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Pianoforte-makers in England

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Brand Image Info Addresses
       
SABIN Frederick Ferreday & William Henry  

"Piano-forte, Harp, & Music Warehouse. F. F. and W. H. Sabin, (Late with John Broadwood and Sons,) Tuners and repairers, 25, Bull Street, Birmingham. Piano-Fortes and Harps lent on hire. Second-hand Piano-Fortes of every description." History, gazetteer, and directory, of Warwickshire, 1850, p. 21

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer and repairers ca. 1849-67 25, Bull Street (*1849)(**1850)(***1850)(**1867), houses : Balsal heath (***1850),  Birmingham
SAGGS Joshua 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884-93 7, Tichborne Street, Edgeware Road, W. (**1884)(*1893), London
SAFFELL Frederick Horace  

BRAND

TRIUMPH AUTO PIANOS Ltd. (1917)

Patent of 8 dec. 1942 : A patent of an 'Upright piano action', by the inventors Frederick Horace Saffell, Arthur Hopker, for the compagny Triumph Auto Pianos 1930 Ltd (Google - Patents)

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900

Successor of BARRATT & ROBINSON since 1914

SAFFELL & MARTIN (untill 1942)

1942 - "SAFFELL & MARTIN Limited. (In Voluntary Liquidation.) NOTICE is hereby given pursuant to section 245 of the Companies Act 1929, that Meetings of Members and creditors of the above named Company will be held at the offices of Triumph Auto Pianos (1930) Limited, 288, York Way, London, N. 7, on the 11th day of December, 1942, at 11.30 a.m. and 12 noon respectively to receive the account of the Liquidator showing how the winding-up of the Company has been conducted and its property disposed of and to hear any explanation that may befurnished by the Liquidator. — Dated this 5th day of November, 1942.(001) ROBERT W. B. KING, Liquidator." The London Gazette, 10/11/1942, p. 4894 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

Birmingham

288, York Way, Kings Cross (*1942), London

SALISBURY William Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1916-19 191, High Road, Lee, S.E. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
SALK 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. ?? London ?
SALTER Charles & Son  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-95

SALTER Charles & Son (**1882)

SALTER Charles (**1884)

SALTER & Son (**1891)(**1895)

 

98, Camden Road, N.W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(**1895), London
SAMES William

 

BRAND

'Pianoforte-brand' since 1855. - 'Also Harmonium & organbuilders.' (**1891)

Pianos made by GILES ?

End : 1927

 

331, Euston Road, N.W. (**1891)(*1895)(*1897), London

Mozart Works, Balsall Heath (**1891)(*1910), Birmingham

SAMSON George Robert  

Patent of 1868 : "Samson. 16th September 1868. - 2850. George Robert Samson, of 30, Wells Street, Oxford Street, in the County of Middlesex, for an invention for improvements in the construction of pianofortes. Provisional protection only." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted ..., 1869, p. 196

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1868 30, Wells Street, Oxford Street (**1869), Middlesex, London
SAMSON PIANO WORKS 'Pianoforte-maker' (date ?) London
SAMUEL Barnett & Sons 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1884-1915

SAMUEL Barnett & Sons Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

 

32, Worship Street (**1884), Luke Street, Curtain Road, E.C. (**1884), 135, Shepperton Road, N. (**1891)(**1895), 32-34, Worship Street, E.C. (**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), 36a, Northampton Street, Essex Road, N. (**1895), 32-34-36, Worship Street, E.C. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

SANDERS C. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904  3, Southerton Road, Hammersmith W. (**1904), London
SANDERS F. J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904  6, Thirsk Road, Lavender Hill, S.W. (**1904), London
SANDERSON G. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-09  Hensaw, Yradon (*1906)(*1909), Leeds
SANDERSON Joseph  

1839 - "The following Prisoners, whose Estates and Effects have been vested in the Provisional Assignee by Order of the Court, having filed their Schedules, are ordered to be brought up before the Court, at the Court-house, in Portugal-st., Lincoln’s-inn-fields, on Friday, Jan. 3, at 9, to be dealt with according to the Statute : [...] — Joseph Sanderson, Nichols'-st., Spitalfields, piano-fortemaker." The Jurist, Volume 3, 20/07/1839, p. 1035

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1839 Nichols'-Street, Spitalfields (**1839), London 
SANDILANDS William  

Patent of 1853 : "548. William Sandilands, of Elm Tree Lodge, South Lambeth, for an improved hopper for a piano-forte." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the ..., Volume 42, 1853, p. 316

 

'Pianoforte-maker' and 'pianoforte-key-maker' ca. 1852-53  3, Meadow Place, South Lambeth (**1852), Elm Tree Lodge, South Lambeth (*1853), London
SANDON & STEEDMAN 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1910, for STEEDMAN see also below.  

54, Queen Street, Camden Town, N.W. (**1882)(**1884), 4, Berners Street, W. (**1891), 35, Drummond Street, N.W. (**1891), 14, Chalton Street, Euston Road, [Somers Town], N. W. (**1884)(*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 11-14, Chalton Street, Somers Toawn, N.W. (**1895), London

 

SARVIS John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-84 11, Old Cavendish Street, W. (**1882)(**1884), London
SAUNDERS Brothers 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882 129, Great Portland Street, W. (**1882), London
SAUTTER Charles Maurice Elizek  

Patent of 1844 : "Charles Maurice Elizek Sautter, of Austin Friars, gentleman, for improvements in pianofortes. July 3." The Pianoforte, its origin, progress, and construction , Edward F. Rimbault, 1860, p. 156

 

'Gentleman' ca. 1844 Austin Friars (1844), London 
SAVILLE Walter & Co  

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1904-19 22-24, High Street, Stoke Newington, N. (**1904)(*1915)(*1916)(*1918)(*1919), London
SAWERS Thomas 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841 18, Little Marylebone Street (**1841), London
SAYERS Frank Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1901-16 41, Lewis Grove, Lewisham, S.E. (**1901)(**1904)(*1916), London
SCETTLAR Joseph 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1808-14 (4) 48, Wells Street, Oxford Street (1808-14)(4), London
SCHAEPE & VINCE
| SCHOEPE & VINCE
'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1808-20 19, Queen Street, Chelsea (*1808)(*1814)(*1817)(*1818)(*1820), London 
SCHAW Rich. & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1890 138a, Camden Road, N.W. (*1893), London
SCHLESINGR Max E. 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1884 12, Chapel Street, Whitecross Street, E.C. (**1884), London
SCHMALL Johan Mathias 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1795 (1) London
SCHMIDT-FLOHR  

SEE ALSO ...

  SCHMIDT-FLOHR in Switzerland

 

 

BRAND

Pianos made after 1911 by KEMBLE

 

London
SCHMIDT Hugo 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882 127, Warwick Road, Earl's ct. Road, S.W. (**1882), London
SCHMIDT Philippus  

Square pianoforte of 1780, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte of 1782, Musikhistorisk Museum & Carl Claudius' Samlung, Copenhagen, Denmark
Square pianoforte of 1783, and his nameplate,  Newport Hitorical Society, Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.

 
'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1780-90  2, Silver street, Golden Square (1785-90), London
SCHOENE Christian  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1790-94

SCHOENE & Co (*1794)

Will of C. SCHOENE or SCOENE, Piano Forte Maker of Princes Street Cavendish Square, London, 04/09/1794

 

22, Princes Street, Cavendish Square (*1794), Middlesex, London
SCHOENE S. P.  

 

Nameboard of a square piano, Collection Alain Roudier, France

Click on the photo to enlarge

SCHOENE & Co

Square pianoforte ca. 1781, Cité de la Musique, Paris, France
Square pianoforte ca. 1785, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, Spain
Square pianoforte n° 63 ca. 1789, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
Square pianoforte ca. 1795, Present owners unknown

SCHOENE & VINSEN

Square pianoforte ca. 1798, David Leigh Collection, Oxford, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1798, Present owners unknown
Square pianoforte 1798, Woodlawn, Mount Vernon, V.A., U.S.
Square pianoforte ca. 1798, Private collection Cirencester, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1799, Present owners unknown

 

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1793-1806

Successor of   ZUMPE

One of the 'Twelve apostles'

SCHOENE & VINSEN (ca. 1798-99)

SCHOENE & REYCK [sic] from 1806 (*1807)(*1809), see also REYK


(continuation)

"Na het overlijden van SUMPE [sic], werd deszelfs Fabriek door zijn landsman, den voornoemden SCHOENE, voortgezet. Tegenwoordig luidt de Firma SCHOENE en REIJK. Menig liefhebber zal het register hunner artikulen, met bijgevoegde prijzen, niet welkom zijn.
- Groote roijale Piano forto's, (Grand piano Fortos) van 6 octaven, 85 guinies;
- dito van 5 1/2 octaaf, 75 guinies;
- kleine (Smal Piano Fortos) met cirkelronde einden, 6 octaven, 3 pedalen, 60 guinies;
- dito 5 1/2 octaaf, 54 guinies;
- dito vierkant, 6 octaven, 46 guinies;
- dito dito van 5 1/2, 40 guinies;
- dito dito kleiner van 5 1/2 octaaf, 32 guinies.
- De volgende zijn van geen gezette prijzen (Additiona[l] keys), vierkant, 6 voet lang, 36 guinies;
- dito 5 1/2 voet, 26 guinies;
de gemeene en kleinste 20 guinies.
Deze prijzen zijn van SCHOENE en REIJK; evengelijke goede arbeid kan van anderen niet wel tot geringer prijzen geleverd worden. Het zijn vaste prijzen, naar de gesteldheid der bestellingen.
- Reis Piano Forto's (Travelling Piano Fortos) zijn slechts 3 1/2 voet lang, en hebben 4 1/2 octaaf, 12 guinies; deze worden alleen voor Rusland gemaakt. Alle overige gaan naar Spanje, Amerika, Rusland, en in geringer menigte, naar verscheiden werelddelen." Nieuwste reize door Engeland, Schotland en Ierland, voornamentlijk ..., Philipp Andreas Nemnich, 1809, p. 285-287

 

45, Paddington Street (1801-1806)(2)(*1807), London
 

SCHOLEFIELD PIANO MANUFACTURING Co Ltd.

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1916-19 36, Ashbrook Road, Upper Holloway, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
SCHOLEY James Arthur Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1916-17 265, Balham High Road, S.W. (*1916)(*1917), London
SCHOTTAND & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1910 48, Great Marlborough Street, W.(*1910), London
SCHRADER & HARTZ 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1803 7, Prince Street, Hannover Square (*1803), London 
SCHREIBER PIANO & ORGAN Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1891-95

Proprietor : R. SCHREIBER (**1891)

Newman Mansions, 3, Newman Street, W. (**1891), 14, Hanway Street, W. (**1895), London 
SCHUBERT PIANO Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. ??  London 
SCHUCHT John Henry

& John Adam  SCHOENEWALD
| SCHÖNEWALD | SCHONEWALD

 

Patent of 1867 : "Schucht. - 4th January 1867. - John Henry Schucht, of No. 14, Store Street, Bedford Square, in the County of Middlesex, Pianoforte Manufacturer, for an invention for Improvements in the action of upright pianofortes. Provisional protection only." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents, 1868, p. 5

Patent of 1868 : "2836. JOHN HENRY SCHUCHT, Store-street, Bedford-square, London, Improvements in the construction of pianofortes, violins, guitars, organs, and other similar musical instruments." The Engineer, Volume 26, 23/10/1868, p. 321

 

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1867-1910

"Friday, June 21. Bankrupty annuled. [...] Schucht, John Henry, and Schonewald, John Adam, Store-street, Bedford-square, pianoforte-makers." The Illustrated London News, Volume 50, 1867, p. 650

SCHUCHT John Henry (*1868)

SCHUCHT & SCHOENEWALD (*1867)(**1870)(**1882)(*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1909)

 

14, Store Street, Bedford Square, W.C. (*1867)(*1868)(**1870)(**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London
SCHULER William Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer and agent ca. 1914  31, Fitzroy Square, W. (*1914), London 
SCHUPPISSER Alfred Henry  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-1914

MONK & SCHUPPISSER (**1891)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), see also MONK

SCHUPPISSER Alfred Henry (*1914)

 

 

Greenland Place, Camden Town, N.W. (**1891)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), King's Place, King Street,  Camden Town, N.W. (*1914), London

 

SCHUPPISSER Charles Erard  

BRANDS

Henry SCHUPPISSER & Sons
CHUDLEIGH & Co
THE SELBYN PIANO Co

 
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1903

SCHUPPISSER Charles Erard & SCHUPPISSER Francis Louis (**1903)

Bankrupt in 8 may 1903, The London Gazette, 24/04/1903, p. 2670 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

 

30, Ashworth Mansions, Elgin Avenue, Maida Vale (**1903), London 

 

SCHUPPISSER Francis Louis  

BRANDS

Henry SCHUPPISSER & Sons
CHUDLEIGH & Co
THE SELBYN PIANO Co

 
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1903

SCHUPPISSER Charles Erard & SCHUPPISSER Francis Louis (**1903)

Bankrupt in 8 may 1903, The London Gazette, 24/04/1903, p. 2670 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

 

23, Carlton Mansions, Portsdown Road, Maida Vale (**1903), London 

 

SCHUPPISSER Henry  

SEE ALSO ...

  MONK & SCHUPPISSER

 

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1870-1910

SCHUPPISSER Henry (**1870)(**1882)(**1884)

SCHUPPISSER Henry & Sons (**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

Bankrupt in 8 may 1903, The London Gazette, 24/04/1903, p. 2670 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

 

36, High Street, Camden Town, N.W. (**1870)(**1882)(**1884)(*1893), Cumberland Market, N.W. (**1891), Royal Park, buildings, Arlington Road, N.W. (*1893), 5-7, Buck Street, Camden Town, N.W. (**1895), 5, Buck Street, Camden Town, N.W. (**1891)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London 

 

SCHWIESO John Charles

 

 

Patent Harp of J. C. SCHWIESO & Compagny, The Harmonicon, 05/1827, p. 114

 

Patent of 1826 : "Specification of the Patent granted to John Charles Schwieso, of Regent-Street, County of Middlesex, Musical Instrument Maker, for improvements on certain Stringed Musical Instruments. Dated Aug. 22, 1826. [...][...][...]" The Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements, 1828, p. 1

Patent of 1831 : "To John Charles Schwieso, of Regent Street, in the county of Middlesex, musical instrument maker, for his having invented certain improvements on piano fortes and other stringed instruments.--2d February, 6 months." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1831, p. 358 - or - Cast-iron wrest, plank." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 204 (archive.org)

 

 

'Musical-Instrument-maker' or 'Harp - and Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1821-41

Bankrupt in 1820, Blackwood's Magazine, Volume 8, 1821, p. 347 - and - The London Gazette, 26/02/1822, p. 350

SCHWIESO John Charles & GROSJEAN Fretz (**1821)(*1822)(**1822), 'Harp Makers' with the 'Cambrian Pedal Harp', in an 'Essay on the harp', Transactions of the Cymmrodorion, Or, Metropolitan Cambrian, 1822, p. 93

SCHWIESO J. C. (**1822), 'harp maker'

SCHWIESO & Co (1825)

Bankrupt in 24 february 1832, The Bankrupt Directory: Being a Complete Register of All the Bankrupts, with ..., 1843, p. 364

SCHWIESO Charles & Co (**1841)

 

11, Soho Square (**1821)(*1822)(**1822), 28, Tottenham Street (**1822), [263], Regent Street, Tottenham Street, Middlesex (1827)(*1828)(**1831), 27, Tottenham Street, Tottenham Court Road (xx1832), 74, George Street, Euston Square (**1841)(***1841), London 
SCIPEO & SCIPEO 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1910

SCIPEO Jessie (1896)

 

595-597, Old Kent Road, S.E. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 158, Lewisham High Road, New Cross, S.E. (**1896), London

 

SCIPEO Arthur Charles

 

Patent of  July 21, 1919 : Hardcastle, J. J. J., and Scipeo, A. C., About Pianoforte soundboards and sound-intensifiers. (see link)

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895-1919

SEE ALSO ...

John Julius Jones HARDCASTLE

 

190, Holloway Road, N. (**1895), 100, Holloway Road, N. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1909), London
SCLETTAR J. & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1808 48, Well Street, Oxford Street(*1808), London 
SCOTCHER Charles

 

 

Image of a pianoforte in an advertisement, The Musical World, Volume 22, 1847, p. 179

 

 

Image of a harmonium and a pianoforte in an advertisement, Corporation general and trades directory of Birmingham ... and Wolverhampton, 1861, p. 103

 

"PIANOFORTES FOR SALE. - A very superior and powerful toned 6 3/4 Octave Rosewood COTTAGE, bv Zeitter and Co., with metallic string plate, check action, &c, cost 60 guineas a short time since, and will now be sold for half that sum ; an elegant Rosewood Semi-CABINET, 6 3/4 octaves, with all the latest improvement-, only 35 guineas; a COTTAGE, 14 guineas: a 6 OCTAVE SQUARE, by Broadwood, with metallic spring plate, only 18, cost 52 guineas; a 3 1/2 DITTO, 4. Also, a variety of new and improved CABINET, COTTAGE and PICCOLO PIANOFORTES from 25 guineas each. Packed free of expense. C. SCOTCHER, (from Collard and Collard's). 60, Mortimer-street. Cavendish-square. Pianofortes Taken In Exchange." The Musical World, Volume 22, 1847, p. 179

"C. SCOTCHERS'S - celebrated 25-Guinea Price Medal - Cottage Piano-Fortes, Need only to be see and Tried to ba Apreciated. They are first-class Instruments, in superior Rosewood and Walnut Cases, warranted to stand in any climate. C.S. has always on sale a variety of New and Second-hand Piano-fortes, from 12 guineas; Cabinets from 6 guineas, and square from 3 guineas each. Harmoniums, by Alexander, from 6 guineas; and Harps by Erard, from 10 guineas; also, every description of Musical Instruments direct from the manufacturers inLondon and Paris. C. Scotcher, 35, Bull Street, opposite Temple Row, Birmingham; and 70, Mortimer Street Square, London." Corporation general and trades directory of Birmingham ... and Wolverhampton, 1861, p. 103

 

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1842-67

SCOTCHER Charles & Son (**1867)


(continuation)

"Scotcher Charles, piano forte manufacturer, and music seller; sole manufacturer of the celebrated twenty-five guinea London model cottage pianofortes; also, secondhand pianofortes, by Broadwood, Collard, and other makers, from five guineas; harmoniums and other musical instruments in great variety; 35, Bull street; London warehouse, 70, Mortimer street, Cavendish square W." Corporation general and trades directory of Birmingham ... and Wolverhampton, 1861, p. 288

 

17, Norton Street, Fitzroy Square (x1842), 60, Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square (*1847), London warehouse : 70, Mortimer street, Cavendish square, W. (**1852)(x1861), London

35, Bull Street, opposit Temple Row (x1861), 36, Bull Street (**1867), Birmingham

SCOTCHER Thomas  

1844 - "Petition of Thomas Scotcher, at present, and for nine years last past, residing at No. 14, Seymour-street, in the parish of Saint Pancras, and county of Middlesex, and being, for the last eighteen months last past, a Journeyman Piano Forte Maker, and before then a Piano Forte Maker, trading under the firm of Scotcher and Co. having been filed in the Court of Bankruptcy, and the interim order for protection from process having been given to the said Thomas Scotcher, under the provisions of an Act of Parliament, passed in the Parliament holden in the fifth and sixth years of the reign of Her present Majesty, intituled “An Act for the relief of insolvent debtors,” the said Thomas Scotcher is hereby required to appear in Court before John Herman Merivale, Esq. the Commissioner acting in the matter of the said Petition, on the 10th day of January instant, at eleven of the clock in the forenoon precisely, at the Court of Bankruptcy, in Basinghallstreet, in the city of London, for the purpose of being then and there examined touching his debts, estate, and effects, and to be further dealt with according to the provisions of the said, Act. All persons indebted to the said Thomas Scotcher, or that have any of his effects, are not to pay or deliver the same but to Mr. Green, No. 18, Aldermanbury, the Official Assignee, nominated in that behalf by the Commissioner acting in the matter of the said Petition." The London Gazette, 1844, p. 67

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842-44

SCOTCHER & Co (*1844)


(continuation)

"COURT FOR RELIEF OF INSOLVENT DEBTORS. [...] Thomas Scotcher, late of No. 122, Drummond-street, Euston-square, Middlesex, Pianoforte Manufacturer, before then of No. 122 and No. 123, Drummond-street aforesaid, Pianoforte Manufacturer and Licensed Retailer of Beer and Tobacco." The London Gazette, 14/02/1851, p. 403

14, Seymour Street, [Euston Square], Saint Pancras, Middlesex (x1842)(*1844), London 
SCOTCHMOOR George Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1914-15 10, Huddart Street, St. Paul's Road, E. (*1914)(*1915), London 
SCOTT Alexander  

Patent of 1801 : "Antonius Bemetzrieder, of Chelsea, Middlesex, master of arts; and Robert Scott, John Scott, and Alexander Scott, of Margaret-street, Cavendish-square, Middlesex, musical-instrument makers; for a method of making piano-fortes, entirely new, both in principle, construction, and shape. Dated November 10." The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for 1801, p. 457

 
'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1801

 

Margaret Street, Cavendish, Cavendish Square, Middlesex (*1801), London 
SCOTT & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1818-23 29, Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square (*1818)(*1820)(*1823), London 
SCOTT G.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1903-10

 

11, George Street (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Brighton
SCOTT Henry J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884 147, Prince of Wales Road, N.W. (**1884), London 
SCOTT John  

Patent of 1801 : "Antonius Bemetzrieder, of Chelsea, Middlesex, master of arts; and Robert Scott, John Scott, and Alexander Scott, of Margaret-street, Cavendish-square, Middlesex, musical-instrument makers; for a method of making piano-fortes, entirely new, both in principle, construction, and shape. Dated November 10." The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for 1801, p. 457 - see also BEMETZRIEDER

 
'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1801-08

SCOTT & Co (*1807)(*1808)

 Margaret Street, Cavendish, Cavendish Square, Middlesex (*1801), 15, Margareth Street, Cavendish Square (*1807)(*1808), London 
SCOTT John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843 26, New Road, Sloane Street (*1843), London 
SCOTT Robert  

Patent of 1801 : "Antonius Bemetzrieder, of Chelsea, Middlesex, master of arts; and Robert Scott, John Scott, and Alexander Scott, of Margaret-street, Cavendish-square, Middlesex, musical-instrument makers; for a method of making piano-fortes, entirely new, both in principle, construction, and shape. Dated November 10." The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for 1801, p. 457 - see also BEMETZRIEDER

 
'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1801 Margaret Street, Cavendish, Cavendish Square, Middlesex (*1801), London 
SCRINE Wilfred Percy Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1918-19 4, Gowan Avenue, Fulham, S.W.  (*1918)(*1919), 89, Dawes Road, Fulham, S.W. (*1919), London
SCULTHORPE G. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904 17, Dumont Road, Stoke Newington, N. (**1904), London
SEAFORD Mrs. Kate 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882 291, Oxford Street, E. (**1882), London
SEAGER [Alfred] Samuel 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904-10 163, Stanstead Road, Forest Hill, S.E. (**1904), 04, Blackstock Road (*1910), London
SEAGER Brothers 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1897 100d, Blackstock Road, Finsbury Park, N. (**1904), London
SEAGER George  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852-1909

SEAGER George (**1852)(**1882)(**1884)(**1896)

SEAGER & SEAGER (**1891)(*1895)(*1897)

SEAGER George (*1909)

 

181, Great Dover Street, Borough (**1852), 66, Worship Street, Maple Road Penge, Finsbury, E.C. (**1882)(**1884)(*1893)(*1897)(*1909), 52, Maple Road Penge, S.E. (**1896), 131, Albert Street, Regent's Park, N.W. (**1891)(*1895)(*1897), London
SEAGER William Bacon 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882 737, Old Kent Road, S.E. (**1882), London
SEALEY D. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1893 124, Old Kent Road, S.E. (*1893), London
SEAMAN PIANO Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1918 120, Cottenham Road, Upper Holloway, N. (*1918), London
SEATON Charles Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 Crystal Palace, Sydenham, S. E. (*1906)(*1910), London
SEAVERS Christopher 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1778 Silver street (??), London
SEEGER H. A. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 Liverpool
SEER George 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843 15, Kenton Street Brunswick Square (*1843), London 
SEER William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-43 7a, Hollywell Street Millbank (**1841)(*1843), London 
SEEGER H. A.  

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1866

3800 pianos in 1900 (1)

End : 1962

 

Liverpool
SEIDEL & NAUMANN 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895 23, Moore Lane, Fore Street, E.C.  (**1895), London 
SESTCHER Thomas 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841 14, Seymour Street, Euston Square (**1841), London
SEWELL & SEWELL 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1884-1915

SEWELL & SEWELL Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

 

8-10, Worship Street, E.C. (**1884), 8, Worship Street, City Road(*1893), 8-10-12-16-19-21 & 23, Worship Street, E.C. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

SHARP John Colston  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1914

SHARP J. (*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

SHARP John Colston & Son (*1914)(*1915)

 

2, Kensington Park Road, W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(**1895)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)(*1914)(*1915), London
SHARPE B. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1903-10 Queensbury (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Bradford
SHARPE E. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1893  130, York Road, King's Cross, N. (*1893), London
SHARPS Richard  

1845 - "Insolvent Debtors [...]Richard Sharps, late of Mansfield-street, Saint Ann-street, then lodging in Brownlow-street, occupying a Workshop in Hanover-street, then lodging in Cameron-street, afterwards in Portland-street, occupying a Workshop in Suffolk-street, then residing and having Workshops in Great Richmond-street, Piano Forte Manufacturer, then of Leece-street, Flour and Provision Dealer, then lodging in Egypt-street, occupying Workshops in Back Elizabethstreet, Brownlow-hill, Piano Forte Dealer, then of Vauxhall road, Grocer and Provision Dealer, under the firm of Richards and Co. and late a Lodger in Egypt-street, all in Liverpool, Journeyman Piano Forte Manufacturer and Cabinet Maker." The London Gazette, 1845, p. 2016

 

'Journeyman Piano Forte Manufacturer and Cabinet Maker' ca. 1845

Patent of 1858 : "Dated May 5, 1858 - Richard Sharp, of Liverpool, pianoforte manufacturer. Improvements in pianofortes." Mechanics Magazine, Volume 68, 1858, p. 549

 (addresses see 'COURT'), Liverpool
SHATTUCK Amos 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1868-74 House Maple, E.W. (**1868)(*1874) Woburn
SHATTUCK Nathan J. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 h. Canal (*1874), Woburn
SHAW John & Edwin  

Patent of 1856 : "2370. John Shaw, and Edwin Shaw, both of Glossop, Derbyshire, for certain improvements in piano-fortes, organs, harmoniums, and other similar keyed musical instruments." The London journal of arts and sciences (and repertory of patent inventions, 1856, p. 372

 

'Pianoforte-manudacturer' ca. 1850 Glossop, Derbyshire
SHAW Joseph  

Patent of 1853 : "2981. Joseph Shaw, pianoforte manufacturer, of Hatton-garden, Middlesex. Improvements in pianofortes. A communication." Mechanic's Magazine, 1854, p. 69

 

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ca. 1850-82 1, Gough Street, north, Gray's Inn Road (**1852), 87, Hatton Garden, Middlesex (*1850)(**1852)(***1853)(y1854)(y1857), 9a, Georgiana Street, Camden Town, N.W. (**1882), London
SHAW Richard & Son 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882-84 138a, Camden Road, N.W. (**1882)(**1884), 1, Healey Street, Kentish Town, N.W. (**1884), London
SHAW Thomas George 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-95  

17[a], York Place, Portman Square, W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893), 17, York Place, Portman Square, W. (**1895), London

 

SHAWT G. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1909-10 136, Great Jackson Street (*1909)(*1910), Manchester
SHEAD W. V. & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1914-15 85, Oriel Road, Homerton, N.E. (*1914)(*1915), London
SHEARD Charles & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1906-10 196, Shaftesbury Avenue, W. (*1906)(*1910), London
SHELFORD H. & C. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1893 Kent Street, Weymouth ter, Hackney Road, E. (*1893), London
SCHELRER John & Sons Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1910 3, Kimmer Lane (*1910), Leeds
SHENSTONE

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1895-1915

SHENSTONE, SHENSTONE & Co (**1895)

SHENSTONE John & Son (*1914)(*1915)

 

67, Finsbury Pavement, E.C. (**1895), 32-33, Chapel Street, Edgware Road, W. (**1895), 55, Newington Butts, S.E. (**1895), 409, Hackney Road, N.E. (*1914)(*1915), 36a, Newington butts, S.E. (*1915), London
SHEPHERD Aaron 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-52 30, Sloane Square, Chelsea (**1841)(x1842)(*1843)(**1852), London
SHEPHERD E. G. & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 18?? 86, Arkwright Street (??), Nottingham
SHEPHERD John & William 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1901-04 219-221, Lewisham High Road, Brockley, S.E. (**1901)(**1904), 143, Rushhey Green, Catford, S.E. (**1901)(**1904), London
SHEPPARD James & Son
| SHEPHARD
'Pianoforte-makers' and 'repairers' ca. 1916-19 121, Goldhawk Road, Shepperd's Bush, W. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
SHERBORNE G. H. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1900 Newcastle
SHIEDMANN 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. ?? London ?
SHIELD Thomas 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1837 Northumberland Street (*1837), Newcastle
SHIELDS James 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1873 (*1873), Newcastle-upon-Tyne
SHILSTON John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852 33, Brewer Street, Somers tn. (**1852), London
SHIPMAN E. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1893 30, Prince of W. Road, N.W. (*1893), London
SHIPMAN & SHIPMAN 'Pianoforte-makers' since 1877  

Poynings Road, Junction Road, N. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(**1904)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)(*1914)(*1915)(*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London

 

SHIRLEY George 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-95 634, Commercal Road, East, E. (**1891)(**1895), London
SHORE F. 'Pianoforte-maker' (date ?) Halifax
SHUDI Burkat
alias Tschudi BURCKHARDT
 

Square pianoforte ca. 1780, Private collection, Grüningen, Switzerland
Square pianoforte ca. 1780, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1769-92

SHUDI Burkat (the younger) & BROADWOOD Johannes (1770-1792) - see also Tschudi BURCKHARDT

Patent of 1769 : "Dec. 18, 1769.— BURKAT Shudi, - Venetian swell over the strings." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 193 (archive.org)

 

Halifax
SHUTE William Osborn 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15 511-513, Liverpool Road, N. (*1914)(*1915), 6, Paradise Passage, Sheringham Road, N. (*1914)(*1915), London
, SICHEL O. & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891 52, Bunhill Row, E.C. (**1891), London
SIEMENS Andrew  

Grand pianoforte ca. 1795, Musikinstrumentenmuseum, Berlin, Germany

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1795

 

London
SIMONS George    

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1839-51

 

New Square, Chesterton (xx1839), 6, Regent Street (xx1851), Cambridgeshire
SIMMONS William  

Patent of 1816 : "WILLIAM SIMMONS, of Wigan, writing master, &c. ; for certain improvements applicable to keyed instruments, as the organ, pianoforte, harpsichord, or any other instrument or set of instruments to which keys are, or may, or can be affixed. May 14, 1816." Annals of Philosophy, Or, Magazine of Chemistry, Mineralogy ..., Volume 8, Thomas Thomson, 1816, p. 238

 

 

'Writing-master' ca. 1816

 

Wigan
SIMPSON James & John  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1770-94

SIMPSON James & John (*1786)

 

15, Sweeting's Alley, Cornhill (*1786)(*1794), London
SIMPSON Thomas  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1916-19

 

16-20, Church Road, Homerton, N.E. (*1916)(*1917), 20, Church Road, Homerton, N.E. (*1918)(*1919), London
SIMPSON William  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1855

1855 - "The following Prisoners are ordered to be brought up before a Judge of the County Court, to be examined and dealt with according to the Statute : At the County Court of Lancashire, at LANCASTER, Jan. 20 at 12 [...] Wm. Simpson, Chorltonupon-Medlock, Manchester, pianoforte maker." The Jurist, 1855, p. 9

Chorlton-upon-Medlock (**1855), Manchester
SIMSON J. K. & Co Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1909-10 163, Gower Street, W.C. (*1909)(*1910), London
SKEATES V. H. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 35, Tredegar Road, E. (*1906)(*1910), London
SKELTON George 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841 55, Upper John Street, Fitzroy Square (**1841), London
SKERRATT George Ernest Cecil & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1914 63-65, Dove Row, Goldsmith's Row, N.E. (*1914), London
SKERRATT Henry  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1891-97

SKERRATT Henry George (**1891)(**1895)

SKERRATT Henry J. (*1895)(*1897)

SKERRATT Brothers (??)

 

66, Brewery Road (??), 23, Canonbury Lane, Islington, N.(**1891), Factory : 19, Park Street, Islington, N. (**1891), 213, Canonbury Lane, N. (*1895)(*1897), Factories ; Compton Avenue, N. (**1895), London
SKINNER Henry  

'Pianoforte-maker'  ca. 1874

 

h. Pine, E.W. (*1874), Woburn
SLEEBUSH Joseph & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1914-15 20, Raverley Street, Bow, E. (*1914)(*1915), London
SMART Charles Isaac

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1871-95

AVILL & SMART, untill 1871, see also AVILL

1871 - "NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership heretofore subsisting between the undersigned, Elizabeth Avill and Charles Isaac Smart, in the trade or business of Piano Forte Manufacturers, carried on at Nos. 14 and 15, Holywell-row, Shoreditch, in the county of Middlesex, under the style and firm of Avill and Smart, was this day dissolved by mutual consent; and that the said trade or business will for the future be carried on by the said Charles Isaac Smart and William Avill, under the style or firm of Avill and Smart. All debts owing by the late partnership will be paidand all debts due will be received by the said Charles Isaac Smart and William Avill. — Witness our hands this 22nd day of June, 1871. Elizabeth Avill. Charles Isaac Smart." The London Gazette, 30/06/1871, p. 3025 (TheGazette.co.uk)

 

 

14-15, Holywell Row, Shoreditch, Middlesex (**1871), Apollo Works, Tabernacle Square, Finsbury, E.C. (**1884), Wood Street, Finsbury, E.C., Apollo Works, 75-85, Tabernacle Street, Short Street (**1891)(**1895), Glover Street (**1895), Singer Street, Finsbury, E.C. (**1891)(**1895), London

SMART George 'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1794 331, Oxford Street (*1794), London
SMART Henry

(? - 1824)

 

Patent of 1823 : "H. Smart, of Berner's-street, Middlesex, for improvements in the construction of piano-fortes. - July 24. 1823." Colburn's New Monthly Magazine, 1823, p. 456 - More info : The Quarterly Musical Magazine and review, 1823, p. 65-66

Cast-iron brace for a square piano, Quarterly Musical Magazine and review, 1823, p. 66

 

'Pianoforte-maker' and violinist ca. 1823-25

NECROLOGY

"Mr. Henry Smart. Nov. 27. Of a typhus fever at Dublin (whither be had gone to superintend the debut of his pupil, Miss Coward,) Mr. Henry Smart. Mr. Smart began his musical education under Mr. Cramer, and played in the early part of his life in the Orchestras of the Opera, Haymarket Theatre, and at the Ancient Concert. At the opening of the English Opera House, he was engaged as leader, and continued in that capacity for several years. When the present Drurylane Theatre opened, Mr. Smart was also retained as its leader; and, we believe, it was his peculiar pride to have formed that orchestra entirely of English artists; and in such estimation did they hold his character, that on his retirement from the Theatre in 1821, tbe Orchestra presented him with a silver cup, as a mark of their gratitude and his merits. Mr. Smart was leader at the Oratorios, at which he had assisted since they were under the conduct uf bis brother, Sir George Smart, which began in 1813. In 1820 Mr. Smart entered into a manufactory for piano-fortes, and, but a very short period since, had obtained a patent for an Important improvement in the touch of these instruments. He was distinguished by great urbanity of manners. In his nature he was kind, generous, and humane. He always evinced an ardent love of his art, and, on all occasions, private reeling gave way to public interests in its exercise." The Gentleman's Magazine, 1824, p. 186

 

27, Berner's Street, [Oxford Street], Middlesex (*1823)(**1823)(x1825), London
SMART Henry S.  

"All the NEW MUSIC kept in Stock. PIANOFORTES - HARMONIUMS, & AMERICAN ORGANS, for sale and hire. H. S. SMART - Pianoforte and Music Seller, BY BANK BUILDINGS, 119 HIGH STREET. PIANOFORTES FOR SALE from 20 gs. upwards, By Broachvood, Collard., Hopkinson, Chappell, Allison, Ibach, and other First-Class London & Continental Makers. TERMS OF PURCHASE. - Purchasers, in addition to the advantages of Lowness of Price may adopt any of the following terms, viz : —
1st— Erady Money, for which a liberal Discount will be given.
2nd— Hire for Six Months (for the purpose of trial), at moderate rates, and if pvirchased, then no charg'e made for Hire. 3rd— Pianos Hired out for Three Years at the following rates, after which, and without any further Payment, the Pianoforte
becomes the Property of the Hirer, viz : —
28 Guinea Cottage, £ 2 10 6 per Quarter.
36 Guinea Cottage, £ 3 7 6 per Quarter.
42 Guinea Cottage, £ 3 16 6 per Quarter.
45 Guinea Cottage, £ 4 2 0 per Quarter.
Other Instruments on the same liberal Terms. PAYMENTS QUARTERLY, OLD PIANOS TAKEN W EXCHANGE.
PIANOFORTES FOR HIRE, By the Night, Week, Month, or Year, from 7s. to 21s. per month.
Parties who find it unsuitable to hire can have the use of a Piano on the Premises, at a small weekly charge. PIANOS TUNED AND REPAIRED. All New Dance Music received as soon as published." The Portobello & district directory, 1889-90, p.
5

 

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1871-90


(continuation)

"H. S. SMART, Pianoforte, Hamonium, & American Organ Seller, Begs to call attention to the following list of Superior Pianos, by the most celebrated makers, which may be seen at No. 2 Bank Buildings, and can be had on the most advantageous terms — a liberal discount for Cash, or on the Three Years System.
BROAD WOOD & SONS' No. 3c New Iron Cottage Piano, complete Iron Frame, with Metal Pin Piece, Trichord, &c., in Rosewood Case, with Marquetrie Ornamentations, -  Price 70 Gs.
The finest Cottage Piano in the Market. COLLARD & COLLARD'S METAL FRAME PIANINO, Full Trichord, Check Action, Panel Front and Trusses, Rosewood, 45 Gs.
RALPH ALLISON & SONS' NEW MODEL, Class No. 2, Vertical Iron Frame, Trichord, Check Action, Brass Pin Plate, Rosewood or Walnut, 43 Gs.
HOPKINSON'S PIANINO, with Entire Iron Frame, Panel Front, and Trusses, in Walnut, 40 Gs.
CHAPPELL'S NEW IRON FRAMED COTTAGE PIANO, Check Action, Trichord throughout. Brass Pin Plate, in Rosewood Case, 40 Gs.
IBACH & SONS' UPRIGHT PIANO, Model 12, Iron Frame, Check Action, &c.. Incised and Gold Panel Front, with Sconces and Bracket Trusses, in a Very Handsome Walnut and Gold Case, 55 Gs.
A Large Selection of NEW COTTAGE PIANOS, always kept in Stock, from 25 Gs.
Owing to a large Hiring Trade, H. S. SMART has always in stock a number of Second-liand Instruraents, most of wMch, having been only a short time in use, are little inferior to new, and are GREATLY REDUCED IN PRICE.
AMERICAN ORGANS by Mason & Hamlin, Clough and Warren, &c., and HARMONIUMS by Trayser, &c., for Sale from 8 Gs., or on Hire. Special attention is called to thefoUoioing remarkable/ Cheap Instrument : — METZLER'S " MARLBOROUGH ORGAN, Compass 5 Octaves (F to F ), with 5 Stops and Knee Swell, which will be found to act most effectively. This Organ is capable of a wonderful variety of tone. In Substantial case of Solid Walnut of very neat design. Price only £15 (subject to large Discount for Cash), to be seen at 119 HIGH STREET, PORTOBELLO."
The Portobello & district directory, 1889-90, p. 52

 

Bank Buildings, 119, High Street (x1889-90), London
SMITH  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10

SMITH & Co (*1906)

SMITH M. (*1909)

SMITH G. F. (*1910)

 

129, Newington Buts, S.E. (*1906)(*1909), London
SMITH Albert Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1914-15 195, High Road, Kilburn, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London
SMITH Andrew 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895-1915  

36, North Road, Caledonian Road, [Cattle Market], N. (**1895)(*1914)(*1915), London

179, Oxford Road (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Manchester

 

SMITH BARTLETT Junior & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1852 Glebe Place, Chelsea (**1852), London
SMITH & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1909 168, John Street Road, Islington (*1909), London
SMITH Charles & Co  

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1816-25

SMITH Charles & Co (*1816)(**1817)(*1818)

SMITH Charles (x1825)

 

Upper Rathbone Place, Oxford Street (*1816)(**1817)(*1818), 12, Charles Street, Middlesex Hospital (x1825), London
SMITH Charles  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842

 

Pritchards Road, Hackney Fields  (x1842), London
SMITH Charles  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882

 

30, Lacey Street, Bow, E. (**1882), London
SMITH & DAWSON Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1914-19  24a, Stoke Newington Road, N. (*1914)(*1915)(*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
SMITH Egerton & TODD Thomas  

'Pianoforte-makers'  ?  ca. 1801

Patent of 1801 : "June 5, 1801. - Egerton Smith and Thomas Todd - Tuning by means of screw and lever, or by a wheel axle, and pulley ; which allow of any number of strings being drawn up by one weight over a wheel or axle." " The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 199 (archive.org)

London ?
SMITH George Frederick  

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1910-15

Established in 1846

129/3, Newington Butts, S.E. (*1910), 129-131, Newington Butts, S.E. (*1914)(*1915), London
SMITH Henry  

'Musical Instrument maker' ca. 1818

 

6, Bilston Street (x1818), Wolverhampton
SMITH James Muir  

PARIS - "Smith, James Muir; Fabrieant de pianos ; 116 & 118, Bayham Street, Camden Town, London. Un piano." Catalogue officiel de la section anglaise, 1878, p. 67 (archive.org)

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1870-93

SMITH James (*1893)

Exhibitors list Paris, 1878

 

 

16, Bryan Street, Calodonian Road, N. (**1870)(**1882)(**1884), 118, Bayham Street, N.W.(**1882)(**1891), 116-118, Bayham Street, N.W. (**1878)(**1884)(*1893), London

 

SMITH James & Son Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1875 76, Lord Street (*1875), Liverpool
SMITH Joseph

 

Patent of 1799 : "Joseph SMITH, of the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, in the county of Middlesex, Gentleman ; for improvements in the internal bracings of piano-fortes, so as to admit the introdućtion of a drum, tambour, or tambourine, with ficks or beaters there unto belonging. Dated Oćtober 3, 1799." The Repertory Of Arts And Manufactures: Consisting Of ..., 1800, p. 71

 
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1799

 

 St. Martin in the Fields, Middlesex (*1800), London
SMITH KENNA William  

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1900 Manchester
SMITH Phillip John & Sons  

"Phillip J. Smith & Sons - Patent Iron Strutted Pianofores. Combine the following advantages : Greater and more direct resistance between the extremes of tension, causing the instrument to stand better in tune. Less liability to derangement from sudden changes of temperature, and consequently great durability. Greater firniness and aquality of touch. Purer quality of tone. P. J. Smith and sons, 1, Royal Promenade, Queen's Road; and Park Row, Bristol." Monthly Musical Record, Volume 2, 01/10/1872, p. 154

 

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1872-1910

SMITH P. J. & Son (**1872)

SMITH P. J. & Sons (**1884)

SMITH P. J. & Son (*1910)

Exhibitors list London, 1872

 

1, Royal Promenade, Queen's Road; and Park Row (**1872), Bristol

3-4, Princess Street, Cavendish Square, W. (**1882)(**1884), 13, Berners Street, Oxford Street, W. (**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London

SMITH R. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 188, Strand, W.C. (*1906)(*1910), London
SMITH R. P. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 3, Talbot Court, E.C. (*1906)(*1910), London
SMITH Ralph & Co  

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1870

 

171, Bischopsgate Street, E.C. (**1870), London
SMITH Sidney Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895-1910 764, Rochdale Road (*1895)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Manchester
SMITH & Sons  

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1870

 

Royal Promenade, Queen's Road (**1870), London
SMITH Sons & Co Ltd.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1900

 

 

London

Manchester

Sheffield

 

SMITH Walter & Co Ltd. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1900 Bolton
SMITH & WHINKUP

 

"SMITH & WHINKUP, sole manufacturers of the IMPROVED SOLID PIANO FORTES, And MUSIC SELLERS, No. 1, WADE-STREET, WOODHOUSE LANE, LEEDS. & W.’s PIANO FORTES, for purity of Tone, elasticity of Touch, and  soundness of Workmanship, cannot be surpassed; and are made on an infallible Principle for extreme Climates, at Prices as low as good durable Piano Fortes can be made for PIANO FORTES TUNED AND REPAIRED. SECOND-HAND PIANO FORTES TAKEN IN EXCHANGE. N. B. All Instruments of S. & W’s. Manufacture warranted." Williams's Directory of the Borough of Leeds: Giving an Entirely New ..., 1845, p. 33

 
 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1845-84

 

1, Wade Street, Woodhouse Lane (*1845), 89, Cookridge Street (**1884), Leeds
SMITH William  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843-59

SMITH William (**1852)

SMITH & JACKSON (1859)

1859 - Partnership dissolved in 1859 between William SMITH and John JACKSON.

 

 1, Oval Road, Regent's Park (**1852), London
SMITH William C. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1884-1906 5, Crampton Street, Newington, S.E. (**1884)(*1906), London
SMITH William Frederick 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884-1915

SMITH W. F. & Co (*1914)(*1915)

 

168, St. John Street Road, N.W. [E.C.] (**1884)(**1891)(*1895)((**1895)*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), 400, John Street, E.C. (*1910)(*1914)(*1915), London

 

SMITH William Shepherd  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852

 

23, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square (**1852), London
SMITH & WINKUP
| WHINKUP
Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1846-1910 1, Wade Street (*1846), 89, Cookridge Street (*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Leeds
SMITH W. S.  

PARIS - "2000 Smith, W. S., à Londres, A. — Piano.
2000 Smith, W. S., London. Pianoforte."
Paris universal exhibition, 1855, p. 70

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1855

Exhibitors list Paris, 1855

 

 London
SMITHER F. D. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 1, St. Marcy'ster Street, Taling, W. (*1906)(*1910), London
SMYTH Francis  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843-45

SPOONER & SMYTH (*1843), see also SPOONER Richard, just below

Partnership dissolved in 1845 : "Spooner, B. and Smyth, F. piano-forte makers. Gloucester-st. Camden-town, Aug. 9. Debts paid by Spooner." The Law Times: The Journal and Record of the Law and the Lawyers, 23/08/1845, p. 452 - and - The London Gazette, 12/08/1845, p. 2437

 

55, Grove Street, Camdentown(*1843), Gloucester Street, Bayham Street, Camden Town (x1845), London
SMYTH Francis  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1867

 

Sampson Road, Stratford Road  (**1867), Birmingham
SMYTH Francis  

Advertisement in Business Directory of Birmingham', 1862, p. 252 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1862-67

SMYTH & SMYTH (xx1862)

 

30, Islington Row (xx1862)(**1867), Birmingham
SMYTH Francis  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1861

 

 81, Cregoe Street (x1861), Birmingham
SMYTH & ROBERTS

 

LONDON - "491 Smyth & Roberts, Birmingham - Inventors and Manufacturers. A 7- Sva cottage pianoforte, with grand action and repeat, having a sounding-board and back on the principle of a violoncello, &c., obtained by the application of an iron frame well secured between the sounding-board to tighten, in a different manner from other pianofortes. They are suited for hot climates." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition, 1851, p. 469

 

 

'Inventors and Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1851

Exhibitors list London, 1851

Birmingham
SMYTHS J. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 54, London Road, Forest Hill, S.E. (*1906)(*1910), London
SNEEZUM John  

1840 - "Notice is hereby given, that by a decree of his Honour the Vice-Chancellor, dated the 3d day of april 1840, made in a cause in the High Court of Chancery, wherein William Notman is plaintiff and John Sneezum is defendant, it was declared, that the Partnership lately subsisting between the said William Notman and John Sneezum, of John- street, Tottenham court-road, in the county of Middlesex, Piano Forte-Makers, should be disolved from the 11 th day of June 1838. - Dated this 16th day of May 1840. Walls and Son, Plaintiff's Solicitors, 40, Hat-street, Bloomsbury-square." The London Gazette, 09/06/1840, p. 1373

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1840-44

NOTMAN & SNEEZUM (1838), see also NOTMAN

 

John Street, Tottenham Court Road (xx1840), London
SNELL Harry  

"THE CHORDOEOLIAN. — Thia splendid instrument, uniting the qualities of the Pianoforte and Seraphine, on which any pianoforte-player may produce the most beautiful effects equal to a baud of instruments, niay be heard daily (until October 2nd) from 4 till 5 o'clock, at the POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTION. 309, Regent-street, where the inventor, R. SNELL, will attend on Mondays and Thursdays from 2 till 5 o'clock. The price of the Chordceolian is extremely moderate, and any pianoforte can be converted into a Chordoeolian at from 18 to 24 guineas. R. Snell's Organ and Pianoforte Manufactory, 7, Glebe Terrace, Ball's Pond." The Musical World, A Weekley Record of Musical Science Literature and ..., 17/09/1840, p. 192

 

'Organ and Pianoforte-manufactory' ca. 1840 7, Glebe Terrace, Ball's Pond (*1840), London
SNELL Harry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-19 53, Andrews Road, Hackney, N.E. (*1914)(*1915), 1a, Prince George Road, Stoke Newington, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
SOAMES Jonathan 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843 26, Cleveland, Street Fitzroy Square (*1843), London 
SOUL Mrs. Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1906-10 76, Renshaw Street (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Liverpool
SOUTHALL William  

LONDON - "469 Southall William, 16, Baker Street, Portman Square - Manufacturer. Grand pianoforte." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851, p. 464

 
'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1851

Exhibitors list London, 1851

 16, Baker Street, Portman Square (**1851), London 
SOUTHAM Cooper 'Pianoforte-maker' (date ?) London
SOUTHAM O. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904 Marlborough Yard, Upper Holloway, N. (**1904), London
SOUTHGATE J.  

"SOUTHGATE, J., Manufacturer of the Improved Piccolo or Microcordion Pianoforte, with large metallic plate and iron fastenings, expressly for Exportation, exceedingly compact, involving small expense for freightage, 16, Brian-street, Caledonian-road." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 11 (archive.org)

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1851-57 16, Brian Street, Caledonian Road (y1851)(y1854)(y1857), London
SOUTH LONDON PIANO & ORGAN Co Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1915 51, Newington butts, S.E. (*1915), London
SOUTHON Julius A.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1901-10

SOUTHON Julius A. (**1901)

SOUTHON Julius & Son (**1904)

SOUTHON Julius A. (*1906)(*1910)

 

109-208, High Road, Balham, S.W. (**1901)(**1904)(*1906)(*1910), London
SOUTHWELL Nicholas 'Organ and Pianoforte-manufacturer and Music Seller' ca. 1818-29  

101, Duke Street (***1818), 109-110, Duke Street, Hanover Street (*1824)(**1828), 117-118, Duke Street (**1829), Liverpool

 

SOUTHWELL William

(1736/7 - 1825)

 

EXTRA INFO

William SOUTHWELL (1736/7-1825) : Anglo-Irish Musical Instrument inventor and maker - an extraordinary life, by Margaret Debenham, 2013

Southwell’s New Improved Piano Fortes: the lasting impact of William Southwell on the Piano, by Thomas Strange

  

 

'Pianoforte-maker' (date ?)

SEE ALSO ...

SOUTHWELL in Dublin, Scotland

 

London
SOUTHWELL William

(1756 - 1842)

 

 

 

Square pianoforte ca. 1785, Private Collection, London, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1785, Sold by Sotheby's, present owner unknown
Square pianoforte ca. 1798, City of Dundee Art Galleries and Museums, Dundee, Scotland, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1790 Pooya Radbon Collection, Germany
Grand pianoforte ca. 1793, The Schureck Piano Collection, Berowra Heights, NSW, Australia
Square pianoforte n° 59 ca. 1799-1800, Bristol Strdivarium, Bristol, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 80 ca. 1800, Private Collection, London, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1800, Present owners unknown
Square pianoforte ca. 1800, Richard Burnett, Finchcocks, Goudhurst, Kent, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1825, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., U.S.

Patent of 1794 : "October 18, 1794.— WILLIAM SOUTHWELL. Improved dampers, and addition of treble keys." The History of the Pianoforte: With an Account of the Theory of Sound & Also of the Music and Musical Instruments of the Ancients, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 197 (archive.org) - see also PATENT DRAWING and another

Patent of 1798 : "William Southwell, of Broadcourt, in the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields in the county of Middlesex, musical instrument-maker; for new improvements on the action and construction of piano-fortes, and other musical instruments. Dated November 8." The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year, Volume 40, 1800, p. 389 - or - "New method of applying additional notes. The frame turns down over the keys, and the " leader " is fastened to the hammer by a joint of leather. A harp played with keys is also mentioned in the specification." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 197 (archive.org) - see PATENT DRAWING

Patent of 1807 : "William Southwell, of the city of Dublin, musical instrument-maker; for certain improvements upon a piano-forte, which is so constructed as to prevent the possibility of its being so frequently out of tune, as piano-fortes now generally are, which he denominates a 'cabinet pianoforte.' Dated April 8, 1807." The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for ..., 1807, p. 856

Patent of 1811 : "William Southwell, Gresse-street, Rathbone place, Middlesex, piano-forte maker; for certain improvements in the construction of a piano-forte." The Literary Panorama, Volume 10, 1811, p. 1266 - or -  "Piano sloping backwards, with improved action and damper wire." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879, p. 200 (archive.org) - see also PATENT DRAWING

Patent of 1821 : "William Southwell, of Gresse-street, Rathbone-place, for certain improvements on cabinet piano-fortes. — April 5th." The London Magazine, Volume 3, 1821, p. 697 -or - "Check action applied to cabinet pianos, to prevent the hammer rebounding against the strings." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 202 (archive.org)

 

Irish 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1794-1839

"The piano was introduced upon the stage in London as a newly invented instrument in 1767 by Dibdin, and in Dublin by Michael Arne in 1770. It had been customary thus to introduce keyed instruments into the theatrical orchestra. A picture of the performance at Versailles in honour of the marriage of Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette shows this—the harpsichord having the lid raised. Mozart did likewise at Milan in 1771, and even so lately as 1826 Weber "presided at the pianoforte," when Oberon was produced at Covent Garden, although, as that opera had no recitatives (being only "a drama with songs"), it is not very clear for what the instrument had been introduced. Some allusion having been made to the progress of the piano in Dublin with Panormo and Michael Arne, the (Sir R. Stewart) would refer to one well-known Irish artist, Wm. Southwell, who had rendered great services to the manufacture of the instrument, having improved the dampers, extended the compass, and invented the upright, then termed a cabinet piano." The Monthly musical record, Volume 5, 1875, p. 74


(continuation)

Patent of 1837 : "To William Southwell, of Winchester-road, Newroad, in the county of Middlesex, pianoforte-maker, for his invention of a certain improvement in pianofortes.— [Sealed 24th August, 1837]
This improvement is in the construction of a part of the mechanism called the action of a pianoforte, by which the pressure exerted by the finger of the player upon the key, is communicated to the hammer that strikes the string and also to the damper which stops the vibrations. The improvement is the introduction of a small tong and spring in what is called the butt; it is designed to render the touch more delicate than in the ordinary construction, and, consequently, to facilitate the playing of rapid passages by ensuring the correct action of the hammer and damper.— [Inrolled in the Inrolment Office, February, 1838.]" The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent ..., Volume 14, William Newton, 1839, p. 6 - see also
PATENT DRAWING

SEE ALSO ...

William SOUTHWELL in Dublin

INFO EXTRA

WILLIAM SOUTHWELL, Inventor & Musical Instrument Maker, Michael Cole

 

Dublin, Ireland

Broadcourt,  St. Martin's in the Fields, Middlesex (**1800), Gresse Street, Rathbone place, Middlesex (*1811)(*1821), 5, Winchester Road, Newroad (*1839), Middlesex, London

SOUTHWELL William  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852

 

 16, Baker Street, Portman Square (**1852), London
SOUTHWELL William  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852

 

 4, Circus Street, New Road (**1852), London
SPADEMAN H. O.  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843

"Insolvent Debtors [...] The following Prisoners are ordered to he drought before the Court, in Portugal-st., on Friday, June 17 of 9 [...] H. 0. Spademan, William-st., Hampstead-road, pianoforte maker." The Jurist, 1843, p. 189

 

William Street, Hampstead Road (**1843), London
SPADEMAN John  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-52

1843 - "Insolvent Debtors [...] The following Prisoners are ordered to he drought before the Court, in Portugal-st., on Friday, June 17 of 9 [...] John Spademan, William-st., Hampstead-road, piano-forte maker." The Jurist, 1843, p. 189

1846 - "John Spademan, late of No. 31, William-street, Hampstead-road, Middlesex, Piano Forte Maker. — In the Debtors' Prison for London and Middlesex." The London Gazette, 1846, p. 1780

 

31, William Street, Hampstead Road (**1841)(x1842)(*1843)(**1852), London
SPARKS William James

 

LONDON - "3441 Sparks, W. G. 13, Eversholl-st. Oakley-sq. —Pianos." International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department, 1862, p. 54

"SPARKS, W. J., Pianoforte Maker and Tuner - Instruments repaired, exchanged and lent on hire - 44, George Street, Euston-Square." The British Colonies: Their History, Extent, Condition and ..., Volume 4, 1850, p. 8 -and - The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 11 (archive.org)

 
 

'Pianoforte-maker and Tuner' ca. 1850-91

SPARKS W. G. (*1862)

SPARKS William James (**1884)

SPARKS Williams James & Sons (**1891)

Exhibitors List London, 1862

 

44, George Street, Euston Square (*1850)(y1851)(y1854)(y1857), 13, Eversholl Street, Oakley Square (*1862)(**1882)(**1884)(**1891), London
 

SPEAK William

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1837 Queen's Place (x1837), Leeds
SPEAR John  

Patent of 1846 : "John Spear, of Gloucester Road, Hyde Park Gardens, gentleman, for " improvements in pianofortes and in the musical scale of notes in use for such instruments; and also in apparatus to facilitate the action of the fingers on the keys of pianofortes." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the ..., Volume 30, 1846, p. 378

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1846 Gloucester Road, Hyde Park Gardens (x1846), London
 

SPEECHLY George August

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882-93 34, St. James Road, [Holloway], [Liverpool Road], N. (**1882)(**1884)(*1893), London
SPENCE & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1903-10 217, Hyde Road (*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Manchester
SPENCER  

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 18?? Milton, Keynes
SPENCER Edwin D.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1884-1919

SPENCER E. D. (**1884)(**1901)(**1904)

SPENCER E. D. & Sons (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919)

 

Penn House, East Hill, Wandsworth, S.W. (**1884), [1], East Hill, Wandsworth, S.W. (**1896)(**1901)(**1904)(*1906)(*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
SPENCER J. Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1906-10 14, Redrock Street (*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Liverpool
SPENCER John & Co  

 

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1883

SPENCER John & Co (*1893)(**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)(*1914)(*1915)

25000 pianos in 1895 (1)

30000 pianos in 1900 (1)

 

Goodinge Road, Cattle Market, N. (*1893),  St. George's Road, Regent's Park, Cattle Market, N.W. (**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 7, St. George's Road, Regent's Park, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

SPENCER & MURDOCH  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1862

End : 1944

SEE ALSO ...

MURDOCH

 

London
SPENCER Richard Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1910 50, High Street, Claptham (*1910), London
SPILLER, BOULT & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1904 80a, Battersea Rise, S.W. (**1904), London
SPOONER Richard  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1843-45

SPOONER & SMYTH (*1843), see also SMYTH, just above

Partnership dissolved in 1845 : "Spooner, R. and Smyth, F. piano-forte makers. Gloucester-st. Camden-town, Aug. 9. Debts paid by Spooner." The Law Times: The Journal and Record of the Law and the Lawyers, 23/08/1845, p. 452 - and - The London Gazette, 12/08/1845, p. 2437

 

55, Grove Street, Camden Town, N.W. (*1843), Gloucester Street Bayham Street, Camden Town (x1845), London
SPRAGUE William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1852-82

SPRAQUE William & Co (**1882)

7, Finsbury Pavement (**1852), 87, Finsbury Pavement, E.C. (**1882), London
SQUIRE Alfred 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1893-95 6, Wrotham Road, Camden Town, N.W. (*1893)(**1895), London
SQUIRE Brothers 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1870 157, Tottenham Court Road, W. (**1870), London
SQUIRE A. A. & LONGSON  

BRAND

THE CREMONA PIANO

 
'Pianoforte-makers' since 1886

In 1955 pianos made by KEMBLE untill 2009

 

3, Royal Park Buildings, Arlington Road, N.W. (**1891), Royal Park, Buildings, Arlington Road, Park Street, N.W. (*1893), 40, Great College Street, Camden Town (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 38-40, Great College Street, N.W. (**1895)(*1914)(*1915), London

 

SQUIRE B. & Son  

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1829

SQUIRE B. & SON (1903)(*1909), on the nameplate is mentionned 'PATERSON & Sons for Scotland'

Succeeded by KEMBLE in 1960 untill 2009

 

3-5, Stanhope Street, Euston Road, N.W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), 3, Stanhope Street, Euston Road, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London
SQUIRE Frederick Roland 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15  

[1a], Harmood Street, Chalk Farm, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

SQUIRE William  

Patent of 1852 : "William Squire, of High Holborn, pianoforte-maker. For improvements in the construction of pianofortes. Patent dated January 31, 1852." Mechanics' Magazine and Journal of Science, Arts, and Manufactures, Volume 57, 1852, p. 138

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-62


(continuation)

Patent of 1861 : "Squire. 5th October 1861. 2497. William Squire, of Upper Montague Street, Bryanstone Square, in the County of Middlesex, Piano-forte Maker, for an invention for Improved machinery for planing and shaping wood. Letters Patent sealed." Chronological index of patents applied for and patents, 1862, p. 164

 

76, George Street, Euston Square (**1841)(x1842), 294, High Holborn (*1852)(**1852), Upper Montague Street, Bryanstone Square, Middlesex (**1862), London
SQUIRE William 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-19  

16, Ferdinand Place, Chalk Farm, N.W. (*1914), 160a, Albion Road, Stoke Newington, N. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London

 

SQUIRE William Junior 'Pianoforte-maker' since 1881

End : 1929

 

10 1/2, King's Road, St. Pancras, N.W. (**1891), 48-50, Bayham Place, Camden Town, N.W. (**1895), Gloucester Street, Bayham Street, N.W. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London

 

STADON & PUNTER  

Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1897-1909

 

2, Old Market Street (*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), Bristol
STAHTER Robert  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884

 

202, Liverpool Road, N. (**1884), London
STAIGHT Daniel George

&

STAIGHT Stephen

&

CHEVERTON James

 

Patent of 1865 : "A.D. 1865, October 24. — N° 2747. - STAIGHT, Daniel George, STAIGHT, Stephen, and CHEVERTON, James. Improvements in the manufacture of keys for pianofortes and other musical instruments requiring such keys, and in parts connected with such keys. The part of this invention which relates to the manufacture of keys will be found described in Abridgment dated August 22nd 1865, No. 2156; the only addition in the present Specification is that the patentees fill up the hollow of the under sides with common wood or a cement made of glue and sawdust. The latter part, namely the forming of the material referred to (india-rubber, gutta percha, or a compound thereof)  the surfaces acting as guides for the rocking and guide pins of keys, is carried out as follows : —

 

 

Pianoforte-makers ?? ca. 1865


(continuation)

 Holes are bored or recesses are made in the required part of the keys, each to receive a form produced by moulding or pressing a portion of the prepared material, the internal figure of such forms being by the moulding or pressing produced to the configuration desired for acting with the particular pins. Or the form of openings desired for the action of the pins may be produced upon plates or surfaces of the material applied upon the surface of the keys. The material may be attached to the parts, or may be held in position by glue or other cement." Patents for Inventions, Abridgments of Specifications Relating to Paints ..., 1871, p. 462

London ??
 

STANDARD PIANOFORTE & Co Ltd.

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1916-17

 

37, Monsell Road, Finsbury Park, N. (*1916)(*1917), London
 

STANLEY PIANOFORTE Co

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15

 

620, Old Kent Road, E. (*1914)(*1915), London
STANTON Frank  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1916-19

 

7, Glenarm Road, Lower Clapton, N.E. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
STANVILLE  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer since 1900

 

London
STARK F. TAPSCOT  Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1895-1910 69, St. Domingo Road, Everton (*1895)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Liverpool
STAR MUSIC PUB Co  Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1910 9, Charing Cross Road, W. (*1910), London
STATHAM Thomas  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-51

Patent of 1851 : "Thomas Statham, of Sidney-street, City-road, in the county of Middlesex, piano-forte maker, for certain improvements in piano-fortes. Sealed 20th November — 6 months for inrolment." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1852, p. 540

 

31, Goswell Road (**1841), Sidney Street, City Road, Middlesex (*1852), London 
STATHER Robert  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer since 1900

 

187, Seven Sisters Road, N. (*1914)(*1915), London
STEEDMAN James  

Patent of 1856 : "Dated February 26, 1859. - 490. James Steedman, of Albany-street, Middlesex, pianoforte-maker. An improvement In pianofortes." Iron: An Illustrated Weekly Journal for Iron and Steel ..., Volume 64, 1856, p. 262

"Ennever & Steedman, Pianoforte Manufacturers, with Metallic Plate, and all the last Improvements, 3, Little Crescent-street, Euston-square." The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources, 1851, p. 5 (archive.org)

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1851-57

ENNEVER & STEEDMAN (*1850)(**1851)(y1851)(**1852), see also ENNEVER

1857 - "October 16. Partnerships Dissolved. – JAMES STEEDMAN, Albany Street, Regent's Park, pianoforte-manufacturer, Oct. 26, Nov. 24 : solicitor, Carpenter, Temple; official assignee, Johnson, Basinghall." The Spectator, 17/10/1857, p. 1097

 

3, Little Crescent Street, Euston Square (y1851), Albany Street, Regent's Park, Middlesex (**1856)(**1857), London
STEEDMAN & BURRAGE 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1915 12, The Grange, Park Hill Road, Hamstead, N.W. (*1915), London
STECK 'Pianoforte-maker' of N.Y., U.S. (date ?)

Branch in London

London
STEELE HIGGINS John Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1900 Manchester
STEER Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-84 12, Canonbury Lane, Islington, N. (**1882)(**1884), London
STEERS Edwin Hewett 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1910  

28, Southampton Row, W.C. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(**1895), 67, Shoobald's Euston Road, W.C. (*1909)(*1910), London

 

STEINBERG Gerh.  

BRAND

German Pianoforte-brand

Pianos made by George ROGERS untill 1983

From 2001 by WHELPDALE, MAXWELL, & CODD

 

London
STEINHART 'Pianoforte-maker' (date ?) London ?
STEINHOFF - MUIR 'Pianoforte-makers' (date ?) London
STEINMETZ Frederick Charles
| STEIMMETZ
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895

STEINMETZ Frederick Charles (**1895)

 

 Sutterton Street, Caledonian Road, N. (**1895), London
STEINMETZ Henry
| STEIMMETZ
 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1860-1910

STEINMETZ & Co (1860)(**1882)

STEINMETZ Henry & Sons (**1884)

STEINMETZ & Sons (**1891)

STEINMETZ Henry & Sons (**1895)

STEINMETZ Henry & Son (*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

End : ca. 1909

 

79, St. James's Road, Holloway, N. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Worchester Yard, Wellington Road, N. (**1884), 115, Holloway Road (**1895), London
STENNER Robert  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1848-1910

STENNER Robert & Sons (*1893)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

 

56, Redcliff Street (**1848), 9, Pipe Lane, St. Augustine's Place (**1863), 2, Ashley Road (*1893)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), Bristol
STEPHEN James
| STEPHENS
'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1909  

54, Queen Street, Camden Town, N.W. (**1882)(**1884)(*1893), [7]12 1/2, Clarendon Grove, N.W.  (*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909), London

 

STEPHENS Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1882-1910 22, London Street, Norfolk Square, W. (**1882), Hammersnuth Road (*1909)(*1910), London
STEPHENS John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1818 5, New Street, Westminster (**1818), London
STEVENS Charles W. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1874 h. Elm, N. W. (*1874), Woburn
STEVENS Frederick  

Patent of 1858 : "2560. Thomas Robert Butcher, Frederick Stevens, William Thomas Johnson, and Theophilus Jarvis, all of Frome, Somersetshire, [Pianoforte Action Manufacturers]for improvements in the hammer-rails of pianofortes.—[Dated November 15th.]" The London journal of arts and sciences, 1858, p. 376

 

'Pianoforte-Action-manufacturer'  ca. 1858 Frome, Somersetshire
 

STEVENS Thomas William

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1914-15

 

48-50, Bayham Place, Camden Town, N.W. (*1914)(*1915), London
STEWART James  

Patent of 1827 : "To JAMES STEWART, of Store-street, Bedford-square ; for improvements on piano-fortes, and in the mode of stringing the same." The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal: Exhibiting a View of the ..., Volume 3, 1827, p. 206

Patent of 1829 : "To James Stewart, of George Street, Euston Square in the county of Middlesex, piano forte maker, for his having invented certain improvements on piano fortes. 2d Nov. — 2 months." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the Progress ..., 1830, p. 182

Patent of 1835 : "TTo JAMES STEWART, of George-street, Euston-square, in the county of Middlesex, pianoforte-maker, for his invention of improvements on the mechanism of horizontal, grand, and square pianofortes." The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent ..., Volume 12, 1838, p. 96

Patent of 1841 : "James Stewart, of Osnaburgh-street, St-Pancras, pianoforte maker, for certain improvements in the action of horizontal pianofortes. Nov. 11 ; six months." The Mechanic's Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal and Gazette, Volume 35, 1841, p. 416

Patent of 1841 : "JAMES STEWART, of Osnaburg-street, Regent's park, pianoforte maker, for an improvement in the construction of castors." - Dec. 16." Iron: An Illustrated Weekly Journal for Iron and Steel ..., Volume 35, 1841, p. 512

 

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1824-53

James STEWART came from the U.S. in 1824 to England, where he became associates with COLLARD. (1°

STEWART & LAMBERT (**1843), see also LAMBERT Thomas

He made 51000 pianos in 1850 (1)


(continuation)

Patent of 1842 : "STEWART, JAMES. - Improvements in hinges for pianofortes and other purposes." Repertory of patent inventions and other discoveries and ..., Volume 17, 1842, p. 379

Patent of 1843 : "To James Stewart, of Gloucester Crescent, Gloucester Gate, St. Pancras, piano-forte maker, and Thomas Lambert, of Albanystreet, St. Pancras, piano-forte maker, for improvements in the action of piano-fortes.—Sealed 29th April—6 months for inrolment." The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent Inventions, 1843, p. 412

Patent of 1852 : "James Stewart, of Old St. Pancras-road, in the county of Middlesex, for improvements in the action of piano-fortes." The London journal of arts and sciences and repertory of patent inventions ..., 1852, p. 375

Patent of 1852 : "1912. James Stewart, of St. Paul's-road, Camden-square, for improvements in piano-fortes.—August 15." The London journal of arts and sciences (and repertory of patent inventions ..., 1853, p. 472

Patent of 1858 : "J. STEWART. "Improvements in the construction of the action of piano-fortes. [...]" Mechanic's Magazine, 29/07/1859, p. 77

 

Store Street, Bedford Square (*1827), George Street, Euston Square, Middlesex (*1830), Osnaburgh Street, St. Pancras (*1841), Gloucester Crescent, Gloucester Gate, St. Pancras  (**1843), Old St. Pancras Road, Middlesex (***1852), St. Paul's Road, Camden Square (**1853), London
STEWART James B.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1916-19

 

148, Iverson Road, Kilburn, N.W. (*1916)(*1917)(*1918)(*1919), London
STEWARD John

Euphonicon or upright pianoforte ca. 1840, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, England, U.K.
Euphonicon or upright pianoforte ca. 1845, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ? ca. 1840

Patent of 1840 : "John Steward, of Wolverhampton, esq., for an improvement in the construction of piano fortes, harpsichords, and other similar stringed musical instruments. December 16." The American Repertory of Arts, Sciences and Manufactures, Volume 3, 1841, p. 160

Patent of 1842 : "JOHN STEWART, OF WOLVERHAMPTON, ESQ., for certain improvements in the construction of piano-fortes. - Enrolment Office, Jan. 7, 1842." The Mechanic's Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal and Gazette, Volume 36, 1842, p. 124

 

Wolverhampton
STIEKLAND John  

Patent of 1829 : "To John Stewart, of George-street, Euston-square, in the county of Middlesex, piano-forte maker, for his having invented certain improvements on piano-fortes.— [Sealed 2d November, 1829.]
- the improvement proposed under this patent is a slight variation in the form of some of the rods or levers which constitute what is called the action part of a piano-forte, and the introduction of a horizontal rail, upon which the fulcrum joints of such levers are intended to be supported. The advantages proposed from this variation or peculiarity of construction, are not pointed out in the specification, and are by no means obvious from an inspection of the drawing; and as it would be impossible to give a just idea of the plan without exhibiting a section of the interior of the piano-forte with all its working parts, we trust that this notice of the invention will, in this instance, be considered sufficient.—[Inrolled in the Inrolment Office, January, 1830.]" The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of ..., Volume 9, 1834, p. 219

 

'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1897 174, Carlton Road, N.W. (*1897)(*1903), 174, Harmwd place, N.W. (*1909)(*1910), London
STIDOLF & Son 'Organ Builders and Pianoforte-manufacturers and tuners' ca. 1875 Cumberland Street (***1875), London
STIEKLAND J. & Co
| STICKLAND
'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1895-1909 174, Carlton Road, N.W. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903), 174, Harmwd place, N.W. (*1906)(*1909), London
STILES Charles & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882-1915  

42, Southampton Row, Holborn, W.C. (**1882)(**1884), 40-42, Southampton Row, W.C. (**1891)(**1895), 144-146, Theobald's Road, W.C. (**1891)(**1895)(*1914)(*1915), 74-76, Southampton Row, W.C. (*1914)(*1915), London

 

STIRLING 'Pianoforte-manufacturer' ? ca. ? London ?
STOCK W. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 24, Upton Place, Stratford, S.E. (*1906)(*1910), London
STOCKLEY & SABIN  

Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1910 123, Colmor Row (*1910), Birmingham
STODART Alfred  

 

OWEN, STODART & Co

Cabinet pianoforte n° 1832 ca. 1835, The Monart Collection, Wexford, Ireland, U.K.

 
'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1835-52

OWEN & STODART (**1852), see also OWEN

36, Red Lion Square, Holburn, Middlesex (**1841)(**1852)(*1856), London
STODART Malcolm  

Patent of 1857 : "Specification of the Patent granted to Malcolm Stodart, of 1, Golden-square, in the County of Middlesex, for An Improvement in the Construction of the Sound-boards of Pianofortes. — Dated October 30, 1857. [...][...]" The Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements ..., 1858, p. 260-261

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1857

Same address as STODART Matthew and William, just below.

1, Golden-square, in the County of Middlesex (**1858), London
STODART Matthew

&

STODART William

(? - 1861)

 

 

Grand pianoforte ca. 1785, hammerfluegel.info

 

 

Grand pianoforte ca. 1795, Collection 'Pianoforte Ad Libitum', Etobon, France

 

 

Grand pianoforte ca. 1825, hammerfluegel.info

 

 

 

Grand pianoforte ca. 1785, and nameplate, hammerfluegel.info
Grand pianoforte ca. 1810-15, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, England, U.K.
Square pianoforte n° 348 ca. 1810, The Monart Collection, Wexford, Ireland, U.K.
Grand pianoforte ca. 1820, The Schureck Piano Collection, Berowra Heights, NSW, Australia
Grand pianoforte ca. 1825, hammerfluegel.info
Grand pianoforte ca. 1830, Frederick Historic Piano Collection, Ashburnham, Massachusetts, U.S.
Grand Pianoforte n° 8708 ca. 1831, The Mobbs Keyboard Collection, Golden Bay, New Zealand

Square pianoforte ca. 1837, Plumley Collection, London, England, U.K.

LONDON - "A grand, 6 3/4 octaves, C to A, by Messrs. Stodart, is a very interesting specimen, in as much as it is fitted with metallic bracing, on the plan patented by Mr. Stodart in 1820. This is the original of all the varieties of metallic bearing now in use, and its leading features—viz., a metallic stringplate kept apart from the wrest-plank by a system of longitudinal metallic bars— are essentially the same as have ever since been followed. The only variations from the more modern systems in matters of detail are, that the longitudinal stretchers are hollow tubes instead of flat bars, and that the string-plate is detached from the wood framing below. With regard to the form of the stretcher, there is no doubt the hollow tube is the more correct form, on mechanical principles, as being better calculated to offer the greatest resistance to a compressive force with the least quantity of material. Every one acquainted with constructive science knows that a hollow tube is the most advantageous form for a column, and the function of the metallic stretchers in a piano-forte is precisely analogous. The object of leaving the string-plate detached from the woodwork below, was to allow the whole metallic frame, with the strings it carried, to contract and expand together, under atmospheric changes, without straining the woodwork, since wood and metal are, it is well known, differently influenced in this respect. The experience of other makers has not shewn this to be of 'much importance in practice; and therefore the separation of the wood and metal framing is but seldom adhered to; but the idea is ingenious, and the principle correct. Altogether Mr. Stodart’s system of metallic framing, adopted at such an early date, is a good example of the application of scientific knowledge to the construction of the piano-forte; and the very general way in which it has been since followed, corroborates the universal rule that improvements, based on correct principle, are those which will ultimately be found of the greatest practical value. A peculiarity in the framing of this piano-forte, although not a part of the original system, is that the wrest-plank is turned upside down, being placed above the strings instead of below them; by this arrangement, the strings are struck against their rests, without the necessity for an upward bearing stud ; while the metallic stretcher-bars bear directly against the plank instead of being cranked down to it, as in the common plan. The wrest-pins pass completely through the plank, and their Squared ends appear above it, so to offer facility for tuning. The inverted wrest-plank is a remnant of a system introduced by Mr. Wornum, in which the entire wood framing was placed above the strings; but which, from its inconvenience, has not continued in use. (see next )

 

 

'Grand Piano-Forte-makers' since 1802.

STODART Matthew & Wiliam (*1807)(*1817)(*1818)(*1820)

"M. en W. STODART maken enkel groote, geen kleine Piano Forto’s. BROADWOOD en Son maken groote en kleine ; insgelijks Jos. KIRKMAN, edoch niet van de waarde der vorige; nog eenige andere leveren Fabriekwerken." Nieuwste reize door Engeland, Schotland en Ierland, voornamentlijk ..., Philipp Andreas Nemnich, 1809, p. 287

STODART William (x1825)

STODART Wiliam & Son (**1841)(x1842)(**1846)(**1852)

"MESSRS. WILLIAM STODART and SON, in consequence of the various piracies of their surname, find It necessary to acquaint the public, that, neither have they note, nor had they ever, the moat remote connexion with any other Pianoforte-maker, and that all Instruments of their manufacture bear the full inscription, "WILLIAM STODART AND SON, No. 1, GOLDEN SQUARE, LONDON." This distinctive Inscription, however, being often forged, they beg to add, that they will (gratuitously) enable all persons to ascertain the genuineness of Pianos, upon application at their only house of business, No. 1, Golden Square." The Spectator, 1846, p. 164

STODART & Sons (*1858)

"The Messrs. Collard, of that city, sold in the twenty years previous to 1851 about 32,000 piano-fortes. The entire production of all England in 1853 was estimated at 1,500 instruments per week, of which number about 10 per cent, were grand pianos, a like proportion were squares, and the remainder uprights." The Eighth Census of the United States: Population, Manufactures ..., 1865, p. 148

In 1861, when his father died, the son of William, Malcolm STODART took over the firm.

STODART
on this site

 
INVENTIONS


(continuation)

The same firm also exhibit a Square, 6 3/4 octaves, C to A, with a down-striking action. This example shews satisfactorily how much the framing of the Square piano-forte might be simplified and improved by the substitution of the inverted mechanism. The action has an improvement by Mr. Greiner, by which the necessity for springs is done away We believe that Mr. Stodart introduced the down-striking Square four or five years ago, and is the only English maker who has manufactured instruments on this principle. This piano is six or eight inches shorter than ordinary Squares; wherefore the maker has called it the “compact Square.” Moreover the key-board is in the middle of the length ; and the appearance is therefore symmetrical. This has also been done by Messrs. Collards." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences, 1851, p. 36-37

LONDON - "The next come to Messrs. Stodart, who exhibit a grand in rosewood and a compact square: the peculiarity in the latter instrument is, that the string and sounding-hoard are sunk in the case, and that the hammers are made to strike down upon the strings instead of up to them,as usual: it has a very good tone, and is a convenient instrument, having almost the appearance of a sofa table when shut." The Crystal Palace, and its contents : being an illustrated cyclopaedia of the great exhibition of the industry of all nations, 1851, p. 201 (archive.org)

LONDON - "470 Stodart, William & Son, 1 Golden Square - Manufacturers. Patent rosewood horizontal grand pianoforte. Compact rosewood square pianoforte." Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851, p. 464

Prize medal London, 1851

SEE ALSO ...

PIANO CONTROVERSY 1851

 

1, Golden Square, Piccadilly (*1807)(*1808)(*1814)(*1817)(*1818)(*1820)(***1821)(*1823)(x1825)(**1841)(x1842)(**1846)(**1851)(**1852)(*1858), Red Lion Square, Middlesex (*1856), 57, Wells Street, Oxford Street (x1842)(**1852)(*1858), London
STODART Robert  

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1775-77

Father of William STODART, here above.

Patent of 1777 : "Nov, 21, 1777. — Robert Stodart. Combined harpsichord and piano." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 194 (archive.org)

 

Soho, London
STOKES Charles  

"Stokes Chas., pianoforte manufacturer and dealer in pianos by Collard and Broadwood and Kirkman, which are cheaper than any other house, piano fortes accurately toned and repaired, 44 Wollaton street." Nottinghamshire. History, directory and gazetteer of the county, 1864, p. 257

 

'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1855-64 26, Carrington Street (xx1855), 44, Wollaton street (*1864), Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
STOKES Frederick 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1895 109, Camberwell Road, S.E. (**1895), London
STOKES H. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1896 5, New Church Road, Camberwell, S.E. (**1896), London
STOLLER 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. ?? London
STORER Joseph  

Patent of 1839 : "John Frederick Meyers, of Albemarle-street, Piccadilly, musical instrument maker, and Joseph Storer, of Bidborough-street, New Road, musical instrument maker, for certain improvements of certain musical instruments ; part of the said improvements being applicable to those of the kind commonly called piano-fortes, and part to those kind commonly called seraphines, and to certain descriptions of organs ; being partly a communication. July 20 ; six months." Mechanics Magazine, Volume 31, 1839, p. 318

 

 

'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1839

MEYERS John Frederick & STORER Joseph (x1839)

 

Albemarle-street, Piccadilly (x1839), London

 

STOREY Henry & Sons 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1882-95 22, Eversholt Street, Oakley Square, N.W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1893)(**1895), London
STORY & CLARK  

 

American 'Pianoforte-makers and Organ builders' since 1857

American brand that had a factory in London since 1892, under management of Charles H. Wagener, and another in Germany (Berlin). Read more here : Pianos and their makers, Alfred Dolge, 1911, p. 376-378

 London
STRATTON James Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer and repairer ca. 1896-1904 Burgoyne Road, Stockwell, S.W. (**1896), 153, Stockwell Road, Stockwell, S.W. (**1901)(**1904), London
STREICHER W. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. ?? London
STRETCH Thomas 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1818 16, Bedford Court Covent Garden(*1818), London
STROHMENGER Joachim & Sons

 

 

 

PARIS - "Strohmenger, J., & Sons ; Fabricants de pianos, Inventeurs, 169 & 206, Goswell Road, London. Piano droit, grand format, caisse en noyer. Les cordes étant disposes, basse sur tenor, (système breveté) le son est égal à celui d'un piano à queue, et le climat ne l'afifecte pas." Catalogue officiel de la section anglaise, 1878, p. 67 (archive.org)

 

 

'Pianoforte-makers' since 1835

Established in 1830 (*1915)

STROHMENGER & Sons (**1870)

STROMENGER Joachim & Sons (**1874)

STROHMENGER J. & Sons (**1878)(**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)

STROHMENGER John & Sons Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

7200 pianos in 1900 (1)

End : ca. 1962

"STROHMENGER J. &: SONS LTD. (estab. 1835), steam factory, 167, 169 & 171 (show rooms & head office) 206, Goswell rd E C; 2 & 4 Powell street E C ; 86 Brompton road SW & 105 High Holborn WC; pianos for the colonies a speciality. Shippers supplied. Highest exhibition awards London, Paris, N. Zealand & S.Africa - TN9066 London Wall." Post Office London Directory, 1914, p. 1838

Exhibitors list London, 1872 | Echibitors list Paris, 1878

 

Alexander House, Southgate Road, Wood Green, N. (**1874), Factory : 169, Goswell Road, E.C. (**1870), 169-206, Goswell Road, E.C. (**1878)(**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903), warehouse : [2], Powell Street, [Goswell Road], E.C. (**1884)(**1891)(**1895), Show rooms : 206, Goswell Road, E.C. (**1891)(**1895)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910)(*1914)(*1915), Steam Factory : 167-169-171, Goswell Road, E.C. (*1914)(*1915), 2-4, Powell Street, E.C. (*1914)(*1915), 86, Brompton Road, S.W. (*1914)(*1915), 105, Hig Holborn, W.C. (*1914)(*1915), London
STRONG & JACKSON
 
 

Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1895-1915

 

 

12, Upper Marylebone Street, W. (**1895), 6, Ogle Mews, Upper Ogle Street, W. (**1895)(*1914), 23, Soho Square, W. (*1915), London

 

STRONG John
| STRONY J.
 

'Pianoforte-maker' since 1851

STRONG John (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(*1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1909)

STRONG John & Sons (**1895)

STRONG John & Son (*1909)(*1910)

STRONG John & Sons Ltd. (*1914)(*1915)

 

60-62, Seymour Street, [Euston Square], N.W. (**1882)(**1884)(**1891)(**1895), 60-62-64, Seymour Street, N.W. (*1895)(*1897)(*1903), 118, Euston Road, N.W. (*1909)(*1910)(*1914(*1915)), London
STROUD PIANO Co

 

BRANDS

BENTLEY (1930)
 
KNIGHT (1990)

 

'Pianoforte-factory' since 1930

This firm, first named BENTLEY, was founded in London by Douglas GROVER. 

Douglas Grover, piano maker, his father and grandfather produced GROVER & GROVER pianos. Also his son Richard worked for his firm.

INFO EXTRA

STROUD PIANO Co by gracesguide.co.uk

 

Woodchester Mills, Stroud
STUART & STUART 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1891-1910

STUART C. (??)

 

2, Royal Park buildings, Arlington Road, Camden Town, N.W. (**1891)(*1893)(*1895)(**1895)(*1897)(*1903)(*1906)(*1909)(*1910), London

 

STUDHOLME & Sons  

Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers since 1900

 

London
STUMPFF Johann Andreas

(1769 – 1846)

 

"EXTENSIVE SALE OF HARPS AND PIANOFORTES, Manufactured by the late Mr. Stumpff. PUTTICK AND SIMPSON, (Successors to Mr. Fletcher,) Auctioneers of Music and Literary Property, WILL SELL BY AUCTION, AT THEIR GREAT ROOMS, 191, PICCADILLY, And on the Premises, No. 44, Great Portland Street, In a few days, (by order of the Executor of the late Mr. Stumpff), the valuable stock in trade, consisting of elegant DOUBLE-ACTION HARPS, In the manufacture of which the late Mr. STUMPFF enjoyed, so deservedly, high reputation.
PIANOFORTES. Horizontal Grands, and Cottages of extended compass, in mahogany and rosewood cases. Also, the stock of Instruments partly finished, Materials. Tools, Fixtures, Stc. Catalogues (which will shortly be ready) will be sent on application. N.B. — The finished Instruments, with some other portions of the stock, will be removed (for greater convenience of sale) to the great rooms of Messrs. Puttick and Simpson, 191, Piccadilly ; and the trade stock and eflects will be sold on the premises, No. 44, Great Portland Street.
" The Musical World, Volume 22, 1847, p. 163

 
 

'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1822-46, native of Saxony

Succeeded by T. MARTIN

Patent of 1839 : "To Johann Andreas Stumpff, of Great Portland Street, in the couny of Middlesex, musical instrument maker, for improvements in grand and other piano-fortes. - Sealed 21st February - 6 months for inrolment." Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the ..., 1839, P. 383 - or - "Improvements in mechanism and tuning apparatus." The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 206 (archive.org)

INFO EXTRA

STUMPFF on Wikipedia

 

[44], Great Portland Street, in the couny of Middlesex (**1822)(***1839)(*1847), London
STUMPFF J. G.  

'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1815

Brother of Johann Andreas STUMPFF, just above.

 

London
STURGE H. Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1836 St. Augustin's Place (x1836), Bristol
STURGE J. 'Musical Instrument Maker' ca. 1815  (*1815), Clifton Hood
STUTTARD Ernest Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1906-10 Market Hall, Burnley (*1906)(*1910), Lancashire
SUCKER Charles & Co 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1884-91 30, Holywell Lane, [Shoreditch], E.C. (**1884)(**1891), London
SUGDEN Lewis 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-43 20, Crawford Street, Portman Square, [Marylebone] (**1841)(x1842)(*1843), London
SUGGER 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1860 (1) Lyton
SULLIVAN & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1914-15 14, Ramillies Place, Oxford Street, W. (*1914)(*1915), London
SUTHERWOOD J. R. & Co Ltd. Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1919 438, Uxbridge Road, Shepperd's Bush, W. (*1919), London
SUTTON Robert Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1818 ç, Paradise Street (***1818), Liverpool
SWAIN William John 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1842-52 15, University Street, Tottenham Court Road (x1842), 43, Michael's Place, Brompton (**1852), London
SWANBOROUGH & Co 'Pianoforte-makers' ca. 1895 75, High Holborn, W.C. (**1895), London
SWAN & Co Pianoforte-makers and/or pianoforte dealers ca. 1906-10 4, Berners Street, W. (*1906), Castle Street, W., Berners Street W. (*1910), London
SYKES J. H.  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1884

 

Commercial Street (**1884), Halifax
SYKES John  

"Harps and piano fortes in great Variety, for SALE, at SYKES'S Music Saloon, 30, Boar Lane, Leeds." Williams's Directory of the Borough of Leeds: Giving an Entirely New ..., 1845, p. 27

 

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer and publisher ca. 1826-53

SYKES John (*1845)(*1846)(x1853)


(continuation)

"Sykes's - Harp and Piano Forte Rooms - 30, Boar Lane and 9, Commercial buildings, Leeds - PIANO FORTES, New and Second-hand, by Broadwoods, Collards, and Tomkinsons, &c., at extremely low prices. - Piano Fortes Tuned, at 3s. 6d. and 5s. each, by JOHN SYKES, 30, Boar-lane, and 9, Commercial Buildings, Leeds." An alphabetical list of the officers of the Yorkshire hussars, from the ..., 1853, p. 34

 

 30, Boar Lane (*1845)(*1846)(x1853), 9, Commercial buildings (x1853), Leeds
SYKES William  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer  ca. 1826-37

SYKES and Sons (*1826)

SYKES William and Sons (x1834)(*1837)

 

12, Guildford Street (*1826), 72, Briggate (*1826)(x1834), 21, Boar Lane (*1837), Leeds
SYKES William Junior  

Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer and  tuner ca. 1834-37

 

(*1837)21, Boar Lane (x1834), Leeds
SYKES W. & Co  

'Pianoforte-maker'  ca. 1914

 

Cottrill Road, Hackney, N.E. (*1914), London
SYMMES S. J.  

'Pianoforte-action-maker' ca. 1874

 

h. Main, foot of Black Horse (*1874), Woburn
SYMONDSON Henry 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1841-42 13, Robert Street, Hampstead Road (**1841)(x1842), London
SYMPHONY PIANOFORTE Co Ltd. 'Pianoforte-maker' ca. 1915 54, Queen Street, N.W. (*1915), London
SYMPSON S.  

'Pianoforte-manufacturer' before 1879

"Mr. S. Sympson, pianoforte- manufacturer, of Percy-street, who died on the 1st inst., has left a legacy of £5 to those of his employ is who have been in his service five years. Six of his workmen are entitled to this kindly bequest." The Furniture Gazette, 1879, p. 201

 

 Percy Street (**1879), London
SYNYER Henry Pianoforte-maker and/or pianoforte dealer ca. 1867 103a, Broad Street, Islington (**1867), Birmingham
 

 

(*1786): 'The London directory', 1786, p. 168 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1794): 'Kent's Directory for the Year 1794. Cities of London and Westminster, & Borough of Southwark', 1794 (londonancestor.com)

(*1800): 'The Repertory Of Arts And Manufactures: Consisting Of ...', 1800, p. 71

(**1800): 'The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year 1798', Volume 40, 1800, p. 389

(*1801): 'The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for 1801', p. 457

(*1803): 'Kent's Directory for 1803 : Containing an Alphabetical List of the Names and ...', 1803, p. 176

(*1807): 'The Post office London directory', 1807, p. (Schoene) 236 + (Stodart) 255 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1808): 'Post Office Annual Directory', 1808, p. 6+254+255+276 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1809): 'Nieuwste reize door Engeland, Schotland en Ierland, voornamentlijk ...', Philipp Andreas Nemnich, 1809, p. 285-287

(*1811): 'The Literary Panorama', Volume 10, 1811, p. 1266

(*1814): 'The Post-Office Annual Directory for 1814'

(*1815): 'New Monthly Magazine', Volume 3, 1815, p. 192

(*1816): 'The Post office London directory', 1816, p. 304 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1817): 'The Post office London directory', 1817, p. (Schaepe) 292 + (Stodart) 316 (babel.hathitrust.org)

(**1817): 'The European Magazine, and London Review', 1817, p. 89

(*1818): 'Johnstone's London Commercial Guide, and Street Directory; on a New and More ...', 1818, p. 118

(**1818): 'The Poll Book, for Electing Two Representatives in Parliament for the City and Liberty of Westminster', 1818

(***1818): 'The Commercial Directory for 1818', p. 260

(x1818): 'Staffordshire general & commercial directory, by W. Parson and T. Bradshaw', 1818

(*1820): 'The Post Office London directory', 1820, p. (Schaepe) 311 + (Scott) 312+(Stodart) 338(babel.hathitrust.org)

(*1821): 'The London Magazine', Volume 3, 1821, p. 697

(**1821): 'Blackwood's Magazine', Volume 8, 1821, p. 347

(***1821): 'The Quarterly Musical Magazine and Review vol. III', 1821, p. 185-187

(*1822): 'The Cambro-Briton', Volume 3, 1822, p. 425

(**1822): 'History, Directory & Gazetteer, of the County of York: With Select Lists of ...', 1822, p. 30

(*1823): 'Kent's Original London Directory', 1823

(**1823): 'Colburn's New Monthly Magazine', 1823, p. 456

(*1824): 'History, directory and gazetteer of the county palatine of Lancaster', 1824, p. 397

(x1825): 'Pigot & Co.'s new commercial directory of Scotland for 1825', p. 907-908 (digital.nls.uk)

(*1826): 'General and commercial directory of the borough of Leeds', 1826, p. 122

(*1827): 'The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal: Exhibiting a View of the ...', Volume 3, 1827, p. 206

(*1828): 'Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements', 1828, p. 1

(**1828): 'Pigot and co.'s national commercial directory for 1828-9', p. 320

(**1829): 'Gores' Directory of Liverpool', 1829, p. 264 (Specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1830): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the Progress ...', 1830, p. 182

(*1831): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences', 1831, p. 358

(xx1832): 'Comprising Reports of Cases in the Courts of Chancery, King's ...', 1832, p. 115

(x1834): 'Pigot's Directory of 1834' (genuki.org.uk)

(x1836): 'Mathews's Annual Bristol Directory and Commercial List: Being an Entire ...', 1836, p. 233

(*1837): 'Pigot and co.'s national commercial directory of the whole of Scotland', 1837, Aberdeen p. 186, Edinburgh p. 98, Liverpool p. 78, Leeds p. 54, Newcastle p. 126

(x1837): 'History, gazetteer, and directory, of the west-riding of Yorkshire, with the ...', 1837, p. 604

(*1839): 'The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory of Patent ...', Volume 14, William Newton, 1839, p. 6

(**1839): 'The Jurist', Volume 3, 20/07/1839, p. 1035

(***1839): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the ...', 1839, P. 383

(x1839): 'Mechanics Magazine', Volume 31, 1839, p. 318

(xx1839): 'Robson's Commercial Directory of Beds, Bucks...', 1839, p. 127

(*1840): 'The Musical World, A Weekley Record of Musical Science Literature and ..., 17/09/1840, p. 192

(xx1840): 'The London Gazette', 09/06/1840, p. 1373

(*1841): 'The Mechanic's Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal and Gazette', Volume 35, 1841, p. 416

(**1841): 'Post Office London Directory', 1841, p. 807 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(***1841): 'The Repertory of patent inventions...', 1841, p. 165

(x1842): 'Robson's London Directory', 1842, p. 1598 -1599(archive.org)

(*1843): 'The Post Office London Directory', 1843

(**1843): 'The Jurist', 1843, p. 189

(*1844): 'The London Gazette', 1844, p. 67

(*1845): 'Williams's Directory of the Borough of Leeds: Giving an Entirely New ...', 1845, p. 307

(x1845): 'The Law Times: The Journal and Record of the Law and the Lawyers', 23/08/1845, p. 452

(*1846): 'Slater's National Commercial Directory of Ireland', 1846, Leeds p. 75

(**1846): 'The Spectator', 1846, p. 164

(x1846): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the ...', Volume 30, 1846, p. 378

(*1847): 'The Musical World', Volume 22, 1847, p. 179+163

(**1848): 'Hunt & Co.'s directory & topography for the cities of Exeter and Bristol, etc, 1848, p. 124-125

(*1849): 'Birmingham: History and general directory of the borough of Birmingham, with ...', 1849

(*1850): 'The British Colonies: Their History, Extent, Condition and ...', Volume 4, 1850, p. 7-8

(**1850): 'Post Office Directory of Birmingham, Staffordshire & Worcestershire', 1850

(***1850): 'History, gazetteer, and directory, of Warwickshire', 1850

(**1851): 'Official description and illustrated catalogue of the Great exhibition 1851', p. 464

(xx1851): 'History, gazetteer and directory of Cambridgeshire', 1851, p. 193

(y1851): 'The British Colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1851, p. 5-11 (archive.org)

(*1852): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences', 1852, p. 540

(**1852): 'Post Office London Directory', 1852 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(***1852): 'The London journal of arts and sciences and repertory of patent inventions ...', 1852, p. 375

(x1852): 'Mechanics' Magazine and Journal of Science, Arts, and Manufactures', Volume 57, 1852, p. 138

(*1853): 'Newton's London Journal of Arts and Sciences: Being Record of the ...', Volume 42, 1853, p. 316

(**1853): 'The London journal of arts and sciences (and repertory of patent inventions ...', 1853, p. 472

(***1853): 'Mechanic's Magazine', 1854, p. 69

(x1853): 'An alphabetical list of the officers of the Yorkshire hussars, from the ...', 1853, p. 34

(y1854): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1854, p. 13-14 (archive.org)

(*1855): 'Paris universal exhibition', 1855, p. 70

(**1855): 'The Jurist', 1855, p. 9

(xx1855): 'Post Office Directory of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire', 1855, p. 188

(*1856): 'The London Gazette', 08/02/1856, p. 520

(**1856): 'Iron: An Illustrated Weekly Journal for Iron and Steel ...', Volume 64, 1856, p. 262

(**1857): 'The Spectator', 17/10/1857, p. 1097

(y1857): 'The British colonies : their history, extent, condition and resources', 1857, p. 11 (archive.org)

(*1858): 'Annuaire-almanach du commerce, de l'industrie, de la magistrature et de l'administration : ou almanach des 500.000 adresses de Paris, des départements et des pays étrangers : Firmin Didot et Bottin réunis', 1858, p. 2249

(**1858): 'The Repertory of Patent Inventions: And Other Discoveries and Improvements' ..., 1858, p. 260-261

(x1861): 'Corporation general and trades directory of Birmingham ... and Wolverhampton', 1861, p. 288-303

(*1862): 'International exhibition, 1862 : Official catalogue of the industrial department', 1862, p. 54

(**1862): 'Chronological index of patents applied for and patents, 1862', p. 164

(xx1862): 'Business Directory of Birmingham', 1862, p. 157 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(***1863): 'The Post Office Directory of Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Shropshire, and ...', 1863, p. 154

(*1864): 'Nottinghamshire. History, directory and gazetteer of the county', 1864, p. 257

(*1867): 'The Illustrated London News', Volume 50, 1867, p. 650

(**1867): 'Post Office Directory of Birmingham', 1867, p. 371

(*1868): 'Chronological index of patents applied for and patents', 1868, p. 5

(**1868): 'The Woburn Directory', 1868

(**1869): 'Chronological index of patents applied for and patents granted ...', 1869, p. 196

(**1870): 'The 'Handbook' to the manufacturers & exporters of Great Britain', 1870, p. 367

(**1871): 'The London Gazette', 30/06/1871, p. 3025 (TheGazette.co.uk)

(*1872): 'Journal of the Society of Arts', Volume 20, 1872, p. 889

(**1872): 'Monthly musical record', Volume 2, 01/10/1872, p. 154

(*1874): 'The Woburn Directory', 1874

(**1874): 'Post Office Directory of Middlesex', 1874, p. 501 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1875): 'The Commercial directory of Liverpool, and shipping guide', 1875, Aberdeen p. 434, Dewsbury p. 656, London p. 608, Coventry p. 582, Bradford p. 567, Liverpool p. 274

(**1875): 'The post office directory of Cambridge, Norfolk and Suffolk', 1875

(**1878): 'Catalogue officiel de la section anglaise', 1878, p. 67 (archive.org)

(**1879): 'The Furniture Gazette', 1879, p. 201

(**1882): 'Post Office London Directory', 1882, p. 412-413 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1884): 'Business Directory of London', 1884, p. 618-619

(x1889-90): 'The Portobello & district directory', 1889-90, p. 5

(**1891): 'Post Office London Trades Directory', 1891, p. 480-481 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1893): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1893, p. 656-664 (Gallica)

(*1895): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1895, p. 717-724 (Gallica)

(**1895): 'Post Office London Directory, 1895, p. 2038-2039 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(**1896): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1896, p. 954-955 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1897): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1897, p. 834-841 (Gallica)

 

 

(**1901): 'Kelly's London Suburban Directory', 1901, p. 1050-1051 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1903): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1903, p. 1103-1110 (Gallica)

(**1903): 'The London Gazette', 24/04/1903, p. 2670 (TheGazette.co.uk)

(**1904) : 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1904, p. 1129-1130 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1906): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique', 1906, p. 1091-1100 (Gallica)

(*1909): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1909, p. 1105-1113 (Gallica)

(*1910): 'Annuaire des artistes et de l'enseignement dramatique et musical', 1910, p. 1144-1153 (Gallica)

(*1914): 'Post Office London Directory', 1914, p. 1837-1838 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1915): 'Post Office London Directory', 1915, p. 1796-1797 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1916): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1916, p. 606 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1917): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1917, p. 592-593 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1918): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1918, p. 571-572 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1919): 'Post Office London County Suburbs Directory', 1919, p. 555 (specialcollections.le.ac.uk)

(*1921): 'The Music Trade Directory', Volume 32, 1921

(*1942): 'The London Gazette', 10/11/1942, p. 4894 (TheGazette.co.uk)

(1): 'Histoire de piano de 1700 à 1950', Mario Pizzi, 1983

(2): 'Makers of the Piano 1700-1820' and 'Makers of the Piano 1820-1860', Martha Novak Clinkscale, 1993

(3): 'Pianos and their makers', Alfred Dolge, 1911, p. 376-378

(4): 'The Piano-Forte: Its History Traced to the Great Exhibition of 1851', 1933

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