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Pianoforte-makers in England

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Brand Image Info Addresses
       
TABEL Herman 'Harsichord-maker' ca. 1718 (2) Dean Street, Soho (1729)(2), Golden Square, Pulteney Street (1742)(2),  London 
TACKER WOOD Thomas  

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1858

Patent of 1858 : "Dated May 6, 1858 - Thomas Wood Thacker, of Derby, pianoforte dealer. Improvements in the construction of the finger-ends of pianoforte, organ, and harmonium." Mechanics Magazine, Volume 68, 1858, p. 549

 

Derby
TALBOT Henry 1838 - "Insolvent Debtors [...] Henry Talbot, Castle-st. East, Oxford st, Piano-forte Maker." The Jurist, 06/01/1838, p. 995 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841 49, Castle Street East, Oxford Street (**1838)(**1841), London
TALLENT Charles 'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1841-52 8, [Coburg Place], Borough Road (**1841)(x1842)(*1843), 13, Borough Road (**1852), London 
TAPLIN Brothers 'Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1927 72a, Palatine Road (*1927), London 
TARR I. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1903-10 Division Street (*1903)(*1906)(*1910), Sheffield
TARR William  

Patent of 1863 : "Tarr. Farr. 29th April 1863. - 1077. William Tarr, of 112, York Street, Oxford Street, Manchester, and Enoch Farr, of 40, Cavendish Street, Oxford Street, Manchester, for an invention for An improvement in pianofortes. Letters Patent sealed." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents, 1864, p. 74

Patent of 1865 : "Dated 3 otober 1865. 2540 E. Farr, Cavendish-street, and W. Tarr, York-street, Chorlton-upon-Medlock, Manchester, and I. Gregory, F.R.G.S., Victoria Park, Manchester. Improvements in pianofortes." Mechanics Magazine, 1865, p. 289

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ? ca. 1863

TARR & FARR (1863), see also Enoch FARR and GREGORY

112, York Street, Oxford Street (*1864), York-street, Chorlton-upon-Medlock (***1865), Manchester
TARRY William

 

1839 - "— Wm. Tarry, jun., Sion-sq., Whitechapel, piano-forte-maker: in the Debtors' Prison for London and Middlesex." The Jurist, Volume 3, 20/O7/1839, p. 615

 
 

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1839-52

 

Sion Square, Whitechapel (*1839), 4, Theberton Street, Islington (**1852), London 
TATE Edward 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1822-23 Magdalens (**1822)(*1823), Doncaster
TAYLOR Alexander Lepetit  

Patent of 1859 : "Alexander Lepetit Taylor, of No. 16, Ludgate Hill, in the City of London, for an invention for an improved form of harmonican pianoforte. Provisional protection only." Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents, 1860, p. 82

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1859 16, Ludgate Hill (*1860), London
TAYLOR & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895-1909 77, Marlborough Road, Upper Holloway Street (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), London
TAYLOR Alfred & Co  

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1890

TAYLOR Alfred & Co (**1904)

TAYLOR Alfred & Son Ltd. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)(*1921)

End : ca. 1928

 

3-9, Marlboro' Works, Marlboro' Road, Upper Holloway, N. (**1904), Alsen Road, [Sonderberg Road, Seven Sisters' Road], Holloway, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)(*1921), London
TAYLOR Charles Robert  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1917-21

TAYLOR Charles Robert & Co (*1917)

TAYLOR Charles Robert (*1919)

TAYLOR Charles Robert & Co (*1921)

 

24-26, Runton Street, Horsney Rise, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), 26, Runton Street, Elthorne Road, Holloway, N. (*1921), London
TAYLOR George 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1824-75 57, Fontenoy Street (*1824), 47, Fleet Street (**1828), 1, Peter Street (**1829), Jervis Street (*1833), 94, Seel Street W. (*1875), Liverpool
TAYLOR J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1814 55, Upper Brook Street, Grosvenor Square (*1814), London
TAYLOR John Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 106, Ladywood Road (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Birmingham
TAYLOR Joseph 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842 82, Albany Street,Regents Park  (x1842), London
TAYLOR & LEWIS 'Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1824  14, Shaw Brow (*1824), Liverpool
TAYLOR Samuel 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 h. off Canal (*1874), Woburn
TAYLOR Stephen Charles  

"Taylor, S. C, Pianoforte and Musical Instrument Maker, and Music Warehouse, 512, Oxford-street." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 11 (archive.org)

 

'Pianoforte and Musical Instrument-maker and Music warehouse' ca. 1850-57 512, Oxford Street (*1850)(y1851)(**1852)(y1854)(y1857), London
TAYLOR William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1836-48 69, Stoke Croft (x1836), 57, Broad Quay (**1848), Bristol
TAZELAAR Izak Bernardes 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1916-19 50, Burnfoot Avenue, Fulham, S.W. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
TELFER Alexander  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1840-60

1859 - "Alexander Telfer, late of No. 125, Pentonville-road, Middlesex, Journeyman Pianoforte Maker. — In the Debtors' Prison for London and Middlesex." The London Gazette, 22/02/1859, p. 753 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

27, Hastings Street, Burton Crescent (*1843), 125, Pentonville Road, Middlesex (*1859), London 
TEMPLE PIANOFORTE Co  

BRANDS

RENHOUNAM
 
RENN
WREN

 

'Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1900

Succeeded by KEMBLE ca. 1960 and arrived to make a total of 60020 pianos that year.

End : ca. 1962

London
TERRILL Stephen  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884-91

 

2, Tottenham Street, Fitzroy Square, W. (**1884), 3a, Cambridge Place, Praed Street, W. (**1891), London
THE AEOLIAN COMPANY  

PHOTO

The AEOLIAN Factory in Hayes

Photo of the only surviving part of the building

Inside of the building

 

 

BRAND

A branch of an Amercan firm :

THE ORCHESTRELLE Co (see below)
PIANOLA
THE AEOLIAN COMPAGNY Ltd.
STECK
  WEBER

 

Factory at Aeolian Works, Silverdale Road (*1939), Hayes, Middlesex

Show Rooms in 7, New Bond Street (?), London

THE CHALTON PIANO Co Ltd. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1916-19 7, Arcola Street, Hackney, N.E. (*1916)(*1918)(*1917)(*1919), London
THE CREMONA PIANO  

 

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1900

Made by SQUIRE and LONGSON

London
THE EMPIRE PIANOFORTE Co  

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand since 1892

THE EMPIRE PIANOFORTE Co Ltd. (**1895)

THE EMPIRE PIANOFORTE & ORGAN Co (**1904)

 

28, Stanhope Street, Euston Road, N.W. (**1895), 57, Tollington Park, N. (**1895), 29a, Victor Road, Holloway, N. (**1904),  London
THE LONDON and LIVERPOOL PIANOFORTE Co

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand' ca. 18??

 

London

Liverpool

 

THE MASHAM PIANO  

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900  London
THE MENDELSSOHN PIANOFORTE Co  

BRAND

'Pianoforte-brand ca. 1872

Exhibitors list London, 1872

 

London
 

THE MINERVA PIANO

 

 

 

 

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1900

 

236, High Holborn (?), London
 

THE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS & GENERAL TRAFING Co Ltd.

 

 

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1895

 

8, Berner Street, W. (**1895), London
THEOBALDS William
| THEOBALD
'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-52 314, Oxford Street (**1841)(x1842)(**1852), London
 

THE ORCHESTRELLE Co

 

 

 

 

BRAND

Branch of an American Firm. Pianos made by THE AEOLIAN COMPAGNY (see here above), Hayes, Middlesex

Hayes, Middlesex, London

New York, U.S.

THE PIANO RESONATOR Ltd.  

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1895

 

London
THE PREMIER PIANOFORTE Co  

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1895

 

London
THE SELBYN PIANO Co  

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1903

Managers : SCHUPPISSER Charles Erard & SCHUPPISSER Francis Louis (**1903)

Bankrupt in 8 may 1903, The London Gazette, 24/04/1903, p. 2670 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

215, Regent Street (**1903), London
THE TACEY PIANO Co Ltd. Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1921  

15, Porchester Road, Bayswater, N.W. (*1921), London

 

THE TENNESSEE PIANOFORTE Co  

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1891-1910

F. BOOTH, Sec. (**1891)

Alfred H. SMITH, Sec. (**1895)

 

 

 

72, Berners Street, W. (**1891)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903), Peel Grove, Cambridge Road, E. (**1891)(**1895)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London

 

THE VICTOR PIANO Co  

BRAND

American brand, see The Music Trade Review, 23/11/1901, p. 33 (mtr.arcade-museum.com)

 

London
THE WALDEMAR PIANO Co  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895-1914

 

43, Berners Street (**1895)(*1914), London
 

THE WINDSOR MODEL

 

 

BRAND

Pianoforte-brand ca. 1900

 

 London
 

THIEME Hugo

 

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895

 

44, Berners Street, W. (**1895), London
THOMAS H.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1903-10

 

Whiteladies Road (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Bristol
THOMAS J. T.  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1896

 

 127, Queen's road, Battersea, S.W. (**1896), London
THOMAS William George

 

"Thomas William George, Gospel Oak grove, Kentish Town NW, wholesale & export manufacturer of pianos at popular prices suitablefor all climates." Post Office London Directory, 1895, p. 2039

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1915

THOMAS W. G. & Co Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

 

7, Medburn Street, S.W. (**1882), Gospel Oak Grove, Kentish Town, N.W. (*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 10a, Gospel Oak Grove, Haverstock, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

THOMASSIN Clement David 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-93 66, Southampton Row, W.C.(**1882), 68, Southampton Row, W.C. (*1893), London
THOMPSON Charles Henry  

1841 - "THOMPSON Charles Henry, of Liverpool, in the county of Lancaster, music-seller, d. c. — Sols. Medina, Crosby Hall Chamhers and North Shields, and Kent, Liverpool. Fiat, Aug. 18. Pet. Crs. Charles Packer and Thomas Towns, of Oxford-street, piano-forte manufacturers." The Law Journal for the Year 1841, p. 63

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1837-41

Bankrupt in 1841

191, London Road (*1837)(*1841), Liverpool, Lancaster
THOMPSON Edmund '

'Teacher of Music' ca. 1857

Patent of 1857 : "Thompson - 15th june 1857 - 1674. Edmund Thompson, of Barnard's Terrace, in the Parish of Scawby-with Sturton, in the County of Lincoln, Teacher of Music and Pianoforte Tuner, for an invention for Improvements in pianoforte hammers." Provisional protection only." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted, 1858, p. 103

 

Barnard's Terrace (**1858), Scawby-with Sturton, in the County of Lincoln
THOMPSON George 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 44, Tuilerie Street, Hackney Road, E. (**1884), London
THOMPSON Henry

 

Patent of 1857 : "11st June 1857 - 545. Henry Thompson, of No. 322, Regent Street, in the Parish of St. Marylebone, and County of Middlesex, Pianoforte Manufacturer, for an invention for — "Improvements in pianofortes." Provisional protection only." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted of ..., 1857, p. 95

Patent of 1857 : "11 November 1857 - 2844. Henry Thompson and Samuel Thompson, Regent-street, Improvements in the construction of piano-fortes." Journal of the Society of Arts, 1858, p. 66

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1857-62

THOMPSON Henry & Samuel (*1858)

LONDON - "3443 Thompson, H. 322, Regent-st. — Orchestral piano, extra pedal, producing chords and octaves." International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

LONDON - "Mr. HENRY THOMPSON (3443) has Honourable Mention for an upright with an extra pedal, which gives action when only single notes are struck." Reports by the Juries on the subjects in the thirty-six classes into which ..., 1862, p. 148

Exhibitors List London, 1862

 

322, Regent Street (*1857)(*1858)(*1862), London
THOMPSON Samuel, Ann & Peter 'Musical-Instrument-Makers' ca. 1786-94 75, St. Paul's Church Yard  (*1786)(*1794), London
THOMPSON Samuel & SHACKELL

 

'Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1866

Patent of 1866 : "Thompson. 24th April 1866. - 1154. Samuel Thompson, of the firm of Thompson and Shackell, of Guild Hall Square, Carmarthen, in the County of Carmarthen, Piano-forte Manufacturer, for an invention for Improvements in the construction of piano-fortes. Letters Patent sealed." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents, 1867, p. 80

 

Guild Hall Square, Carmarthen, in the County of Carmarthen

Bristol

THOMPSON Simon  

Patent of 1830 : "To SIMON THOMPSON, of Great Yarmouth, in the county of Norfolk, Compass Maker, for his having invented or found out certain improvements in Piano Fortes.— [Sealed 27th Feb. 1830.] THE object of the Patentee is to construct Piano Fortes of the upright kind in a more compact form than has heretofore been done, and the improvement Which is principally in the form of. the key and action part, allows of a new arrangement of the mechanism by which the instrument, though of the upright construction, stands entirely below the face of the performer, and by that means does not impede the free vibration of the voice in singing. [...][...][...]" Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1831, p. 1

 

'Compas-maker' ca. 1831 Norfolk
THOMPSON William

Square pianoforte ca. 1803-06, nameboard, more photos, Mary Todd Lincoln House, Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1787

Patent of 1787 : "Jan, 15, 1787. — W. Thompson. System of tuning by means of a monochord with movable bridges." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 195 (archive.org)

 

London ?
THOMSON & DUDLEY  

"Thomson & Dudley, Improved Pianoforte manufacturers for home use, or adapted to the temperature of all climates, 35 1/2, Thanet-street, Burton-crescent." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 11 (archive.org)

 

'Improved Pianoforte-manufacturers' ca. 1851-57 35 1/2, Thanet Street, Burton Crescent (y1851)(y1854)(y1857), London
THOMSON George Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1828 90, Bold Street (**1828), Liverpool
THORN James  

Patent of 1820 : "JAMES THORN, of Wells Street, Street Mary le Bonne. Middlesex. Piano-forte-maker, and WILLIAM ALLEN, of Castle-street, in the same parish, Piano forte-maker; for an improvement in pianofortes. Dated January 13, 1820." The European Magazine, and London Review, Volume 77, 1820, p. 189 - or - "Metallic tubular bracing to counteract the tendency of pianofortes to get out of tune from the swelling and contracting of the wood caused by atmospheric changes." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 202 (archive.org) - "Mr. Stodart, of Golden-square, London, is well known as being the inventor of the Upright Piano Forte, nnd he has lately purchased from Messrs. Thom and Allen, two of his workmen, their interest In a patent for an ingenious contrivance to prevent those fluctuations in the pitch of strings which arise from change of atmospheric temperature. The idea is simple and philosophical, and has been long since applied to chronometers, though its operation in those delicate instruments is the reverse of that to which it has now been turned.— The principle then is to compensate the natural expansion of strings through heat or their contraction through cold, by providing an apparatus possessing the same properties as the strings themselves, upon which they are stretched. [...][...]" Read more in The Quarterly Musical Magazine and review, 1821, p. 185

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1820

THORN James & ALLEN William (**1820), see also ALLEN William

Worked by STODART, London (x1821)

SEE ALSO ...

Piano Controversy 1851

Wells Street, Street Mary le Bonne (**1820), Middlesex, London
THORNHILL & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891 325, Upper Street (**1891), London
THORP John  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1867

Bankrupt in Nov. 1867, Law Times, and Journal of Property, Volume 44, 11/1867, p. 107

 

Prince's Square, Kennington (*1867),  London
THUNDER Ed.  

Patent of 1811 : "Jan. 23, 1805.— Ed. Thunder. " Screw wrest-pin." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 200 (archive.org)

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1811

 

 London ?
TIDDER William Henry & Sons 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-95 144? Jamaica Street, E. (**1891), 228, Mile End Road, E. (**1895), London
TIERNEY William  

"PIANO-FORTES. - PIANOFORTES. - Mr. TIERNEY has the honour to acquaint his connexion, the country gentry, and purchasers generally, that his services may be commanded to select pianofortes for them from approved stocks, and of such quality and character as to render the first purchase the most advantageous. His competency for the task will be found in an intimate acquaintance, as a pianoforte tuner, with every variety manufactured during the last 17 years of progressive and important improvements, a practical knowledge of their construction in simple and complicated mechanism, and the various requisites necessary to the formation of a fine instrument. The selections made by Mr. Tierney are critically tested, and the utmost reliance may be placed in any choice of his.—Rolls-buildings Fetter-lane.
PIANO FORTE TUNER. - WM. TIERNEY most respectfully offers his services to the Catholic nobility and gentry as a Tuner of upwards of 17 years' practice in his profession;' Repairs, &c. &c. Rolls-building, Fetter-lane." The Catholic Directory and Annual Register for the Year 1843, Volume 6, 1843, p. 200

 

'Pianoforte-maker' and pianoforte-tuner ca. 1826-54


(continuation)

"PIANOFORTE TUNER.-W. TIERNEY offers his services as a PIANOFORTE TUNER, of great experience in his profession. An extensive practice amidst pianofortes of every construction enables him to tune with an accuracy attainable only by long habit. Mr. Tierney tenders his opinion and mechanical skill in the choice of a pianoforte - Rolls-buildings, Fetter-lane." The Athenæum: A Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and ..., 1854, p. 922

 10, Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane (**1841)(x1842)(**1843)(**1852)(*1854), London
TILLING R. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 80, Rochester Road, Westminster (*1906)(*1907)(*1910), London
TINDALL George 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852 23, Broadley Terrace, Blandford Square (**1852), London
TIPPINS William J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 9, Middleton Road, Dalston, E.  (**1884), London
TOLKIEN Henry
| TOLKEIN

 

LONDON - "3610. TOLKIEN, HENRY, 51 King William Street, London, E.C. — Pianos." Official Catalogue, 1885, p. 317

 

"PIANOFORTES.—TOLKIEN'S 25-Guinea ROYAL MINTJTO PIANOFORTES. H. T. is the original maker of a superior Pianoforte at 25 guineas, and defies any one to produce an instrument for elegance, durability, and equality of tone and touch, to surpass his Royal Minutos, in various woods, at the above price. — Packed for abroad in Zinc and Wood for 27 guineas, prepared expressly for hot climates without extra charge. — Tolkien, Manufacturer, 27, 28, & 29, King William-street, London Bridge, & 30, Regent-street, Waterloo-place, 2 doors from Piccadilly." Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry, 1851, p. 362

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1857-95

TOLKIEN Henry & Co (**1895)

Patent of 1857 : "13th May 1857 : 1343. Henry Tolkein, of the City of London, and Joseph Middleton, of Finsbury, both in the County of Middlesex, for an invention for Improvements in pianofortes. Letters Patent sealed." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted of ..., 1857, p. 83

Exhibition List London, 1885

 

7, 28, & 29, King William Street, London Bridge, & 30, Regent Street, Waterloo Place, 2 doors from Piccadilly (xx1851), Finsbury, Middlesex, (**1857), 51, King William Street, E.C. (**1882)(**1884)(*1885)(*1893), 45, Fish Street, Hill, E.C. (**1891), 112, High Street Kingsland, N. (*1893), 66, Frenchurch Street, E.C. (**1895), London
TOLKIEN Septimus  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1872-93

Exhibitors list London, 1872

 

9, Downs Park Road, W. Hackney, Shacklewell, E. (**1874)(*1893), Downs Road, Clapton, E. (*1893), London
TOMKINS James 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1818 47, Poland Street, Westminster (**1818), London
TOMKINSON James 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 32a, Wrotham Road, Camden Town, N.W. (**1884), London
TOMKINSON John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-84 7, Mintern Street, Mews, [New North Road], Hoxton, N. (**1882)(**1884), London
TOMKISON James & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 61, Seven Sisters Road, N. (**1874), London
TOMKISON Thomas
| TOMPKINSON T.

(ca. 1761 - 1853)

 

 

Cabinet pianoforte n° 1127, hammerfluegel.info

 

Nameplate of a square pianoforte ca. 1820, hammerfluegel.info


Square pianoforte n° 35 ca. 1795-1800, The Music Room Workshop, Prestwick Farm, Prestwick Lane, Chiddingfold, Surrey, England, U.K.
Cabinet pianoforte n° 1127 ca. ?, hammerfluegel.info
Square pianoforte n° 1732 ca. 1805, The Monart Collection, Wexford, Ireland, U.K.
Cabinet pianoforte ca. 1810, hammerfluegel.info

Square pianoforte n° 1965 of 1810-20, The National Museum of American History, Washington D.C., U.S.

Grand pianoforte ca. 1811-20, Palacio Real de San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Palacio de los Borbones, Madrid, Spain

Square pianoforte ca. 1820, hammerfluegel.info

King George IV's grand pianoforte ca. 1821, Royal Pavilion, Brighton, England, U.K.
(old image from the pianoforte at the Royal Pavilion)
Square pianoforte n° 4714, Jane Hope, Oxford, England, U.K.

Square pianoforte ca. 1823, Artis Wodehouse, New York, U.S.

1830 - "OCEAN WOOD - Is the name of a new species of wood which has been lately used by Mr. Tomkison, in the manufacture of pianofortes. It is a sort of mahogany, and its name is supposed to have been given, from a fancied resemblance its grain presents to the undulation of the sea. It is quite an unique in the English market, and for a single log Mr. Tomkison is said to have paid the enormous sum of 2,300 guineas." Arcana of Science and Art, Or, An Annual Register of Useful Inventions and ..., 1830, p. 206

1839 - "TOMKINSON's [sic] NEWLY-INVENTED PIANOFORTE.
Mr. Tomkinson has manufactured an instrument which, we think, is destined to figure very conspicuously in the future history of the pianoforte. Let our readers picture to themselves a cottage piano, 3 ft. 5 in. high with regard to size, and a grand piano, or even more than a grand piano, as to power and volume of sound, and they will have some idea of Mr. Tomkinson's new and most important invention. The immense tone produced from an instrument of such diminutive size, is a feature as novel as it is interesting. The means by which this singular phenomenon is produced, are, of course, known only to the inventor; but we are enabled to say this much, that there are differences of a very material nature in the action from that of any other pianoforte hitherto manufactured; differences which, among other advantages, give to the base notes a bell-like clearness which is hardly surpassed by the finest horizontal pianos of the best makers." The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, 1839, p. 143

 

 

'Grand & Square Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1800-52


(next)

1853 - "Some of the small dealers are, we fear, sufficiently dishonest to pat the name of some eminent maker on their keyboard, and thus enhance the price of the instrument. At one time, when the name of Tomkinson [sic] was a sort of passport to an instrument, the small dealers would put Tomkisson on their name-boards, and thus escape the notice of the law." Cyclopædia of useful arts & manufactures, 1853, p. 415

1858 - TOMKISON on TURNER - "Anecdote respecting the great Artist, the late “W. M. Turner, RA. — Mr. Tomkison, the eminent pianoforte maker, called on me one morning in the year 1850. I had shown him a small picture by Constable. This led to remarks on the merits of landscape-painters; and Turner, of course, was alluded to in the way his great excellence deserved. Mr. Tomkison then observed: “My father was the first to discover the boy's talents. My father was a jeweller, and lived in Southampton Street, Covent Garden. Turner‘s father was a hair-dresser, and lived in Maiden Lane, a corner house in a little court; he operated on my father. On one occasion Turner brought his child with him; and while the father was dressing my father, the little boy was occupied in copying something he saw on the table. They left, and after a few minutes they returned. Turner apologised for troubling my father, and begged to know what his son had been copying. On being shown the copy, my father said, ‘your son never could have done it'. He had copied a coat of arms from a handsome set of castors, which happened at that time to be on the table. Some time after a gentleman died, who had been long under Turner's razor, and left him a legacy of 100%. The moment my father heard this, he begged Turner to allow him to dispose of the 100%. for the benefit of the boy by articling him to Malton, the distinguished architectural draftsman of that day— this was done accordingly."
Your correspondent, Mr. Editor, begged Mr. Tomkison to repeat the anecdote, and to allow him to write down the words as they proceeded from his lips. Mr. Tomkison then read the statement, and approved of it; and were he now alive, would, I am sure, give it his imprimatur. A. M." Notes and Queries, 1858, p. 475

1861 - "Mr. F. Manson makes the following remarks on a quotation from ‘The Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A.,’ in our last number,—“which,” says Mr. Masson, “contains a disrespectful reference to my revered friend, the late Mr. Thomas Tomkison, the well-reputed pianoforte-maker. Mr. Tomkison died in the year 1853, at the advanced age of ninety-two ; he must have therefore been born in 1761, eleven years before Turner, and by 'those years only his senior; so that he could not have been the individual at whose house the embryo artist gave signs of his future greatness. Mr. Tomkison’s father was a silversmith in the neighbourhood of Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, and Turner‘s father, ‘the barber,’ attended him(the elder Tomkison) in that capacity,—one which, in those days, was a diurnal necessity. It was upon one of these occasions that the young artist made the sketch from the silver salver which enlisted the sympathies and gained the support of his father‘s employer. How far the epithets ‘self-conccitcd and fussy' may apply to the bearing and character of Turner’s original_ patron I am unable to say; but of their total misapplication to my late venerable friend, Mr. Tomkison (a man of singular urbanity), I and a host of others are ready to attest.” The Athenaeum, 23/11/1861, p. 691

 

55, Dean Street, Soho (*1807)(*1808)(*1814)(*1817)(*1818), 77, Dean Street, Soho (**1818)(*1820)(**1822)(x1825)(**1841)(x1842)(*1843)(**1852), London
 

TONGUE William

 

 

Patent of 1871 : "A.D. 1871, January 28.-No. 236. TONGUE, William, of Kennington, in the county of Surrey, engineer. — Improvements in pianofortes, harmoniums, and other musical instruments.
According to one part of this invention the metal wires or strings in pianofortes are formed flattened or broader at one part of their section than at the other part, such wires or strings being so arranged that the hammer will strike against the broad or flattened part of the wires or strings.
According to another part of this invention one metal wire or string is employed in place of two or of three strings for each hammer, such wire or string being formed flat like metal tape or clock spring.
According to another part of these improvements when employing flat metal wires or strings, such strings are caused to vibrate and produce musical notes by means of a current of air directed against such strings. A metal clasp or surface is attached to the flat wire or string for the air to impinge against.
According to another part of this invention apparatus is combined with a pianoforte for producing and directing a current of air upon the flat metal strings or wires having a metal clasp or surface attached thereto, as above described, so that the vibrations of such strings produced by the blow of the hammer may be maintained by the current of air.
Another part of this invention relates to harmoniums, organs, and other musical instruments. According to this part of the invention valves are employed of such a form that the passage for the air is larger or smaller according to the amount of movement given to the valve. In some cases conical valves or valves having a conical prolongation are employed so formed that the passage for the air is increased the higher the valve is lifted. According to this part of the invention the " action" or mechanism for raising the valve is so arranged that in proportion to the amount of force used by the performer on the keys of the instrument the passage for the air will be opened to a greater or less extent and so as to produce a louder or softer note." Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents, 1871, p. 51

 

 

'Engineer' ca. 1871

 

Kennington (**1871), in the county of Surrey
TOOMBS F. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1885 Lowther Penrith (*1885)
TOW Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1860-95  

116, Bayham Street, [Camden Town], N.W. (**1882)(**1884), 7, Park Street, Camden Town, N. W. (**1882)(**1884)(*1893), London

 

TOWNLY Edward William Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1901 68, High Street, Croydon (**1901), London
TOWNS Thomas

Patent of 1848 : "Dec. 29 -N° 1715 - Towns and Packer - Oxford Street - Improvements in the action of pianofortes." The Mechanics' Magazine, 06/01/1849, p. 24

 

LONDON - "A bichord grand, made by Messrs. Towns and Packer, has the power of transposing through a range of four semitones above or below the original key. It has, for this purpose, an arrangement for shifting the key-board and action in a lateral direction. This is the original way in which the transposing piano-forte was made. (Vide remarks on Mr. Addison’s piano-forte, ante.)" Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1851, p. 37

LONDON - "494 Towns & Packer, 20 Oxford Street - Manufacturers. Grand transposing pianoforte : the pitch can with facility be raised or lowered two notes from the original key, without affecting its touch or durability. Microphonic cottage pianoforte up to A in alt. of economical construction." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 469

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1843-52

TOWNS & PACKER (*1841)(**1841)(x1842)(*1843)(*1849)(**1852), see also PACKER

  "MESSRS. TOWNS & PACKERS, 20, OXFORD STREET.—HORIZONTAL SEMI-GRAND TRANSPOSING PIANOFORTE.—To transpose Music by semitonic progression two whole tones higher or lower than the original Scale or Key in which it was composed, for the accommodation of Singers. Its novelty is attributable to the introduction of a power by which the key-board is moved for the purposes of transposition, and its superiority is the fact that the tone and touch are not in the least affected by the use of this moving power. This Instrument has the repetition touch so much approved of by the Profession in the Grand Pianofortes." Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851, p. 29

Exhibitors list London, 1851

 

[20], Oxford Street (*1841)(**1841)(x1842)(*1843)(*1849)(**1851)(**1852), London
TOWNSEND John  

'Music Seller and Music Instrument Maker' ca. 1821-22

SEE ALSO ...

a TOWNSEND William, and a TOWNSEND & THOMSON. in Edinburgh

 

44, Deansgate (*1821-22), Manchester
TOWSEND William & Son  

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1829-60

'From Erard's'

See TOWSEND William & Son in Edinburgh, Scotland

 

London
TOYNE & TOMKINSON 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882 32a, Wrotham Road, N.W.  (**1882), London
TREE Charles Boys 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882 132, Petherton Road, Higbury, N.  (**1882), London
TRICKETT & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1895-97 Keen's Yard Street, P. Road (*1895)(*1897), London
TRIPP William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882 173, Hampstead Road, N.W. (**1882), London
TRIUMPH AUTO PIANOS  

BRAND

Player pianos made by SAFFELL Frederick since 1917

 

Birmingham

Regent Street (1930), London

TROTTER J.  

Patent of 1811 : "March 4, 1811. — J. TROTTER. New keyboard arrangement." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 200 (archive.org)

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1811

 

 London ?
TRUSLOVE & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or piano dealers ca. 1906-10 8, Union Passage (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Birmingham
TRUTE Charles  

Square pianoforte ca. 1777, Present owner unknown
Square pianoforte ca. 1781, The George Sherman Dickinson Music Library, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., U.S.
Square pianoforte ca. 1784, Thomas Winter, San Francisco, California, U.S.

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1777-89

He emigrated to New York in 1794. (1)

London
TUCK Thomas & Co  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-42

TUCK Thomas & Co (**1841)

TUCK Thomas (x1842)

 

33, High Street, Bloomsbury (**1841), 33, Hyde Street, Bloomsbury (x1842), London
TUCKER & Co  

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15 Fitzroy Court Road, W. (*1914)(*1915), Newton Works, Whitfield Place, Tottenham Court Road, W. (*1914)(*1915), London
TUCKER John Draper 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-42 17, London Road, Southwark (**1841)(x1842), 10, Coburg Place, Borough Road (x1842), London
TULEY T. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893-1910 818, Meadow lanc. (*1893), Leeds Bridge (*1895)(*1897)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Leeds
TULL Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895 39, Grafton Street, Fitzroy Square, W. (**1895), London
TURNBULL Walter 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1790-1800 London
TURNER C. Pianoforte-makers and/or piano dealers ca. 1906-10 17, Walton Road (*1906)(*1907)(*1909)(*1910), Liverpool
TURNER John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-1907

TURNER John Alvey (**1852)(**1870)(*1893)(*1906)

 

84, Leadenhall Street (**1841), 19, Poultry Street (**1852), 1a, Leadenhall Street, E.C. (**1870), 33, Bishopsgate Street, Within, E. C. (*1893)(*1906)(*1907), London

 

TURNER John Pianoforte-makers and/or piano dealers ca. 1852 84, Leadenhall Street (**1852), London
TURNER & TURNER 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1914-15 Tabley Road, Holloway, N. (*1914)(*1915), London
TURTLE W. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1903-09 61, Ogden Street (*1903)(*1906)(*1909), Manchester
 

 

(*1786): 'The London directory', 1786, p. 181 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1794): 'Kent's Directory for the Year 1794. Cities of London and Westminster, & Borough of Southwark', 1794 (londonancestor.com)

(*1807): 'The Post Office London directory', 1807, p. 269 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1808): 'Post Office Annual Directory', 1808, p. 290 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1814): 'The Post-Office Annual Directory for 1814'

(*1817): 'The Post office London directory', 1817, p. (Tomkison) 333 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1818): 'Johnstone's London Commercial Guide, and Street Directory; on a New and More ...', 1818, p. 118

(**1818): 'The Poll Book, for Electing Two Representatives in Parliament for the City and Liberty of Westminster', 1818

(*1820): 'The Post Office London directory', 1820, p. 355 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(**1820): 'The European Magazine, and London Review, Volume 77, 1820, p. 565

(*1821-22): 'Pigot & Deans' New Directory of Manchester, Salford, &c for 1821-2', p. 169 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(x1821): 'The Quarterly Musical Magazine and review', 1821, p. 185

(**1822): 'History, Directory & Gazetteer, of the County of York', 1822, p. 34-175

(*1823): 'History, Directory & Gazetteer, of the County of York', 1823, p. 175

(*1824): 'History, directory and gazetteer of the county palatine of Lancaster', 1824, p. 397

(x1825): 'Pigot & Co.'s new commercial directory of Scotland for 1825', p. 907-908 (digital.nls.uk)

(**1828): 'Pigot and co.'s national commercial directory for 1828-9', p. 320

(**1829): 'Gores' Directory of Liverpool', 1829, p. 273 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1833): 'The poll for the election of members of parliament for ... Liverpool', 1833, p. 77

(x1836): 'Mathews's Annual Bristol Directory and Commercial List: Being an Entire ...', 1836, p. 233

(*1837): 'Pigot and co.'s national commercial directory of the whole of Scotland', 1837, Aberdeen p. 186, Edinburgh p. 98, Liverpool p. 78

(**1838): 'The Jurist, 06/01/1838, p. 995

(*1839): 'The Jurist', Volume 3, 20/O7/1839, p. 615

(*1841): 'The Law Journal for the Year 1841', p. 63

(**1841): 'Post Office London Directory', 1841, p. 807 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(x1842): 'Robson's London Directory', 1842, p. 1598 -1599(archive.org)

(*1843): 'The Post Office London Directory', 1843

(**1843): 'The Catholic Directory and Annual Register for the Year 1843', Volume 6, 1843, p. 200

(**1848): 'Hunt & Co.'s directory & topography for the cities of Exeter and Bristol, etc, 1848, p. 124-125

(*1849): 'The Mechanics' Magazine', 06/01/1849, p. 24

(*1850): 'The British Colonies: Their History, Extent, Condition and ...', Volume 4, 1850, p. 8

(**1851): 'Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851', p. 469

(xx1851): 'Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry', 1851, p. 362

(y1851): 'The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1851, p. 11 (archive.org)

(**1852): 'Post Office London Directory', 1852 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1854): 'The Athenæum: A Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and ...', 1854, p. 922

(y1854): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1854, p. 14 (archive.org)

(*1857): 'Provisional protection only." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted of ...', 1857, p. 95

(**1857): 'Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted of ...', 1857, p. 82

(y1857): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1857, p. 11 (archive.org)

(*1858): 'Journal of the Society of Arts', 1858, p. 66

(**1858): 'Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted', 1858, p. 103

(*1859): 'The London Gazette', 22/02/1859, p. 753 (TheGazette.co.uk)

(*1860): 'Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents', 1860, p. 82

(*1862): 'International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department', 1862, p. 54

(***1863): 'The Post Office Directory of Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Shropshire, and ...', 1863, p. 154

(*1864): 'Chronological index of patents applied for and patents', 1864, p. 74

(***1865): ' Mechanics Magazine', 1865, p. 289

(*1867): 'Law Times, and Journal of Property', Volume 44, 11/1867, p. 107

(**1868): 'The Woburn Directory', 1868

(**1870): 'The 'Handbook' to the manufacturers & exporters of Great Britain', 1870, p. 367

(**1871): 'Chronological and Descriptive Index of Patents Applied for and Patents', 1871, p. 51

(*1872): 'Journal of the Society of Arts', Volume 20, 1872, p. 889

(*1874): 'The Woburn Directory', 1874

(**1874): 'Post Office Directory of Middlesex', 1874, p. 501 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1875): 'The Commercial directory of Liverpool, and shipping guide', 1875, Aberdeen p. 434, Dewsbury p. 656, London p. 608, Coventry p. 582, Bradford p. 567, Liverpool p. 274

(**1882): 'Post Office London Directory', 1882, p. 412-413 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1884): 'Business Directory of London', 1884, p. 618-619 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1885): 'Official Catalogue', 1885, p. 317

(**1891): 'Post Office London Trades Directory', 1891, p. 480-481 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1893): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1893, p. 656-664 (Gallica)

(*1895): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1895, p. 717-724 (Gallica)

(**1895): 'Post Office London Directory, 1895, p. 2038-2039 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1896): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1896, p. 954-955 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1897): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1897, p. 834-841 (Gallica)

 

 

(**1901): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1901, p. 1050-1051 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1903): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1903, p. 1103-1110 (Gallica)

(**1903): 'The London Gazette', 24/04/1903, p. 2670 (TheGazette.co.uk)

(**1904) : 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1904, p. 1129-1130 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1906): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique', 1906, p. 1091-1100 (Gallica)

(*1909): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1909, p. 1105-1113 (Gallica)

(*1910): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1910, p. 1144-1153 (Gallica)

(*1914): 'Post Office London Directory', 1914, p. 1837-1838 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1915): 'Post Office London Directory', 1915, p. 1796-1797 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1916): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1916, p. 606 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1917): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1917, p. 592-593 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1918): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1918, p. 571-572 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1919): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1919, p. 555 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1921): 'The Music Trade Directory', Volume 32, 1921

(*1927): 'Stoke Newington', 1927, p. 2

(*1939): 'Mechanical World and Engineering Record', 1939, p. 473

(1): 'Histoire de piano de 1700 à 1950', Mario Pizzi, 1983

(2): 'Makers of the Piano 1700-1820' and 'Makers of the Piano 1820-1860', Martha Novak Clinkscale, 1993

 

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