(1756 - 1842)
pianoforte ca. 1785, Private Collection, London, England, U.K.
pianoforte ca. 1785,
The Monart Collection,
Wexford, Ireland, U.K.
Square pianoforte ca. 1785, The Cobbe Piano Collection,
Surrey, England, U.K.
pianoforte ca. 1794, City of Dundee Art Galleries and Museums, Dundee, Scotland,
pianoforte ca. 1798, City of Dundee Art Galleries and Museums, Dundee, Scotland,
pianoforte ca. 1790 Pooya Radbon Collection, Allemagne
pianoforte ca. 1793-94, The Cobbe Piano Collection, Surrey, England, U.K.
pianoforte n° 59 ca. 1799-1800, Bristol Strdivarium, Bristol, England, U.K.
Upright square Pianoforte n° 59 [??] ca. 1799, The Mobbs Keyboard Collection, Golden Bay,
pianoforte n° 80 ca. 1800, Private Collection, London, England, U.K.
pianoforte ca. 1800, Present owners unknown
pianoforte ca. 1800, Richard Burnett, Finchcocks, Goudhurst, Kent, England, U.K.
pianoforte ca. 1825, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Patent of 1794 :
"October 18, 1794.— WILLIAM SOUTHWELL. Improved dampers,
and addition of treble keys."
The History of the Pianoforte: With an Account of
the Theory of Sound & Also of the Music and Musical Instruments of the
Ancients, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879, p. 197
Patent of 1798 :
"Nov. 8, 1798. — William Southwell. New method of applying
additional notes. The frame turns down over the keys, and the leader is
fastened to the hammer by a joint of leather. A harp played with keys is
also mentioned in the specification. "
The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead,
1879, p. 197
Patent of 1807 :
"William Southwell, of the city of Dublin, musical instrument-maker; for
certain improvements upon a piano-forte, which is so constructed as to
prevent the possibility of its being so frequently out of tune, as
piano-fortes now generally are, which he denominates a 'cabinet
pianoforte.' Dated April 8, 1807."
The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History,
Politics, and Literature for ..., 1807, p. 856
Patent of 1811 : "William
Southwell, Gresse-street, Rathbone place, Middlesex, piano-forte maker; for
certain improvements in the construction of a piano-forte."
The Literary Panorama, Volume 10, 1811, p.
1266 - or - "Piano sloping backwards, with improved action and damper
The History of the Pianoforte, Edgard Brinsmead, 1879,
p. 200 (archive.org)
Patent of 1821 : "William
Southwell, of Gresse-street, Rathbone-place, for certain improvements on
cabinet piano-fortes. — April 5th."
The London Magazine, Volume 3, 1821, p. 697
-or - "Check action applied to cabinet pianos, to prevent the hammer
rebounding against the strings."
The History of the Pianoforte, Edgar Brinsmead, 1879,
p. 202 (archive.org)
'Harpsichord and Piano-Forte-maker' ca. 1782-1839
He made his first upright pianoforte in
"The piano was introduced upon the stage in
London as a newly invented instrument in 1767 by Dibdin, and in Dublin by
Michael Arne in 1770. It had been customary thus to introduce keyed
instruments into the theatrical orchestra. A picture of the performance at
Versailles in honour of the marriage of Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette
shows this—the harpsichord having the lid raised. Mozart did likewise at
Milan in 1771, and even so lately as 1826 Weber "presided at the
pianoforte," when Oberon was produced at Covent Garden, although, as that
opera had no recitatives (being only "a drama with songs"), it is not very
clear for what the instrument had been introduced. Some allusion having been
made to the progress of the piano in Dublin with Panormo and Michael Arne,
the (Sir R. Stewart) would refer to one well-known Irish artist, Wm.
Southwell, who had rendered great services to the manufacture of the
instrument, having improved the dampers, extended the compass, and invented
the upright, then termed a "cabinet piano."
The Monthly musical record, Volume 5, 1875,
Patent of 1837 : "To William
Southwell, of Winchester-road, Newroad, in the county of Middlesex,
pianoforte-maker, for his invention of a certain improvement in
pianofortes.— [Sealed 24th August, 1837]
This improvement is in the construction of a part of the mechanism called
the action of a pianoforte, by which the pressure exerted by the finger of
the player upon the key, is communicated to the hammer that strikes the
string and also to the damper which stops the vibrations. The improvement is
the introduction of a small tong and spring in what is called the butt; it
is designed to render the touch more delicate than in the ordinary
construction, and, consequently, to facilitate the playing of rapid passages
by ensuring the correct action of the hammer and damper.— [Inrolled in the
Inrolment Office, February, 1838.]"
The London Journal of Arts and Sciences, and Repertory
of Patent ..., Volume 14, William Newton, 1839, p. 6
SEE ALSO ...
SOUTHWELL in London, England
WILLIAM SOUTHWELL, Inventor & Musical Instrument
Maker, Michael Cole
86, Marlborough Street (*1800), 34, Marlbough Street (*1815), Dublin