two rows of kevs, octave of German Pedals, three shifting movements, &c. The great Organ contains eight stops; the swell to F below fiddle G contains four stops. This Instrument is offered to any PARISH or Committee of a CHAPEL. on hire, or an ANNUITY, or may be paid for by Instalments." The Harmonicon, Volumes 4-10, 01/1827, p. 85

 

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1825-29

LONGMAN & BATES (1826-29), see also BATES

 LONGMAN George (1834)

According M. Pizzi the firm become Thomas Charles BATES in 1834. Later Theodore BATES

6, Ludgate Hill (*1827), London
 

LONGMAN [John ?]

&

HERRON

 

'Musical Instrument maker' ca. 1817-22

LONGMAN & HERRON (1817)(1)(**1822)

131, Cheapside (**1822), London
LONGMAN James  

Nameboard square piano of 1782, Collection Alain Roudier, France

Nameplate of a square piano of 1785, hammerfluegel.info

Nameplate of a square pianoforte ca. 1790, The Monart Collection, Wexford, Ireland

Nameplate of a square piano n° 189, hammerfluegel.info

Click on the photos to enlarge

LONGMAN & BRODERIP

Square pianoforte of 1782, Collection Alain Roudier, France
Square pianoforte ca. ??, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Square pianoforte n° 189,
( more photos), hammerfluegel.info

Square pianoforte of 1785,
( more photos), hammerfluegel.info

Harpsichord ca. 1785, The Mobbs Keyboard Collection, Golden Bay, New Zealand

Square pianoforte ca. 1785, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1786, The Beurmann Collection, Hamburg, Germany
Square pianoforte ca. 1789, Pooya Radbon Collection, Allemagne
Square pianoforte ca. 1789, The Cobbe Piano Collection, Surrey, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1795, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, England, U.K.

Square pianoforte
n° 12 ca. 1778, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 34 ca. 1794-95 (??), present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 38 ca. 1795 (??), present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 55 ca. 1786, Dr. Andreas Beurmann Collection, Hamburg, Germany

Square pianoforte n° 107 ca. 1784, Private collection, Virum, Denmark
Square pianoforte n° 166 ca. 1790 (??), Colonial Williamsburg Found, Williamsburg, V.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 261 ca. 1784, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 361 ca. 1785 (??), present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 293 ca. 1792, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 424 ca. 1796 (??), present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 435 ca. 1796 (??), present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 606 ca. 1795 (??), Victoria & Albert Museum, London, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 870 ca. 1785, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 1185 ca. 1787-88, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 1199 ca. 1787, Marsha and Tony Head, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 1335 ca. 1788-89, Museo del Romaticismo, Madrid, Spain

Square pianoforte n° 1464 ca. 1790 (??), present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 1478 ca. 1788-89, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 1846 ca. 1788, Private Collection, Chiddingfold, Surrey, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 1926 ca. 1790 (??), Thomas Strange, Easley, S.C., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 2001 ca. 1792, Cobbe Collection, Hatchlands Park, Surrey, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 2093 ca. 1788-95, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 2171 ca. 1790, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte ca. 1790, The Monart Collection, Wexford, Ireland

Square pianoforte n° 2252 ca. 1791, Graham Walker, Dorchester, Dorset, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 2283 ca. 1791 (??), present owner unknown
Square pianoforte n° 2287 ca. 1791, Smith College Music Department, Northampaton, M.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 2310 ca. 1791, David Peebles, Ordinary, V.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 2359 ca. 1789
Square pianoforte n° 2361 ca. 1788
Square pianoforte n° 2405 ca. 1791, present owners unknown
Square pianoforte n° 2435 ca. 1791
Square pianoforte n° 2446 ca. 1792-95
Square pianoforte n° 2553 ca. 1795
Square pianoforte n° 2719 ca. 1792
Square pianoforte n° 2727 ca. 1788-93
Square pianoforte n° 2744 ca. 1792
Square pianoforte n° 2772 ca. 1792, Present owners unknown
Square pianoforte n° 3102 ca. 1794
Square pianoforte n° 3407 ca. 1794
Square pianoforte n° 3563 ca. 1794
Grand pianoforte ca. 1794-95, The Cobbe Piano Collection, Surrey, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 3661 ca. 1795
Grand pianoforte ca. 1795, The Cobbe Piano Collection, Surrey, England, U.K

Square pianoforte n° 4036 ca. 1797, Jeanine Manley, Falls, Church, V.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte n° 4202 ca. 1796-98
Square pianoforte ca. 1797, The Monart Collection, Wexford, Ireland

LONGMAN, CLEMENTI & CO

Upright grand pianoforte ca. 1799, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, Virginia, U.S.

"LONGMAN and BRODERIP, Manufacturers of Musical Instruments, and Music-sellers to his Royal Highness The Prince of Wales; No. 26, Cheapside, and No. 13, Haymarket, London. Manufacture and Sell, Wholesale, Retail, and for Exportation, by the King's Royal Letters Patent,
PATENT PIANO FORTES.
The construction ofthese Instruments exceeds all others in respect to Touch and Simplicity of it, which can never fail in the Operation; and their Clearess and Brilliancy of Tone is far superior to Conception. Soon as the Hammer strikes the String, it immediately falls back; whereas, in other Instruments, the Hammer dances on the Jack, and occasions a jarring Noice in the Tone. They are enfily kept in Regulation, and have met the general Approbation of the most esteemed Masters.
PATENT GRAND PIANO FORTES.
 (See next )


 

'Pianoforte-makers', pianoforte-dealers, and music publishers ca. 1769-89

LONGMAN & LUCKEY (1769 or 1794 ?)

LONGMAN & BRODERIP (1775-98)(*1786)(*1794), see also BRODERIP

Bankrupt in 1796 -"Longman and Broderip and Others (their sameday. Assignees) v. Calliford [sic]. Longman and Broderip, the bankrupts, entered into an agreement with Calliford [sic] for fourteen years to be supplied by him with musical instruments, at a stipulated rate, to be sold in the name of Longman and Broderip, and at their risk; and Calliford [sic] stipulated not to sell any on his own account. After the bankruptcy, Calliford [sic] sold the instruments for himself, conceiving the agreement to be determined by the bankruptcy. The assignees had permitted Longman and Broderip to carry on the business for the benefit of the estate, and gave notice to Calliford of their intention to continue the contract, at the same time offering him security for the instruments to be furnished.
The bill, and affidavits in support of it, stated these facts, and that Longman and Broderip had at a great expence established the character of the musical instruments sold by them, so as materially to increase their value. The present was a motion before answer, (in the nature of an order to stay waste,) to restrain the defendant from selling these instruments to any persons but the plaintiffs, as being contrary to the agreement." Reports of cases argued and determined in the Court of exchequer ..., Volume 1, 1796, p. 507 - See
CULLIFORD


"In 1779 Lukey is absent from the firm, which now remains as Longman & Broderip and exists till 1798, in which year it becomes bankrupt, and the original James Longman had given place to John Longman. Before 1785 Longman & Broderip had taken another branch shop at 13, Haymarket, and their business had grown to an enormous extent. At the dissolution of the firm John Longman entered into partnership with Clementi, the musician, retaining the shop at 26, Cheapside, and Broderip had combined with Wilkinson and continued the business at 13, Hay-market (for accounts of these later firms refer to their respective headings in the present volume).
" British music publishers, printers and engravers: London, Provincial, Scottish, and Irish, 1900, p. 73 (archive.org) - see also WILKINSON

LONGMAN, CLEMENTI & Co from 1789-1802, see also CLEMENTI (2)

"About 1801 or 1802 John Longman left the firm of Longman & Clementi, and set up for himself at 131, Cheapside (Directory for 1802). He here published "A Selection for the Present Season of the most popular Dances, Reels, Strathspeys with proper figures," in numbers, folio, and some sheet songs, one of which has the imprint "Longman & Co., 131, Cheapside, from 26." It is likely that he was not in business very long. James Longman & Co., before the entrance of Lukey into the firm, published in general small works for the guitar, violin, etc., and Country Dances. Longman, Lukey & Co. extended the business greatly and issued larger and more important works. In Longman & Broderip's time their publications were practically limitless, and include a very large number (about a hundred) of the English Operas then being produced, almost always in the oblong folio form. The sign "Harp and Crown" appears only to have been used in the very earliest period, before Longman & Lukey. In Longman & Broderip's it was changed to "The Apollo." At one time Longman & Lukey's names are found on some of John Johnson's issues, they afterwards bought his plates for the "Padlock," and other works. The following are a few characteristic publications of the 'different periods. J. Longman & Co., Harp and Crown, 26, Cheapside." British music publishers, printers and engravers: London, Provincial, Scottish, and Irish, 1900, p. 73 (archive.org)

LONGMAN J. (1814)

Bankrupt in 26th may 1795, A list of bankrupts ... from Jan. 1, 1786, to June 24, 1806, p. 86

Bankrupt in 1801 : "Longman, J. and F. F. Broderip, Cheapside, musical Instrument makers, may 23." The Monthly Magazine, Volume 11, 1801, p. 449


(continuation)

By invention of the Patent Action (though simple in its Construction), these Instruments are now brought to the highest Perfection in respect to Touch and Tone, with this peculiar Advantage, that the Movements will neither rattle, stick, nor be the least affected by Change of Weather in any Climate.
A PATENT TUNING MACHINE, Со peculiarly continuated, that Ladies. and Gentlemen may tune their Harpsichords, Piano Fortes, Organs, Guitars, &с. with great Facility.
PATENT PIANO-FORTE GUITARS,
On an entire new Principle, difl'erent from any others, and divefìed of that aukward Appearance which the temporary Key-Box forms on the Belly of the Instrument : The Machinery is also so curiously constructed, that it acts with amazing Facility, and produces a Tone far beyond Conception, and nearly equal to that of a Piano Forte. The Machinery may be drawn out with Ease, to reflify any Impedimentin the Movement. The great Demand for them, in preference to others, plainly evinces their superlative Degree of Merit.
PORTABLE GRAND PIANO FORTES,
On a new Improvement, reduced in Size and Price conliderably under the original Grand Piano Fortes, and univerfally admired for their peculiar Brilliancy of Тоnе, and excellent quality of standing long in Tune.
PORTABLE CLAVECINS,
On two different Principles. Their Tones are remarkably fweet and delicate; and their Structure renders them agreeable for travelling with, as they may be conveyed, and even performed on, in a Coach.
CHURCH ORGANS,
Of every Dimension, Specimens of which may be seen at Hampstead Church; at St. Gregory's Church, Old Fifth-Street, пеаг St. Paul’s; at the Manufactory opposite the Tabernacle, Tottenham­Court-Road, and at their other Manufactories in the City.
N.В. Parishes and Proprietora of Chapels and Concert Rooms may be accommodated with au Organ of any Size and Price ; and, if not convenient to make immediate Purchase, may pay an annual Rent for the same; also, if required, an Organist will be appointed on such Terms.

MILITARY INSTRUMENTS.
Piano Fortes - Hautboys, Flutes, and Fifes - A large Assortment of second-hand Piano Fortes, of all Prices - Second­hand Finger and Barrel Organs - A large Assortment of Harpsichords by various Makers, from Eight to Thirty. - Piano Fortes in Commodes, Side Boards, and Drelling Tables, for Convenience of small Rooms
Guitars - Pedal Harps, of the nеw Improvement - Violins, Tenors, and Violoncellos - Balloons, Clarinets. [...]

To the Public.
The Manufactories of Longman & Broderip are such an extensive Plan, that every Instrument, from the most trifling to the most superb and expensive, is finished under their immediate Inspection; and their large Stock of Timber and other Materials enables them to warrant theit Instruments thoroughly seasoned to stand in any Climate. Organs, Harpsichords, Piano Fortes, &c. lent out, conveyed, and tuned, in Town and Country, on the shortest Notice; and if purchased, and Payment made within Eight months, the Hire will be abated. Variety of second-hand Instruments and Music Books to be sold cheap. A liberal Price given for good old Instruments, or they will be taken in exchange. Old Instruments judiciously repaired. Music Masters of established Reputation recommended. Mahogany and every Kind of Wood bought and sold at their Timber-Yard and Manufactory in Tottenham-Court-Road." Longman and Broderip, manufacturers of musical instruments ..., 1788, p. 3

CATALOG

A Complete Register Of All The Musical Publications Imported From Different ..., 1786

 

20, Cheapside (P1782), 26, Cheapside (*1786)(**1786)(*1788)(*1794), 13, Haymarket (*1788)(*1794), Manufactory in Tottenham Court Road (*1788), London
LONGMAN John  

John LONGMAN & Co

Square pianoforte n° 301 ca. 1803, nameboard, The Monart Collection, Wexford, Ireland, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1803, Plumley Collection, London, England, U.K.

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1767-1803

Established in 1767 (1)

LONGMAN & LUCKEY (1767)

LONGMAN & BRODERIP (1775-98), see BRODERIP

Then he worked by Muzio CLEMENTI

 

131, Cheapside (1803), London
LONSDALE F. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1921 141, Bradford Road (*1921), Keighley
LONSDALE Richard Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1828 73, Bold Street (**1828), Liverpool
LOUD Thomas
| LORD

 

Grand pianoforte of 1810, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.

Patent of 1802 : "Thomas Loud, of Hoxton, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, Middlesex, musical instrument maker; for improvements in the action and construction of upright piano-fortes. Dated March 9, 1802." The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year, Volume 44, 1803, p. 773 - or - "Upright pianos rendered portable by placing the strings in an oblique direction^ " fixing the first bass strings from the left-hand upper corner to near the right-hand lower corner, and the rest of the strings in a parallel direction. By this means an instrument standing only five feet high and four feet wide in front will admit of the bass strings being their full length, which is five feet two inches." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 199 (archive.org)

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1803-10

YANIEWIEZ, LOUD & Co (xx1809), see also YANIEWIEZ

Bankrupt 22 September 1810 : "The Commissioners in a Commission of Bankrupt, bearing Date the 17th Day of September 1810, awarded and ıssued forth against Thomas Loud, of Devonshire-Street, Queen-Square, in the County of Middlesex, Piano-Forte Maker, Dealer and Chapman, intend to meet on the 18th Day of May next, at Twelve at Noon, at Guildhall, London, in order to make a Dividend of the Estate and Effećts of the said Bankrupt; when and where the Creditors who have not already proved their Debts are to come prepared to prove the fame, or they will be excluded the Benefit of the faid Dividend. And all Claims not then proved will be difallowed." The London Gazette, 23/04/1811, p. 776 - and - The Literary Panorama, and National Register: A Review of Books ..., Volume 8, 1810, p. 808 or  "Lord [sic], T. Devonshire Street, piano-forte maker. Att. Collins and C0. Spital Square." The Literary Panorama, and National Register: A Review of Books ..., Volume 8, 1810, p. 703

"PIANO FORTES. - T. LOUD,—PIANO FORTE MAKER, (from London,) respectfully informs the public that he has replenished his stock, and has for sale a handsome assortment of very superior Piano Fortes of touch and tone, seldom to be equalled; one of which, just finished, with four pedals, is of unusual and unrivaled splendour, united with real excellence. Merchants visiting the city, vrould consult the interest of themselves and friends, (from whom they may have brought orders) by examining the above. Prices moderate, and all Pianos warranted. Pianos tuned and repaired, and old ones taken in exchange. No. 102 Canal-street, (between Broadway and Lafayette Circus.) April, 1826." The New American Practical Navigator: Being an Epitome of Navigation, 1826, p. 623

 

Hoxton, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, Middlesex (*1803), [22], Devonshire Street, Queen's Square, Middlesex (*1808)(xx1809)(*1810), London

102, Canal Street, between Broadway and Lafayette Circus (*1826), N. Y., U.S.

LOVE Charles William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-1922

LOVE Charles Ltd. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)

 

327, Kentish Town, Road N.W. (**1891), 337, Kentish Town Road, N.W. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 60, Ashbrook Road, Upper Holloway, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)(*1922), London

 

LOVELL Robert  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1870-95

LOVELL (**1870)

LOVELL & BUCKLER (**1882)(**1884)(1888)

LOVELL Robert (**1891)(*1893)(**1895)

 

11, Holloway Terrace, Upper Holloway N. (**1870), 438, Holloway Road, N. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(**1895), London
LUCAS J.  

'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1823

Bankrupt in 1823, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 14, 1823, p. 367

 

Weymouth Terrace, Hackney Road (**1823), London
LUCAS & PYNE 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1893-1910 Monsell Road, Finsbury Park (*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
LUCK W. V. & Co  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1884

 

Apollo house, The Grove,  Stratford, E. (**1884), London
LUCRAFT Benjamin  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15

 

33, Percy Street, W. (*1914)(*1915), London
LUFF George

 

 

The improved Flageolet-Piano, The Harmonicon, 06/1832, p. 361

 


LONDON - "477 Luff, George, & Son, 103 Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury - Manufacturers. Albert cottage piano, of a new construction. Harmonium, an instrument played like the pianoforte or organ, claiming powerfull tone and simplicity of construction. [The particuliar tone of the harmonium class of instruments is produced by metal springs set in motion by stream of air. - H. E. D.]" Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 465

PARIS - "1992 Luff, G., et Fils, à Londres, A. — Piano.
1992 Luff, G., and Son, 103 Great Russell-street, Bloomsbury, London. Pianofortes."
Paris universal exhibition, 1855, p. 70

LONDON - "3423 Luff, G. & Son, 103, Gt. Russell-st. Bloomsbury, W.C. — Model piccolo piano." International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

"THE IMPROVED FLAGEOLET-PIANO INVENTED BY G. LUFF. [see image on the left] - THIS Instrument can be attached to, and played with, the Piano-Forte, at the same time; thus enabling one Person to give the effect of Two Instruments at the same moment. It is tuned in a few minutes to any instrument by the player, and never varies in pitch. It is an excellent substitute for the Flute to accompany the Voice, Guitar, or in fact any Instrument, and is very portable. Dimensions 22 inches high, 18 wide, and 14 deep. Compass from Flute D to G, two octaves above, (see the keys). Weight 20 lbs.
Prices for Cash. £. e. d.
In Mahogany Case, plain -14 £. - 0 e. - 0 d.
Ditto, ornamented and French polished - 15 £. - 0 e. - 0 d.
Ditto, Rosewood, elegant - 16 £. - 0 e. - 0 d.
Case for ditto, if required - 0 £. - 8 e. - 0 d.

Manufactured and sold by the Inventor only, at his Music and Musical Instrument Warehouse, 92, GREAT RUSSELL-STREET, LONDON; Where may be had every description of Musical Instruments at the lowest wholesale prices. N.B. Orders from the Country will be immediately attended to without any extra charge for packing, and delivered within any part of London free of expense, by receiving payment at the time of delivery."
The Harmonicon, 06/1832, p. 361

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1832-62

LUFF George & Co (**1839)(**1841)(x1842)(*1843)

LUFF & Son's (*1847)

LUFF Gearge & Son (**1852)(*1855)(*1858)(*1862)


(continuation)

"PIANOFORTES. — LUFF AND Co. solicit the attention of Purchasers to their new SEMI COTTAGE PIANOFORTES, combining power and sweetuess of tone, durability and cheapness. BOUDOIR, COTTAGE, AND SEMI GRAND PIANOFORTES.
L. and Co. from their increasing connection and extensive arrangements, can offer to the purchaser advantages superior to most Houses; also, having a large stock always on hire, can sell Pianofortes but little used at very low prices. Purchasers from the Country will find the arrangement of this House very desirable. LUFF and Co., 103, Great Russell Street Bloomsbury, London." The Musical World, 1839, p. 412

"[PIANO-FORTES. – LUFF & Co.'s BOUDOIR of PICCOLO PIANO-FORTE, 251.; Cottage, 27t., package included. For tone, touch, durability, and cheapness, these FianFortes are unequalled , warranted to keep well in tune, and prepared for extreme climates. L. & Co.'s Patent Piano-Fortes equally cheap. Piano-Fortes from hire and in exchange very cheap. – Luff & Co., 103, Great Russell-street. Bloomsbury." The Gardeners' Chronicle, 30/09/1843, p. 688

"[...] LUFF & SON'S - Elegant Assortment of PIANOFORTES, Made bv experienced workmen, and thoroughly seasoned wood, all of which is prepared on the premises. They are warranted to stand well in Tune, and a e prepared for extreme climate s: prices one-third less than usually charged. Instruments taken in exchange, and a liberal allowance to dealers. LUFF and SON, 103, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury." The Musical World, Volume 22, 1847, p. 260

Exhibitors list London, 1851 | Exhibitors list Paris, 1855 | Exhibitors list London, 1862

92, Great Russell Street (**1832), 105, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury (x1842), 103, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury (1838)(**1839)(**1841)(*1843)(*1847)(**1851)(**1852)(*1855)(*1858)(*1862), London
LUMSDEN Ltd. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1915 Brunswick Yard, Princes Street, Hanover Square, W. (*1915), London
LYMAN Charles L. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1868-74 boards Lewis J. Lyman's (**1868), h. Mt. Pleasant (*1874), Woburn
LYMAN Lewis J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1868-74 House South, near Highland (**1868)(*1874), Woburn
LUND Robert 'Cabinet & Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1845 5, Prussia Street (*1845), Leeds
LUNDBY & Co Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 18??

Succeeded by HANES & Co

London
LYON & HALL

PHOTO

The LYON & HALL Shop in Brighton
Interior of the shop
(mybrightonandhove.org.uk)

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1868-1910

"Brighton concerts Agents, Pianoforte and Musicsellers, Lyon & Hall, Warwick Mansion." The Musical World, 1868, p. 500

 

Warwick Mansion (*1868), 5, Kings Road (*1893), Warwick Mansion, 5, Kings Road (*1903)(*1906)(*1909), East Street (*1910), Brighton
LYON Frederick Galliard
| LION
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843-52

KELLY & LYON (*1851)(**1852), see also KELLY

 

22, Nassau Street Middlesex Hospital (*1843), High Street, Kensington (*1851), London
LYON John D.
| LION
'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842 22, Nassau Street Middlesex Hospital (x1842), London
LYON Louis George
| Lewis
'Pianoforte-maker' since 1875  

109, Camberwell Road, S.E. (**1891), 122, Camberwell Road, S.E. (**1895), 116, Camberwell Road, S.E. (*1914)(*1915)(*1921), Factory : Notley Street, Camberwell, S.E. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)(*1921), London

 

 

LYON Samuel Thomas
| LION

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1814-41

LYON & DUNCAN (*1814)(*1816), see also DUNCAN

LYON S. T. (*1817)(*1818)(*1820)(x1825)(**1841)

 

22, Suffolk Middlesex Hospital (*1814), 22, Nassau Street, Middlesex Hospital (*1816)(*1817)(*1818)(*1820)(x1825)(**1841), London
LYSTER Rd. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1825 8, Porter Street, Soho (x1825), London
LYTTELTON 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 London
 

 

(*1786): 'The London directory', 1786, p. 125 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(**1786): 'A Complete Register Of All The Musical Publications Imported From Different ...', 1786

(*1788): 'Longman and Broderip, manufacturers of musical instruments ...', 1788, p. 3

(*1794): 'Kent's Directory for the Year 1794. Cities of London and Westminster, & Borough of Southwark', 1794 (londonancestor.com)

(*1796): 'The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure', 1796, p. 382

(*1801): 'The Monthly Magazine', Volume 11, 1801, p. 449

(*1803): 'Kent's Directory for 1803 : Containing an Alphabetical List of the Names and ...', 1803, p. 121

(**1803): 'The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year 1802', Volume 44, 1803, p. 773

(*1807): 'The Post office London directory', 1807, p. 169 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1808): 'Post Office Annual Directory', 1808, p. 179+184 (SpecialCollections.le.ac.uk)

(xx1809): 'The London Gazette', 14/03/1809, p. 350 (TheGazette.co.uk)

(*1810): 'The Gentleman's Magazine' (London, England), Volume 108, 1810, p. 662

(**1810): 'The Literary Panorama, and National Register: A Review of Books ...', Volume 8, 1810, p. 703

(*1812): 'The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year 1811', Volume 53, Edmund Burke, 1812, p. 267

(*1814): 'The Post-Office Annual Directory for 1814'

(*1816): 'The Post office London directory', 1816, p. (Lyon) 213 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1817): 'The Post office London directory', 1817, p. (Lyon) 211 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1818): 'Johnstone's London Commercial Guide, and Street Directory; on a New and More ...', 1818, p. 118

(**1818): 'The Poll Book, for Electing Two Representatives in Parliament for the City and Liberty of Westminster', 1818

(*1820): 'The Post Office London directory', 1820, p. (Loeschman) 220 + (Lyon) 225 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(**1820): 'John Bull', 1820, p. 371

(*1822): 'The London Gazette', 09/02/1822, p. 245

(**1822): 'History, Directory & Gazetteer, of the County of York: With Select Lists of ...', 1822, p. 34

(*1823): 'Kent's Original London Directory', 1823

(**1823): 'Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine', Volume 14, 1823, p. 367

(x1825): 'Pigot & Co.'s new commercial directory of Scotland for 1825', p. 907-908 (digital.nls.uk)

(*1826): 'The New American Practical Navigator: Being an Epitome of Navigation', 1826, p. 623

(**1826): 'The Quarterly Musical Magazine and Review', 1826, p. 241

(*1827): 'The Harmonicon', Volumes 4-10, 01/1827, p. 85

(**1827): 'The London Gazette', 1827, p. 248

(*1828): 'The Harmonicon', Volumes 4-10, 03/1828, p. 150

(**1828): 'Pigot and co.'s national commercial directory for 1828-9', p. 320

(*1829): 'The Harmonicon', Volumes 4-10, 01/1829, p. 201

(**1829): 'Gores' Directory of Liverpool', 1829, p. 178 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1832): 'The Harmonicon', 06/1832, p. 361

(*1836): 'London journal of arts and sciences and repertory of patent inventions ...', 1836, p. 70

(x1836): 'Mathews's Annual Bristol Directory and Commercial List: Being an Entire ...', 1836, p. 233

(**1839): 'The Musical World', 1839, p. 412

(xx1840): 'The London Gazette', 15/05/1840, p. 1220

(**1841): 'Post Office London Directory', 1841, p. 807 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1842): 'Repertory of patent inventions and other discoveries and ...', Volume 17, 1842, p. 127

(x1842): 'Robson's London Directory', 1842, p. 1598 -1599(archive.org)

(*1843): 'The Post Office London Directory', 1843 

(**1843): 'The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent Inventions', 1843, p. 412

(***1843): 'The Bankrupt Directory: Being a Complete Register of All the Bankrupts, with ...', 1843, p. 256

(*1845): 'Williams's Directory of the Borough of Leeds: Giving an Entirely New ...', 1845, p. 307+146

(*1846): 'Slater's National Commercial Directory of Ireland', 1846, Leeds p. 75

(*1847): 'The Musical World', Volume 22, 1847, p. 260

(**1848): 'Hunt & Co.'s directory & topography for the cities of Exeter and Bristol, etc', 1848, p. 68+91

(x1848): 'The Musical Times', 01/11/1848, p. 65

(*1849): 'The London Gazette', 1849, p. 3297

(*1850): 'The British Colonies: Their History, Extent, Condition and ...', Volume 4, 1850, p. 6

(*1851): 'The London Gazette', 06/05/1851, p. 1204

(**1851): 'Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851', p. 465

(x1851): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences', 1851, p. 35

(y1851): 'The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1851, p. 8 (archive.org)

(*1852): 'Mechanics' Magazine and Journal of Science, Arts, and Manufactures', Volume 57, 1852, p. 118

(*1852): 'Publishers' circular and booksellers' record', 15/10/1852, p.364

(**1852): 'Post Office London Directory', 1852 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(y1854): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1854, p. 11 (archive.org)

(*1855): 'Paris universal exhibition', 1855, p. 70

(**1855): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences', 1855, p. 50

(*1856): 'Lunds' Bradford Directory; comprising the names, occupation, places of ...', 1856, p. 45

(***1856): 'The London journal of arts and sciences (and repertory of patent inventions', 1856, p. 381

(1857): 'The City of Lincoln Directory', 1857, p. 20 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(y1857): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1857, p. 8 (archive.org)

(*1858): 'Annuaire-almanach du commerce, de l'industrie, de la magistrature et de l'administration : ou almanach des 500.000 adresses de Paris, des départements et des pays étrangers : Firmin Didot et Bottin réunis', 1858, p. 2249

(*1862): 'International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department', 1862, p. 54

(**1863): 'Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents', 1863, p. 206

(*1865): 'The illustrated record and descriptive catalogue of the Dublin international exhibition', 1865, p. 241

(*1868): 'The Musical World', 1868, p. 500

(**1868): 'The Woburn Directory', 1868

(**1870): 'The 'Handbook' to the manufacturers & exporters of Great Britain', 1870, p. 367

(*1872): 'Journal of the Society of Arts', Volume 20, 1872, p. 889

(*1874): 'The Woburn Directory', 1874

(*1875): 'The Commercial directory of Liverpool, and shipping guide', 1875, Aberdeen p. 434, Dewsbury p. 656, London p. 608, Coventry p. 582, Bradford p. 567

(**1882): 'Post Office London Directory', 1882, p. 412 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1884): 'Business Directory of London', 1884, p. 618-619 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1891): 'Post Office London Trades Directory', 1891, p. 480-481 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1893): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1893, p. 656-664 (Gallica)

(*1895): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1895, p. 717-718 (Gallica)

(**1895): 'Post Office London Directory, 1895, p. 2038-2039 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1896): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1896, p. 954-955 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1897): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1897, p. 834-841 (Gallica)

 

(**1901): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1901, p. 1050-1051 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1903): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1903, p. 1103-1110 (Gallica)

(**1904) : 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1904, p. 1129-1130 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1906): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique', 1906, p. 1091-1100 (Gallica)

(*1909): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1909, p. 1105-1113 (Gallica)

(*1910): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1910, p. 1144-1153 (Gallica)

(*1914): 'Post Office London Directory', 1914, p. 1837-1838 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1915): 'Post Office London Directory', 1915, p. 1796-1797 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1916): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1916, p. 606 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1917): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1917, p. 592-593 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1918): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1918, p. 571-572 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1919): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1919, p. 555 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1921): 'The Music Trade Directory', Volume 32, 1921

(1): 'Histoire de piano de 1700 à 1950', Mario Pizzi, 1983

(2): 'Makers of the Piano 1700-1820' and 'Makers of the Piano 1820-1860', Martha Novak Clinkscale, 1993

 

 


  
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